GM Celebrity/Century/Ciera/6000 1982-1996 Repair Guide

Checking Engine Compression

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See Figure 1

A noticeable lack of engine power, excessive oil consumption and/or poor fuel mileage measured over an extended period are all indicators of internal engine war. Worn piston rings, scored or worn cylinder bores, blown head gaskets, sticking or burnt valves and worn valve seats are all possible culprits here. A check of each cylinder's compression will help you locate the problems.



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Fig. Fig. 1: A screw-in type compression gauge is more accurate and easier to use without an assistant

As mentioned in the Tools and Equipment section of Routine Maintenance , a screw-in type compression gauge is more accurate that the type you simply hold against the spark plug hole, although it takes slightly longer to use. It's worth it to obtain a more accurate reading.

GASOLINE ENGINES



  1. Warm up the engine to normal operating temperature.
  2.  
  3. Remove all spark plugs.
  4.  
  5. Disconnect the high tension lead from the ignition coil.
  6.  
  7. Fully open the throttle either by operating the carburetor throttle link