See Figures 1 and 2
Unleaded gasoline having a Research Octane Number (RON) of 87-91 is recommended for your car. Refer to your owners manual for the exact RON.
Using a high quality unleaded gasoline may help maintain the driveability, fuel economy and emissions performance of your vehicle. A properly formulated gasoline will be comprised of well refined hydrocarbons and chemical additives and will perform the following.
In addition, the fuel will be free of water debris and other impurities. Some driveability deterioration on multi-port electronically fuel injected vehicles can be traced to continuous use of certain gasolines which may have insufficient amounts of detergent additives to provide adequate deposit control protection.
See Figures 3 and 4
Oil meeting API classification SH or latest superceding grade is recommended for use in your vehicle. Viscosity grades 10W-30 or 10W-40 are recommended on 1983 models. On 1984 and later models it is recommended that you use 5W-30 if you drive your vehicle in temperatures below 100°F (37°C) and 10W-30 for when you drive your vehicle in above 100°F (37°C) conditions. See the viscosity-to-temperature illustration in this section.
OIL LEVEL CHECK
See Figures 5, 6 and 7
It is a good idea to check the engine oil each time or at least every other time you fill your gas tank.
- Be sure your car is on level ground. Shut off the engine and wait for a few minutes to allow the oil to drain back into the oil pan.
- Remove the engine oil dipstick and wipe clean with a rag.
- Reinsert the dipstick and push it down until it is fully seated in the tube.
- Remove the stick and check the oil level shown. If the oil level is below the lower mark, add one quart.
- If you wish, you may carefully fill the oil pan to the upper mark on the dipstick with less than a full quart. Do not, however, add a full quart when it would overfill the crankcase (level above the upper mark on the dipstick). The excess oil will generally be consumed at an excessive rate even if no damage to the engine seals occurs.
OIL AND FILTER CHANGE
See Figures 8, 9, 10 and 11
The manufacturer recommends changing the engine oil and oil filter every 3 months or 3000 miles (5000 km). The engine oil and oil filter can be changed at 2000 miles (3200 km) or 2 month intervals if the driving conditions for your vehicle is done through severe dust and dirty conditions. Following these recommended intervals will help keep you car engine in good condition.
- Make sure the engine is at normal operating temperature (this promotes complete draining of the old oil).
- Apply the parking brake and block the wheels or raise and support the car evenly on jackstands.
- Place a drain pan of about a gallon and a half capacity under the engine oil pan drain plug (DO NOT DRAIN OIL ONTO THE GROUND). Using the proper size wrench, loosen and remove the plug. Allow all the old oil to drain. Wipe the pan and the drain plug with a clean rag. Inspect the drain plug gasket, replace if necessary.
- Reinstall and tighten the drain plug to 15-25 ft. lbs. (20-34 Nm) on all engines excluding the 4.6L. On the 4.6L engine tighten to 9-11 ft. lbs. (11-16 Nm). DO NOT OVERTIGHTEN.
- Move the drain pan under the engine oil filter. Use a strap wrench and loosen the oil filter (do not remove), allow the oil to drain. Unscrew the filter the rest of the way by hand. Use a rag, if necessary, to keep from burning your fingers. When the filter comes loose from the engine, turn the mounting base upward to avoid spilling the remaining oil.
- Wipe the engine filter mount clean with a rag. Coat the rubber gasket on the new oil filter with clean engine oil, applying it with a finger. Carefully start the filter onto the threaded engine mount. Turn the filter until it touches the engine mounting surface. Tighten the filter, by hand, 1 / 2 turn more or as recommended by the filter manufacturer.
- Lower the vehicle to the ground. Refill the crankcase with the recommended amount of engine oil. Replace the filler cap and start the engine. Allow the engine to idle and check for oil leaks. Shut off the engine, wait for several minutes, then check the oil level with the dipstick. Add oil if necessary.
Used oil has been determined to be hazardous to the environment. Recycling oil is the best way for disposal. Check local laws and recycle whenever possible. Store the used oil in a container made for that purpose until you can find a service station or garage that accepts used oil for recycling.