Ford Sable, Taurus 2000-05

Starter

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Removal & Installation



  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the precautions section.
  2.  
  3. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Negative battery cable
     
    Splash shield
     
    Starter electrical connectors
     
    Starter

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    Fig. Remove the front splash shield for access



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    Fig. Starter motor-3.0L (VIN U) engine



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    Fig. Starter motor-3.0L (VIN S) engine

     

  4.  

To install:

  1. Install or connect the following:

    Starter and tighten the bolts to 18 ft. lbs. (25 Nm)
     
    Starter electrical connectors and tighten the battery cable nut to 80-123 inch lbs. (9-14 Nm)
     
    Splash shield
     
    Negative battery cable
     

  2.  



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Fig. Remove the front splash shield for access



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Fig. Starter motor-3.0L (VIN U) engine



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Fig. Starter motor-3.0L (VIN S) and 3.4L (VIN N) engines

  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the precautions at the beginning of this section.
  2.  
  3. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Negative battery cable
     
    Splash shield
     
    Starter electrical connectors
     
    Starter
     

  4.  

To install:

  1. Install or connect the following:

    Starter and tighten the bolts to 16-21 ft. lbs. (21-29 Nm)
     
    Starter electrical connectors and tighten the battery cable nut to 80-123 inch lbs. (9-14 Nm)
     
    Splash shield
     
    Negative battery cable
     

  2.  

Testing & Troubleshooting





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Fig. Troubleshooting Basic Starting System Problems

Ground Circuit Test
  1. Disengage the electrical connections from the coil to prevent the engine from starting.
  2.  
  3. Use a remote starter (connected between the battery positive terminal and the starter motor S terminal) or with the help of an assistant to crank the engine.
  4.  
  5. Connect the Digital Volt Ohmmeter (DVOM) positive lead to the starter motor sousing (the connection should be clean and free of rust or grease and the negative lead to the negative battery terminal.
  6.  
  7. Either use the remote starter or have your assistant crank the engine and note the voltage reading. The reading should be 0.2 volts or less.
  8.  
  9. If the reading is more than 0.2 volts, clean the negative cable connections at the battery and body connections and retest. If the voltage is still too high, check the individual cable as follows:
    1. Connect the positive lead of the DVOM to the end of the cable nearest battery positive and the negative lead of the DVOM to the other end of the cable.
    2.  

  10.  
  11. Crank the engine and observe the voltage reading, which should be 0.2 volts or lower. If the voltage reading is too high, clean the terminal ends and retest. If the reading is still too high, replace the cable.
    NOTE
    Many automotive parts stores have starter bench testers available for use by customers. A starter bench test is the most definitive way to determine the condition of your starter.



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    Fig. Wiring schematic of the remote starter and DVOM connections required when performing a voltage drop test of the motor ground circuit

  12.  

Voltage Drop Test
Motor Feed Circuit

NOTE
The battery must be in good condition and fully charged prior to performing these tests.

  1. Make sure the battery terminals are clean and tight.
  2.  
  3. Check the starter motor electrical wires for insulation damage, the connections are properly engaged and have no dirt or corrosion.
  4.  
  5. Disengage the electrical connections from the coil to prevent the engine from starting.
  6.  
  7. Using a Digital Volt Ohmmeter (DVOM) set on the voltage scale, connect the DVOM positive lead to the battery positive terminal and the negative lead engaged to the starter solenoid M terminal.
  8.  
  9. Use a remote starter (connected between the battery positive terminal and the starter motor S terminal) or with the help an assistant, crank the engine and observe the voltage reading.
  10.  
  11. If the voltage at the M Terminal is higher than 0.5 volts, move the DVOM negative lead to the solenoid B terminal and repeat the test.
  12.  
  13. If the voltage reading is higher than 0.5 volts there may be a problem with the solenoid or the wires.
  14.  
  15. Disengage, clean and reinstall the B , S and M terminals. Repeat Steps 4-6.
  16.  
  17. If the voltage readings are still the same the solenoid is defective and must be replaced.
    NOTE
    Many automotive parts stores have starter bench testers available for use by customers. A starter bench test is the most definitive way to determine the condition of your starter.



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Wiring schematic of the remote starter and DVOM connections required when performing a voltage drop test of the motor feed circuit



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    Fig. The location of the starter motor terminals on the solenoid

  18.  

 
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