See Figure 1
Loosen the steel brake line fittings using flare nut wrenches only. If the steel line starts to twist, stop and lubricate with penetrating oil. Move the wrench back and forth until the fitting turns freely. A backup wrench should be used when loosening steel-to-rubber brake hoses. Steel brake lines can be repaired by installing a double flare after the damaged portion has been removed. The tools needed for this procedure may be purchased at a local hardware or auto parts store. Steel brake lines MUST be double flared.
BRAKE PIPE FLARING
See Figure 2
Flaring steel lines is a skill which needs to be practiced before it should be done on a line which is to be used on a vehicle. A special flaring kit with double flaring adapters is required. It is essential that the flare is formed evenly to prevent any leaks when the brake system is under pressure. Only steel lines, not copper lines, should be used. With the supply of parts available today, a pre-flared steel brake line should be available to fit your needs. Due to the high pressures in the brake system and the serious injuries that could occur if the flare should fail, it is strongly advised that pre-flared lines should be installed when repairing the braking system. If a line were to leak brake fluid due to a defective flare, and the leak were to go undetected, brake failure would result.
- Obtain the recommended tubing and the correct size steel fitting nuts. The outside diameter of the tubing is used to determine the size.
- Cut the tubing to length. The correct length is determined by the measurement of the old pipe. You can use a piece of string to measure. Add 1 / 8 in. (3mm) for each flared end.
- Make sure the fittings are installed before starting to flare. Chamfer the inside and outside diameter of the pipe with a deburring tool.