Ford Taurus/Sable 1996-1999 Repair Guide

Fuel and Engine Oil Recommendations



See Figures 1 and 2

On models equipped with gasoline engines, Ford recommends that SAE 5W-30 viscosity engine oil should be used for all climate conditions, however, SAE 10W-30 is acceptable for vehicles operated in moderate-to-hot climates.

On models equipped with Flexible Fuel Vehicles (FFV), Ford recommends that SAE 10W-30 viscosity flexible fuel vehicle engine oil should be used.

When adding oil to the crankcase or changing the oil or filter, it is important that oil of an equal quality to original equipment be used in your car. The use of inferior oils may void the warranty, damage your engine, or both.

The SAE (Society of Automotive Engineers) grade number of oil indicates the viscosity of the oil (its ability to lubricate at a given temperature). The lower the SAE number, the lighter the oil; the lower the viscosity, the easier it is to crank the engine in cold weather but the less the oil will lubricate and protect the engine in high temperatures. This number is marked on every oil container.

Oil viscosities should be chosen from those oils recommended for the lowest anticipated temperatures

During the oil change interval. Due to the need for an oil that embodies both good lubrication at high temperatures and easy cranking in cold weather, multigrade oils have been developed. Basically, a multigrade oil is thinner at low temperatures and thicker at high temperatures. For example, a 10W-40 oil (the W stands for winter) exhibits the characteristics of a 10 weight (SAE 10) oil when the car is first started and the oil is cold. Its lighter weight allows it to travel to the lubricating surfaces quicker and offer less resistance to starter motor cranking than, say, a straight 30 weight (SAE 30) oil. But after the engine reaches operating temperature, the 10W-40 oil begins acting like straight 40 weight (SAE 40) oil, its heavier weight providing greater lubrication with less chance of foaming than a straight 30 weight oil.

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Fig. Fig. 1: Look for the API oil identification label when choosing your engine oil

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Fig. Fig. 2: This label, usually affixed under the hood, will reveal the engine's oil viscosity requirement

The API (American Petroleum Institute) designations, also found on the oil container, indicate the classification of engine oil used under certain given operating conditions. Only oils designated for use Service SG heavy duty detergent should be used in your car. Oils of the SG type perform many functions inside the engine besides their basic lubrication. Through a balanced system of metallic detergents and polymeric dispersants, the oil prevents high and low temperature deposits and also keeps sludge and dirt particles in suspension. Acids, particularly sulfuric acid, as well as other by-products of engine combustion are neutralized by the oil. If these acids are allowed to concentrate, they can cause corrosion and rapid wear of the internal engine parts.

Non-detergent motor oils or straight mineral oils should not be used in your Ford gasoline engine.

Synthetic Oil

There are many excellent synthetic and fuel-efficient oils currently available that can provide better gas mileage, longer service life and, in some cases, better engine protection. These benefits do not come without a few hitches, however; the main one being the price of synthetic oil, which can be significantly more expensive than conventional oil.

Synthetic oil is not for every car and every type of driving, so you should consider your engine's condition and your type of driving. Also, check your vehicles warranty conditions regarding the use of synthetic oils.


The 3.0L (VIN U) and 3.0L (VIN S) vehicles covered by this guide are designed to operate using regular unleaded fuel with a minimum of 87 octane. The 3.4L (VIN N) vehicles covered by this guide are designed to operate using premium unleaded fuel with an octane rating of 91 or higher. Ford warns that using gasoline with an octane rating lower than specified can cause persistent and heavy knocking, and may cause internal engine damage.

If your vehicle is having problems with rough idle or hesitation when the engine is cold, it may be caused by low volatility fuel. If this occurs, try a different grade or brand of fuel.

The Taurus Flexible Fuel Vehicles (FFV) has two versions, one for fuel methanol (3.0L VIN 1) and the other for fuel ethanol (3.0L VIN 2). Unleaded gasoline may be used in either vehicle. However, fuel methanol is not to be used in a fuel ethanol vehicle, and vice-versa. These models will operate well on ordinary unleaded regular gasoline, but only the highest quality fuel methanol or fuel ethanol should be used. To ensure proper operation of your Flexible Fuel Vehicle (FFV) only refuel at stations certified by the American Automobile Manufacturers Association (AAMA).

Use only fuels which meet the specifications issued by the AAMA and the type specified for the calibration number printed on the decal. Use of other fuels may cause damage to the vehicles powertrain, cause a loss of vehicle performance and may even void your vehicles warranty.


If you plan to drive your car outside the United States or Canada, there is a possibility that fuels will be too low in anti-knock quality and could produce engine damage. It is wise to consult with local authorities upon arrival in a foreign country to determine the best fuels available.