GM Cavalier/Sunbird/Skyhawk/Firenza 1982-1994

Coil Springs



See Figures 1 and 2

The coil springs are under a considerable amount of tension. Be very careful when removing or installing them; they can exert enough force to cause very serious injuries. Make sure vehicle is safely supported on the proper type equipment.

  1. Raise and safely support the vehicle. Remove the rear wheel and tire assemblies.
  3. Using the proper equipment, support the weight of the rear axle. Unfasten the right and left brake line bracket attaching screws, then allow the brake line to hang free.

Do NOT suspend the rear axle by the brake hoses or damage to the hoses may result.

  1. Unfasten both shock absorber lower attaching bolts from the axle.
  3. Carefully lower the axle, then remove the coil spring(s) and/or insulator(s).

Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 1: View of the coil spring and shock mounting and related components - 1991 vehicle shown

Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 2: Removing the spring and insulator - 1994 vehicle shown

To install:
  1. Position the spring(s) and insulator(s) in the seats, and raise the axle. The ends of the upper coil in the spring must be positioned in the spring seat and within 9 / 16 in. (15mm) of the spring stop.

Before installing the springs, it may be necessary to install the upper insulators to the body with adhesive to keep them in position while raising the axle assembly.

  1. Install the shock absorber bolts. Tighten to 41 ft. lbs. (55 Nm). Install the brake line brackets. Tighten to 8 ft. lbs. (11 Nm).