Water is the worst enemy of the diesel fuel injection system. The injection pump, which is designed and constructed to extremely close tolerances, and the injectors can be easily damaged if enough water is forced through them in the fuel. Engine performance will also be drastically affected, and engine damage can occur.
Diesel fuel is much more susceptible than gasoline to water contamination. Diesel-engine cars are equipped with an indicator lamp system that turns on an instrument panel lamp if water (1-2 1 / 2 gallons) is detected in the fuel tank. The lamp will come on for 2-5 seconds each time the ignition is turned on, assuring the driver the lamp is working. If there is water in the fuel, the light will come back on after a 15-20 second off delay, and then remain on.
PURGING THE FUEL TANK
Cars which have a Water in Fuel light may have the water removed from the tank with a siphon pump. The pump hose should be hooked up to the 1 / 4 in. fuel return hose (the smaller of the two hoses) above the rear axle or under the hood near the fuel pump. Siphoning should continue until all water is removed from the tank. Use a clear plastic hose or observe the filter bowl on the siphon pump (if equipped) to determine when clear fuel begins to flow. Be sure to remove the cap on the fuel tank while purging. Replace the cap when finished. Discard the fuel filter and replace with a new filter.