REMOVAL & INSTALLATION
Tie Rod Ends
- Raise and safely support the front of the vehicle with jackstands.
- Remove and discard the cotter pin and nut from the worn tie rod end.
- Separate the tie rod end from the steering knuckle (spindle) using Tie Rod End Remover TOOL-3290-D or equivalent.
- Holding the tie rod end with a wrench, loosen the tie rod end jam nut.
- Note the depth to which the tie rod end was located by using the jam nut as a marker. Grip the tie rod end with a suitable pair of pliers, then remove the tie rod end.
- Clean the tie rod end threads. Thread the tie rod ends to the same depth as the removed tie rod end.
- Place the tie rod end into the steering knuckle (spindle). Make sure the wheels are in the straight ahead position.
- Install a new nut on the tie rod end. Tighten the nut to 39 ft. lbs. (53 Nm), and continue tightening the nut to align the next castellation of the nut with the cotter pin hole in the stud. Install a new cotter pin.
- Tighten the jam nut to 35-50 ft. lbs. (48-68 Nm).
- Have the front end alignment checked at a reputable repair shop.
See Figures 1 and 2
- Disconnect the negative battery cable, and turn the ignition key to the ON position.
- Raise and safely support the vehicle on jackstands.
- Remove both wheels and tire assemblies.
- Disconnect and remove the outer tie rod ends.
- Remove the four clamps retaining the bellows (rubber boots) to the gear housing and the tie rods. Discard the clamps if damaged or corroded.
- Remove the bellows along with the breather tube, using care not to damage the bellows.
- Remove the coiled lock pins from inner tie rod ball joint, using a locknut pin removal tool D81P-3504-N or equivalent.
- Turn the steering towards the right enough to expose a few rack teeth. Hold the rack with an adjustable wrench (on end teeth only), while loosening tie rod ball joints with a nut wrench T74P-3504-U or equivalent.
Some gear assemblies may contain one or two rack travel restrictors on each side of the rack. The restrictors are split nylon washers and, if required, can easily be removed from the rack following tie rod removal. Restrictors may be reused unless heavily worn.
- Turn the gear against or near left side stop and hold rack with an adjustable wrench nearest the rack end. Tighten each tie rod ball joint separately, using nut wrench T74P-3504-U or equivalent.
- Thoroughly clean the rack and housing of any foreign material. Any abrasive material is extremely harmful to the high pressure oil seals in the rack.
Apply some gear grease to the groove on the tie rods where the bellows clamp to the rod. This allows for toe adjustments without damaging the bellows (rubber boots).
- Install the breather tube and the bellows into position on the housing and tie rods.
- Install new clamps onto the bellows.
- Install the jam nuts and place a small amount of grease on the threads of the tie rods.
- Install the outer tie rod ends.
- Install the wheels and tires assemblies.
- Carefully lower the vehicle, connect the negative battery cable, and have the alignment checked at a reputable repair shop.