GM: Electra/Park Avenue/Ninety-Eight 1990-1993

Oldsmobile Inflatable Restraint (IR) Air Bag System

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Fig. Fig. 1 Air system components



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Fig. Fig. 2 Remove this fuse when disarming the system

SYSTEM OPERATION



The air bag system last used on the 1990 Ninety Eight is referred to as the Inflatable Restraint (ir) system. The air bag is designed to deploy when the vehicle is involved in a front end collision of sufficient force, up to 30 degrees off center line of the vehicle. The steering column still continues to be collapsible, the same as vehicle without an air bag.

This system has an energy reserve, which can store a large enough electrical charge to deploy the air bag for a period of 15 seconds after the battery has been disconnected or damaged. This system must be disabled if any service is to be performed on the ir system or steering wheel assembly.

The system consists of a control module known as the Passenger Compartment Sensor/Diagnostic Module (pcsdm), a power supply module, Energy Reserve Module (erm), steering wheel or inflator module, a coil assembly that assures electrical continuity to the inflator module as the steering wheel is turned, forward sensor, arming sensor, and an indicator lamp. Diagnostics are carried out by the pcsdm.

SYSTEM COMPONENTS



Passenger Compartment Sensor/Diagnostic Module

The pcsdm contains the passenger compartment sensor and the diagnostic module. The diagnostic module processes the vehicle deceleration and forward sensor signal to determine if deployment is necessary. A deployment signal is sent to the inflator module when the forward sensor or when passenger compartment sensor closes and the arming sensor closes at the same time. This module also controls the indicator lamp.

This system can store codes, but they must be read with tester J-36884, or equivalent. This system utilizes the indicator lamp to warn of a problem, but flash code diagnostics are not possible.

Arming and Forward Sensors

All sensors are specifically calibrated to each series vehicle and keyed to the mounting brackets. Great care must be taken to mount the correct sensors on the vehicle being serviced. The sensors, mounting brackets and wiring harness must never be modified from original design.

The forward sensor is a normally open switch. In an accident, the sensor closes and the electrical circuit is complete. If the forward sensor and the arming sensor close at the same time the air bag will deploy.

The arming sensor is a normally open switch that closes during deceleration encountered in an accident. The arming sensor is wired in series with the steering module. A resistor is connected in parallel with the switch and allows a small amount of current to flow through the circuit for diagnostic purposes.

Power Supply Module

The power supply module provides a boosted voltage to the ir system to ensure deployment during low voltage conditions, perform limited internal diagnostics and monitor the integrity of the ir wiring and 8-terminal connector.

Energy Reserve Module

The reserve module provides sufficient electrical power to deploy the air bag even if the vehicle battery is damaged or disconnected.

Inflator Module

The inflator module, consists of the air bag, electrical initiator and inflator assembly. If an accident occurs, the inflatable bag is deployed by a gas producing generator. The trim cover opens at the seam as the bag is deployed.

Indicator Lamp

The red inflatable restraint lamp will light for 5-15 seconds when the ignition is turned no . This informs the driver that the system is functioning properly. If the lamp does not operate correctly, this indicates an ir system fault and the system should be checked.

Fuse Panel

Some vehicles with have a specific fuse panel located in the lower instrument panel trim pad. It is hinged to swing out for easy access. On other models the ir fuse is located with the other fuses.

Knee Bolster

The knee bolster is used to absorb energy and control the driver's forward movement during an accident by limiting leg movement.

Wiring Harness and Connectors

The wiring harness and connectors for the ir system are of special design. Any wiring repairs should be done using tool kit J-38125, or equivalent. Always use the crimp and seal splice sleeves contained in this wiring repair kit. If damage is done to a component pigtail the component must be replaced.

The Initiator circuit has a special yellow shorting bar connectors that help prevent accidental deployment during service. The ir wire harness components are part of the body wiring harness assembly. Sections of harness which include more than a 1 ir wire are wrapped in yellow tape.

SERVICE PRECAUTIONS




CAUTION
To avoid personal injury as a result of deployment when servicing the ir system or components in the immediate area, do not use electrical test equipment such as battery or A.C. powered voltmeter, ohmmeter, etc. or any type of tester other than specified. Do not use a non-powered probe tester. Instructions must be followed in order and in detail.



