GM Cadillac 1967-1989 Repair Guide

Tie Rod Ends

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REMOVAL & INSTALLATION



All Models Except 1986-89 Eldorado And Seville

See Figures 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6

  1. Remove the cotter pins and nuts from the tie rod end studs.
  2.  
  3. Tap on the steering arm near the tie rod end (use another hammer as backing) and pull down on the tie rod, if necessary, to free it.
  4.  

DO NOT tap directly on the steering arm using the hammer, instead position the second hammer across the arm and tap lightly on the second hammer head.

  1. Remove the inner stud in the same manner as the outer.
  2.  
  3. Loosen the clamp bolts and unscrew the ends (count the number of turns - install the same amount of turns to keep adjustment close as possible) if they are being replaced.
  4.  

To install:
  1. Lubricate the tie rod end threads with chassis grease if they were removed. Install each end assembly an equal distance from the sleeve.
  2.  
  3. Ensure that the tie rod end stud threads and nut are clean. Install new seals, then install the studs into the steering arms and relay rod.
  4.  
  5. Install the stud nuts. Tighten the inner and outer end nuts to 35 ft. lbs. (47 Nm). Install new cotter pins.
  6.  
  7. Adjust the toe-in to specifications.
  8.  

Before tightening the sleeve clamps, ensure that the clamps are positioned so that adjusting sleeve slot is covered by the clamp. Never back nut off to insert cotter pin; always tighten it until the pin can fit through the castellations.



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Fig. Fig. 1: Disconnecting steering linkage using puller or ball joint tool



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Fig. Fig. 2: Common steering linkage



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Fig. Fig. 3: Tie rod clamp and sleeve positioning



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Fig. Fig. 4: Removing the inner tie rod end



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Fig. Fig. 5: Removing the inner tie rod from steering linkage with special tool



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Fig. Fig. 6: Removing the inner tie rod from steering linkage

1986-89 Eldorado And Seville

See Figures 7 and 8

OUTER TIE ROD



  1. Loosen the tie rod jam nut.
  2.  
  3. Use a tie rod puller or equivalent and remove the tie rod end from the steering knuckle.
  4.  
  5. Remove the outer tie rod.
  6.  

To install:
  1. Thread the outer tie rod onto the inner rod, DO NOT tighten the jam nut yet.
  2.  
  3. Press the outer tie rod end into the steering knuckle.
  4.  
  5. Adjust toe-in by turning the outer tie rod, then tighten the jam nut to 50 ft. lbs. (70 Nm).
  6.  

INNER TIE ROD
  1. Remove the outer tie rod as detailed above.
  2.  
  3. Remove the shock dampener ring from the inner tie rod housing and slide it back onto the steering rack.
  4.  
  5. Position an open-end wrench on the rack flat so as to prevent damage when removing the tie rod.
  6.  
  7. Turn the inner tie rod housing counterclockwise until it separates from the rack. Remove the tie rod.
  8.  

To install:
  1. Bottom the tie rod assembly on the rack.
  2.  
  3. Tighten the housing by using a wrench on the rack flat.
  4.  
  5. Support the rack and housing, then stake the tie rod housing to the rack flat. Stake both sides.
  6.  
  7. Check the stake by attempting to pass a 0.010 in. (0.25mm) feeler gauge between the rack and housing stake on both sides. It should not pass through.
  8.  
  9. Slide the shock dampener over the inner tie rod housing until it engages.
  10.  
  11. Install the outer tie rod.
  12.  



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Fig. Fig. 7: Outer tie rod removal - 1986-89 Eldorado and Seville



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Fig. Fig. 8: Inner tie rod removal - 1986-89 Eldorado and Seville

 
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