OIL LEVEL CHECK
The engine oil level indicator (dipstick) is located at the front center of the engine compartment. The oil level indicator handle generally has a yellow loop design or a T-handle, for easy identification.
- At each fuel fill, turn the engine OFF and give the oil a few minutes to drain back into the oil pan.
- Pull the dipstick out of the dipstick tube, clean it with a paper towel or cloth to remove splash oil, then fully reinsert the dipstick all the way.
- Remove the dipstick again, keeping the tip down, and check the level. The dipstick should either have a crosshatched area, or marks indicating the maximum (FULL) and minimum (ADD) oil levels. Approximately one quart of oil will raise the oil level from the ADD mark to the FULL mark. Do not overfill.
OIL AND FILTER CHANGE
- Raise and safely support the vehicle using safety stands.
- Position a drain pan of at least 5 quarts capacity under the oil pan. Wipe road dirt and debris from around the oil drain plug with a cloth.
- Loosen the drain plug using a ratchet, short extension and socket or a box-end wrench. Turn the plug out by hand, using a cloth to shield your fingers if the engine oil is hot. Keep inward pressure on the plug as you unscrew it, so oil won't escape past the threads and you can remove it without being burned by hot oil.
- Quickly withdraw the drain plug and move your hands out of the way. Do not drop the drain plug. Allow the engine oil to drain completely. Clean the drain plug thoroughly, and inspect the gasket. If it is damaged, it should be replaced. Reinstall the cleaned drain plug. Do not overtighten the plug.
- Move the drain pan under the oil filter. Use a strap-type or cap-type wrench to loosen the oil filter. Remove the oil filter by rotating it counterclockwise. It contains nearly a quart of dirty oil and should be allowed to drain into the pan.
- Using a clean, lint-free cloth, wipe off the oil filter mounting surface where the rubber O-ring will seat.
- Lightly oil the replacement oil filter O-ring with clean engine oil. This is important since the oil will react with the rubber and cause the seal to slightly swell after installation. This means the filter will seal well without having to over-tighten the filter, causing removal difficulties next oil change. Install the oil filter by rotating it clockwise. After the oil filter O-ring contacts the oil filter mounting surface, continue to tighten 3 / 4 to 1 full turn. If necessary, use a cap-type wrench or strap-type wrench with a swivel handle to insure proper installation. DO NOT OVER-TIGHTEN.
- If raised, carefully lower the vehicle.
- Refill the engine with the correct amount of fresh engine oil. In nearly all cases, this will be five quarts of oil. Check the Capacities Chart in this section for the specifications for your vehicle.
- Check the level on the dipstick to verify the correct amount of oil has been added. It is normal for the level to be above the FULL mark until the engine has been run and oil has filled the filter. With the engine oil at the proper level, run the engine for about three minutes and thoroughly check the oil filter, oil pan, drain plug and surrounding areas for leaks.
- Used engine oil should be properly recycled. Do not dump drain oil.