GM Caprice 1990-1993 Repair Guide

Shock Absorbers

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INSPECTION



There are several ways to check shock absorbers, they are as follows:

  1. Bounce the vehicle up and down. The vehicle should rebound approximately 2 times.
  2.  
  3. Look at the shock and check for oil leakage around the stem area.
  4.  
  5. Check the shock mounts for looseness or the rubber grommets being deteriorated or missing.
  6.  
  7. If any of the above items are found, shock should be replaced, preferably in pairs.
  8.  

REMOVAL & INSTALLATION



See Figure 1



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 1: Removing and installing shock absorber

  1. Raise and support the vehicle safely.
  2.  
  3. Hold the shock absorber upper stem from turning and remove the upper nut, retainer and grommet.
  4.  

There are several tools available to hold the shock stem from turning while removing the stem nut.

  1. Remove the 2 bolts and lock washers securing the shock to the lower control arm.
  2.  

To install:
  1. With the lower retainer and grommet in place over the upper stem, install the fully extended shock up through the lower control arm and spring.
  2.  
  3. Install the upper rubber insulator, retainer and attaching nut over the shock. Tighten the nut to 97 inch lbs. (11 Nm).
  4.  
  5. Install the shock lower pivot to the lower control arm with the 2 attaching bolts and tighten to 20 ft. lbs. (27 Nm).
  6.  
  7. Lower the vehicle.
  8.  

 
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