REMOVAL & INSTALLATION
1.8L, 2.0L and 2.2L OHV Engines
See Figure 1
The following procedure requires the use of a special tool.
- Remove the engine drive belts (1982-86 vehicles) or the serpentine belt and tensioner (1987-94 vehicles).
Although not absolutely necessary, removal of the right front inner fender splash shield will facilitate access to the front cover.
- Install engine support fixture J 28467-A, or equivalent.
- Remove the engine mount assembly.
- Remove the alternator rear brace, then remove the alternator.
- Remove the power steering pump, then position it aside with the lines still attached.
- Raise and safely support the vehicle.
- Remove the oil pan.
- Unscrew the center bolt from the crankshaft pulley and slide the pulley and hub from the crankshaft.
- Unfasten the front cover-to-block bolts and then remove the front cover. If the front cover is difficult to remove, use a plastic mallet to carefully loosen the cover.
- The surfaces of the block and front cover must be clean and free of oil. On 1982-86 models, apply a 1 / 8 in. (3mm) wide bead of RTV sealant to the cover. The sealant must be wet to the touch when the bolts are torqued down. On 1987-94 models a gasket is used. Torque the bolts to 6-9 ft. lbs. (8-12 Nm).
When applying RTV sealant to the front cover, be sure to keep it out of the bolt holes.
- Position the front cover on the block using a centering tool (J-23042) and tighten the screws.
- Installation of the remaining components is in the reverse order of removal.
See Figures 2 and 3
- Disconnect the battery ground cable.
- Drain the cooling system.
- On 1985-86 models, disconnect the MAP sensor and the EGR solenoid.
- On 1985-86 models, remove the coolant recovery tank.
- Remove the serpentine belt adjustment pulley.
- Remove the alternator and disconnect the electrical wires.
- Remove the power steering pump bracket.
- Disconnect the heater pipe at the power steering bracket.
- Jack up the car and support it safely.
- Remove the inner splash shield.
- Remove the air conditioning compressor belt.
- Remove the flywheel cover at the transaxle.
- Remove the harmonic balancer with tool J-23523-1 or equivalent.
The outer ring (weight) of the harmonic balancer is bonded to the hub with rubber. Breakage may occur if the balancer is hammered back onto the crankshaft. A press or special installation tool is necessary.
- Remove the serpentine belt idler pulley.
- Unfasten the pan-to-front cover bolts and remove the lower cover bolts.
- Carefully lower the vehicle.
- Disconnect the radiator hose at the water pump.
- Remove the heater pipe at the goose neck.
- Detach the bypass and overflow hoses.
- Disconnect the canister purge hose.
- Unfasten the upper front cover bolts and remove the front cover.
- Clean all the gasket mounting surfaces on the front cover and block and place a new gasket to the front cover sealing surface. Apply a continuous 1 / 8 in. (3mm) wide bead of sealer (1052357 or equivalent) to the oil pan sealing surface of the front cover.
- Place the front cover on the engine and install the upper front cover bolts.
- Raise the vehicle and support it safely.
- Install the lower cover bolts.
- Install the oil pan to cover screws.
- Install the serpentine belt idler pulley.
- Install the harmonic balancer. (See the Harmonic Balancer Removal and Installation procedure.)
- Install the flywheel cover on the transaxle.
- Install the air conditioning compressor belt.
- Install the inner splash shield.
- Lower the vehicle and install the remainder of the parts in the reverse order of removal.