REMOVAL & INSTALLATION
See Figures 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6
The bolts used in this procedure are made to metric specifications and require the use of metric tools.
- Disconnect the negative battery cable.
- Place the ignition key in the unlock position to permit free movement of the front wheels. Raise the hood.
For Thunderbird Turbo Coupes, proceed as follows:
- Detach the actuator connector from the wiring harness connector.
- Remove the actuator protective cover. The cover snaps off.
- Slide the actuator connector off the protective cover.
- Unfasten the two screws retaining the actuator to the mounting bracket.
- Remove the actuator by lifting it off.
- Grasp the actuator mounting bracket with water pump pliers and hold firmly.
- Loosen the nut retaining the mounting bracket to the shock absorber, then remove the nut and mounting bracket.
- Install the nut onto the shock absorber.
- Raise the vehicle by the lower control arms until the wheels are just off the ground. From the engine compartment, remove and discard the three 12mm upper mount retaining nuts.
- If the upper mount is to be replaced, loosen the 16mm strut rod nut.
- Continue to raise the front of the vehicle by the lower control arms, then position safety stands under the frame jacking pads, behind the wheels.
- Remove the tire and wheel assembly.
- Remove the brake caliper, and rotate out of position.
- Remove the two lower nuts attaching the strut to the spindle, leaving the bolts in place. Carefully remove both spindle-to-strut bolts, push the bracket free of the spindle, then remove the strut.
- Compress the strut to clear the upper mount of the body mounting pad. Lift the strut up from the spindle to compress the rod, then pull down and remove the strut.
- If necessary, remove the upper mount and jounce bumper from the strut.
- If removed, install the upper mount and jounce bumper on the strut.
- Position the three upper mount studs into the body mounting pad and camber plate, then start three new nuts.
- With the rod half extended, place the rod through the upper mount and hand start the mount as soon as possible.
- Extend the strut and position into the spindle.
- Install two new lower mounting bolts and hand start the nuts. Remove the suspension load from the lower control arms by carefully lowering the vehicle. Tighten the lower mounting nuts to 140-200 ft. lbs. (190-271 Nm).
- Raise the suspension control arms, then tighten the three new upper mounting nuts inside the engine compartment to 50-70 ft. lbs. (68-102 Nm).
For Thunderbird Turbo Coupes, perform the following:
- Install the actuator mounting bracket on the shock absorber. Make sure the flats on the bracket and shock absorber line up.
- Rotate the mounting bracket to align with the inner edge of the fender.
- Install the retaining nut onto the shock absorber.
- Grasp the mounting bracket with water pump pliers and hold firmly.
- Tighten the nut to 60-75 ft. lbs. (81-102 Nm). Make sure the alignment of the mounting bracket to the fender is maintained while tightening the nut.
- Install the actuator on the mounting bracket. Make sure the flats of the actuator and shock absorber are aligned.
- Rotate the actuator to align the screw attaching holes in the mounting bracket.
- Install the two actuator-to-mounting bracket attaching screws. Tighten the screws to 10-14 inch lbs. (1.1-1.6 Nm).
- Fasten the actuator wiring connector onto the protective cover.
- Position the actuator wiring in front of and under the actuator.
- Install the wiring in the cutout in the protective cover.
- If necessary, tighten the 16mm strut rod nut to 55-92 ft. lbs. (75-125 Nm).
- Install the brake caliper and the tire and wheel assembly.
- Remove the safety stands, then carefully lower the vehicle.
- Connect the negative battery cable.
Strut removal and installation procedures are the same as for front coil spring. Refer to to the Coil Spring removal procedure located earlier in this section.