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    GM Corsica/Beretta 1988-1996 Repair Guide

    General Information

    Print

    See Figures 1 and 2

    Beginning in 1991, driver's side air bags became standard equipment for the Beretta and Corsica vehicles. The Supplemental Inflatable Restraint (SIR) system offers protection in addition to that provided by the seat belt by deploying an air bag from the center of the steering wheel or dash panel. The air bag deploys when the vehicle is involved in a frontal crash of sufficient force up to 30° off the centerline of the vehicle. To further absorb the crash energy, there is also a knee bolster located beneath the instrument panel in the driver's area and the steering wheel is collapsible.



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Fig. 1: SIR system "deployment window"



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    Fig. Fig. 2: Your vehicle should have an SIR system sticker located in the engine compartment

    The system has an energy reserve, which can store a large enough electrical charge to deploy the air bag(s) for up to ten minutes after the battery has been disconnected or damaged. The system MUST be disabled before any service is performed on or around SIR components or SIR wiring.

    SYSTEM OPERATION



    The SIR system consists of a Diagnostic Energy Reserve Module (DERM), the driver inflator module, the SIR coil assembly, and the AIR BAG warning lamp in the instrument cluster. The DERM, SIR coil assembly, inflator module and connector wires make up the deployment loops. The function of the deployment loops is to supply current through the inflator modules, which will cause deployment of the air bag in the event of a frontal crash of sufficient force, up to 30 degrees off the centerline of the vehicle. The inflator modules are only supplied enough current to deploy when the DERM detects vehicle velocity changes severe enough the warrant deployment. The SDM supplies the necessary power, even if the battery has been damaged.

    The deployment loop is made up of the arming sensors, coil assembly, inflator module and the discriminating sensors. The inflator module is only supplied sufficient current when the arming sensor and at least one of the two discriminating sensors close simultaneously. The function of the SDM is to supply the deployment loop a 36 Volt Loop Reserve (36VLR) to assure sufficient voltage to deploy the air bag if ignition voltage is lost in a frontal crash.

    The DERM, in conjunction with the sensor resistors, makes it possible to detect circuit and component malfunctions within the deployment loop. If the voltages monitored by the DERM fall outside expected limits, the DERM will indicate a malfunction by storing a diagnostic trouble code and illuminating the AIR BAG lamp.

    SYSTEM COMPONENTS



    See Figures 3 and 4



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    Fig. Fig. 3: SIR system components - 1991-93 vehicles



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    Fig. Fig. 4: SIR system components - 1994-96 vehicles

    Diagnostic Energy Reserve Module (DERM)

    The DERM is designed to perform five main functions: energy reserve, malfunction detection, malfunction recording, driver notification and frontal crash recording.

    The DERM maintains a reserve voltage supply to provide deployment energy for a few seconds when the vehicle voltage is low or lost in a frontal crash. The DERM performs diagnostic monitoring of the SIR system and records malfunctions in the form of diagnostic trouble codes, which can be obtained from a hand scan tool and/or on-board diagnostics. The DERM warns the driver of SIR system malfunctions by controlling the AIR BAG warning lamp and records SIR system status during a frontal crash.

    Air Bag Warning Lamp

    The AIR BAG warning/indicator lamp is used to verify lamp and DERM operation by flashing 7 times when the ignition is first turned ON . It is also used to warn the driver of an SIR system malfunction.

    SIR Coil Assembly

    See Figure 5

    The SIR coil assembly consists of two current carrying coils. They are attached to the steering column and allow rotation of the steering wheel while maintaining continuous deployment loop contact through the inflator module.



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Fig. 5: SIR coil assembly

    There is a shorting bar on the lower steering column connector that connects the SIR coil to the SIR wiring harness. The shorting bar shorts the circuit when the connector is disengaged. The circuit to the inflator module is shorted in this way to prevent unwanted air bag deployment when servicing the steering column or other SIR components.

    Inflator Module

    See Figure 6

    The inflator module consists of an inflatable bag and an inflator (a canister of gas-generating material and an initiating device). When the vehicle is in a frontal crash of sufficient force to close the arming sensor and at least one discriminating sensor simultaneously, current flows through the deployment loop. Current passing through the initiator ignites the material in the inflator module, causing a reaction which produces a gas that rapidly inflates the air bag.

    All vehicles are equipped with a driver's side inflator module located in the steering wheel.



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    Fig. Fig. 6: Driver's side inflator module mounting

    SERVICE PRECAUTIONS



    See Figure 7



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    Fig. Fig. 7: When carrying a live inflator module, make sure that the bag and trim cover are pointed away from you. Never carry the inflator module by the wires or connector on the underside of the module



    When performing service around the SIR system components or wiring, the SIR system MUST be disabled. Failure to do so could result in possible air bag deployment, personal injury or unneeded SIR system repairs.
     
    When carrying a live inflator module, make sure that the bag and trim cover are pointed away from you. Never carry the inflator module by the wires or connector on the underside of the module. In case of accidental deployment, the bag will then deploy with minimal chance of injury.
     
    When placing a live inflator module on a bench or other surface, always face the bag and trim cover up, away from the surface.
     

    DISABLING THE SYSTEM



    See Figures 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12

    With the AIR BAG fuse removed and the ignition switch

    ON, the AIR BAG warning lamp will be on. The is normal and does not indicate any system malfunction.

    1. Turn the steering wheel so that the vehicle's wheels are pointing straight ahead.
    2.  
    3. Turn the ignition switch to LOCK , remove the key, then disconnect the negative battery cable.
    4.  
    5. Remove the AIR BAG fuse (fuse 3) from the fuse block.
    6.  
    7. Remove the steering column filler panel/left-hand sound insulator.
    8.  



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    Fig. Fig. 8: Unfasten the steering column filler panel retaining bolts/screws ...



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    Fig. Fig. 9: ... then remove the filler panel from under the steering column

    1. Disengage the Connector Position Assurance (CPA) and the yellow 2-way connector, located near the base of the steering column.
    2.  



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    Fig. Fig. 10: Remove the Connector Position Assurance (CPA) retaining clip (see arrow) from the SIR connector ...



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    Fig. Fig. 11: ... then detach the yellow 2-way SIR connector



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Fig. 12: Location of the driver side SIR connectors

    1. Connect the negative battery cable.
    2.  

    ENABLING THE SYSTEM



    See Figure 12

    1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
    2.  
    3. Turn the ignition switch to LOCK , then remove the key.
    4.  
    5. Engage the yellow SIR connector and corresponding CPA located near the base of the steering column.
    6.  
    7. Install the steering column filler panel/lower trim panel.
    8.  
    9. Install the AIR BAG fuse (fuse 3) to the fuse block.
    10.  
    11. Connect the negative battery cable.
    12.  
    13. Turn the ignition switch to RUN and make sure that the AIR BAG warning lamp flashes seven times and then shuts off. If the warning lamp does not shut off, make sure that the wiring is properly connected. If the light remains on, take the vehicle to a reputable repair facility for service.
    14.  

     
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