GM Celebrity/Century/Ciera/6000 1982-1996 Repair Guide

TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT

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See Figures 1 through 13

It would be impossible to catalog each and every tool that you may need to perform all the operations included in this book. It would also not be wise for the amateur to rush out and buy an expensive set of tools on the theory that he/she may need one of them at some time. The best approach is to proceed slowly, gathering together a good quality set of those tools that are used most frequently. Don't be misled by the low cost of bargain tools. It is far better to spend a little more for quality, name brand tools. Forged wrenches, 6 or 12-point sockets and fine-tooth ratchets are a better investment than their less expensive counterparts. As any good mechanic can tell you, there are few worse experiences than trying to work on a vehicle with bad tools. Your monetary savings will be far outweighed by frustration and mangled knuckles.

Begin accumulating those tools that are used most frequently, those associated with routine maintenance and tune-up. In addition to the normal assortment of screwdriver's and pliers, you should have the following tools for routine maintenance jobs:



SAE (or Metric) or SAE/Metric wrenches-sockets and combination open end/box end wrenches in sizes from 1 / 8 in. (3mm) to 3 / 4 in. (19mm) and a spark plug socket 5 / 8 in. (16mm). If possible, buy various length socket drive extensions. One break in this department is that the metric sockets available in the U.S. will all fit the ratchet handles and extensions you may already have ( 1 / 4 in., 3 / 8 in., and 1 / 2 in. drive).
 
Jackstands for support.
 
Oil filter wrench.
 
Oil filler spout for pouring oil.
 
Grease gun for chassis lubrication.
 
A container for draining oil.
 
Many rags for wiping up the inevitable mess.
 

In addition to the above items there are several others that are not absolutely necessary, but handy to have around. These include oil dry some form of oil-absorbent are one, a transmission funnel and the usual supply of lubricants, antifreeze and fluids, although these can be purchased as needed. This is a basic list for routine maintenance, but only your personal needs and desires can accurately determine your list of tools.

A more advanced set of tools, suitable for tune-up work, can be drawn up easily. While the tools are slightly more sophisticated, they need not be outrageously expensive. The key to these purchases is to make them with an eye towards adaptability and wide range. A basic list of tune-up tools could include:



Tachometer
 
Spark plug socket
 
Spark plug gauge and gapping tool
 
Timing light
 



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Fig. Fig. 1: All but the most basic procedure will require an assortment of ratchets and sockets



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Fig. Fig. 2: In addition to ratchets, a good set of wrenches and hex keys will be necessary



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Fig. Fig. 3: A hydraulic floor jack and a set of jackstands are essential for lifting and supporting the vehicle



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Fig. Fig. 4: An assortment of pliers will be handy, especially for old rusted parts and stripped bolt heads



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Fig. Fig. 5: Various screwdrivers, a hammer, chisels and prybars are necessary to have in your toolbox

The choice of a timing light should be made carefully. A light which works on the DC current supplied by the car battery is the best choice; it should have a xenon tube for brightness. Since all these cars have an electronic ignition system, the timing light should have an inductive pickup which clamps around the No. 1 spark plug cable (the timing light illustrated has one of these pickups).

In addition to these basic tools, there are several other tools and gauges which, though not particularly necessary for basic tune-up work, you may find to be quite useful. These include:



A compression gauge. The screw-in type seals easily and eliminates the need for a remote starting switch during compression testing.
 
Manifold vacuum gauge.
 
A 12V DC test light.
 
Combination volt/ohmmeter.
 
An induction meter, used to determine whether or not there is current flowing through a wire.
 



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Fig. Fig. 6: Dwell/tachometer unit (typical)



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Fig. Fig. 7: Inductive type timing light



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Fig. Fig. 8: Compression gauge and a combination vacuum/fuel pressure test gauge

Finally, you will find a torque wrench necessary for all but the most basic of work. The beam-type models are perfectly adequate. The newer click-type (breakaway) and digital torque wrenches are more accurate, but are also much more expensive. All torque wrenches must be periodically recalibrated.



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Fig. Fig. 9: Many repairs will require the use of a torque wrench, here are three types that are commonly used



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Fig. Fig. 10: Although not always necessary, using specialized brake tools will save time



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Fig. Fig. 11: A few inexpensive lubrication tools will make regular service easier



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Fig. Fig. 12: Various pullers, clamps and separator tools are needed for the repair of many components



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Fig. Fig. 13: A variety of tools and gauges are needed for spark plug service

 
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