GM Celebrity/Century/Ciera/6000 1982-1996 Repair Guide

Steering Linkage

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REMOVAL & INSTALLATION



Tie Rod Ends
INNER

See Figures 1, 2 and 3

  1. Loosen the lug nuts.
  2.  
  3. Raise and support the vehicle safely.
  4.  
  5. Remove the tire and wheel assembly.
  6.  
  7. Remove the rack and pinion assembly from the vehicle.
  8.  
  9. Disconnect and remove the outer tie rod from the inner tie rod assembly.
  10.  
  11. Loosen the jam nut on the steering rack (inner tie rod).
  12.  



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Fig. Fig. 1: Loosen the jam nut on the steering rack (inner tie rod)

  1. Remove the tie rod end nut and the end clamp. Disconnect the boot clamp with side cutters and discard the boot.
  2.  
  3. Slide the shock dampener from the inner tie rod assembly and the other side of the rack.
  4.  
  5. Make sure you hold on to the rack during the inner tie rod removal to prevent rack damage.
  6.  

In order to maintain proper front end alignment after installation, be sure to count the number of turns while removing the tie rod.

  1. Separate the inner tie rod end from the rack. Place one wrench on the flat of the rack assembly. Then, place a wrench on the flats of the inner tie rod housing. Rotate the housing counterclockwise until the tie rod separates from the rack.
  2.  



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Fig. Fig. 2: Place one wrench on the flat of the rack assembly. Place another wrench on the flats of the inner tie rod housing. Rotate the housing counter-clockwise until the tie rod separates from the rack

To install:
  1. The rack must be held during the inner tie rod installation to prevent internal gear damage.
  2.  
  3. Install the rack and pinion assembly, then slide the shock dampener on top the rack.
  4.  
  5. Screw the tie rod end onto the steering rack (inner tie rod) the same number of turns as counted for removal. This will give approximately correct toe. Tighten the nut approximately 70 ft. lbs. (95 Nm).
  6.  
  7. Make sure that the tie rod rocks freely in the housing before staking the inner tie rod assembly or the rack.
  8.  
  9. Support the rack and housing of the inner tie rod assembly, then stake both sides of the inner rod housing to the flats on the rack.
  10.  



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Fig. Fig. 3: Support the rack and housing of the inner tie rod assembly, then stake both sides of the inner rod housing to the flats on the rack

  1. Check both stakes by inserting a (0.25mm) 0.010 inch feeler gauge between the rack and the tie rod housing as shown in the picture. The feeler must not pass between the rack and the housing stake.
  2.  
  3. Slide the shock dampener over the housing until it engages, then install a new boot clamp onto the rack and pinion boot.
  4.  
  5. Apply grease to the inner tie rod and housing. Insert the elbow of the boot into the breather tube. Install the boot onto the housing until it seats in the housing groove.
  6.  

Do not twist or pucker the boot after installation.

  1. Position a new boot clamp on the boot and crimp, then position the tie rod end clamp with a pair of pliers on the boot.
  2.  
  3. Install a hex jam nut to the inner tie rod assembly and tighten, then install the outer tie rod.
  4.  
  5. Install the tie and wheel assembly, hand-tighten the lug nuts.
  6.  
  7. Lower the vehicle, then tighten the lug nuts to 100 ft. lbs. (136 Nm).
  8.  

OUTER

See Figures 4, 5, 6 and 7

  1. Loosen the lug nuts, then raise and support the vehicle.
  2.  
  3. Remove the tire and wheel assembly.
  4.  
  5. Loosen the jam nut.
  6.  
  7. Remove and discard the cotter pin.
  8.  



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Fig. Fig. 4: After loosening the jam nut, remove and discard the cotter pin

  1. Using a suitable tool remove the hex nut holding the tie rod in place.
  2.  



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Fig. Fig. 5: Using a suitable tool, remove the hex nut holding the tie rod in place

  1. With a tie rod puller, the tie rod can be separated from the knuckle.
  2.  



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Fig. Fig. 6: The tie rod can be separated from the knuckle with a tie rod puller

  1. After separation, unscrew the end from the shaft.
  2.  



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Fig. Fig. 7: After separation, unscrew the end from the shaft

To install:
  1. Connect the new outer tie rod end onto the inner shaft, then connect the tie rod end to the knuckle.
  2.  
  3. Tighten the hex slotted nut to 31-52 ft. lbs. (42-70 Nm) to align the cotter pin into the slot, ( 1 / 6 turn maximum). Do not back off the nut to install the cotter pin.
  4.  
  5. Insert a new cotter pin into the tie rod stud.
  6.  
  7. Adjust the toe, then tighten the jam nut to 52 ft. lbs. (70 Nm).
  8.  

 
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