Never disconnect any electrical connection with the ignition switch on unless instructed to do so in a test.
 
Always wear a grounded wrist static strap when servicing any control module or component labeled with a Electrostatic Discharge (esd) sensitive device symbol.
 
Avoid touching module connector pins.
 
Leave new components and modules in the shipping package until ready to install them.
 
Always touch a vehicle ground after sliding across a vehicle seat or walking across vinyl or carpeted floors to avoid static charge damage.
 
The energy reserve module can maintain sufficient voltage to cause a deployment for up to 10 minutes on some vehicles, even if the battery is disconnected.
 
Sensor mounting and wiring must never be modified.
 
Never strike or jar a sensor, or deployment could happen.
 
Never power up the ir system when any sensor is not rigidly attached to the vehicle.
 
Always carry an steering wheel (inflator) module with the trim cover away from your body.
 
Always place an steering wheel (inflator) module on the workbench with the trim cover up, away from loose objects.
 
The steering wheel (inflator) module is to be stored and shipped under dot flammable solid regulations.
 
The steering wheel (inflator) module must be deployed before it is scrapped.
 
After deployment the air bag surface may contain sodium hydroxide dust. Always wear gloves and safety glasses when handling the assembly. Wash hands with mild soap and water afterwards.
 
Any visible damage to sensors requires component replacement.
 
Wire and connector repair must be performed using kit J-38125-A, or equivalent. Use special crimping tools, heat torch and seals.
 
Absolutely no wire connector, or terminal repair is to be attempted on the arming sensor, forward sensors, inflator module or ir coil assembly.
 
Never use a battery or A.C. powered test light or tester on the ir system or deployment could occur.
 
Never use an ohmmeter on the ir system, unless instructed to do so, or deployment could occur.
 
Never bake dry paint on vehicle or allow to exceed temperatures over 300°F, without disabling the ir system and removing the inflator module.
 
Sensors are not interchangeable between models or years.
 
Never allow welding cables to lay on, near or across any vehicle electrical wiring.
 
Avoid extension cords for power tools or droplights to lay on, near or across any vehicle electrical wiring.
 
If the vehicle is equipped with an optional passenger power, do not connect the seat power feed harness to the ir diagnostic module terminal connector, since damage to the ir diagnostic module may result.
 
Follow repair and removal and installation procedures in the correct order to avoid unnecessary repairs. Torque fasteners to specifications.
 

DISARMING THE SYSTEM



Proper and safe operation requires the sensor, brackets and wiring to be installed in the exact locations of design. All components service must be exactly aligned and tighten to exact torque specification. It is not advisable to service the air bag system. The information provided is to help you understand the system and disarm the system if other non-air bag system service are to be performed.

  1. Read all service precautions.
  2.  
  3. Turn the steering wheel so wheels are facing straight ahead and turn the ignition switch to lock .
  4.  
  5. Disconnect the negative battery cable and tape the end of cable to avoid possible terminal contact.
  6.  


CAUTION
To avoid personal injury, wait at least 30 minutes after disconnecting the battery cable before servicing the ir system. Servicing the ir system during that period of time may result in personal injury.

  1. Remove the ir fuse.
  2.  

ARMING THE SYSTEM



  1. Read all service precautions.
  2.  
  3. Disconnect the negative battery cable and tape the end of cable to avoid possible terminal contact. Remove the ir fuse.
  4.  
  5. Reconnect the ir inflator connector at the base of the steering column, if disconnected.
  6.  
  7. Install the sound insulator and lamp, if removed.
  8.  
  9. Install the ir fuse and connect the battery cable.
  10.  
  11. Turn the ignition switch to the run position and observe the supplemental inflatable restraint lamp on the instrument cluster. The lamp should remain lit for 5-15 seconds, and then go out. If the lamp does anything else, have the system checked.
  12.  

AIR BAG SYSTEM INSPECTION FOLLOWING DEPLOYMENT



Proper operation of the sensors and ir system requires that any repairs to the vehicle structure return it to its original production configuration. Deployment requires replacement of the inflator module, arming sensor and pcsdm. Any visible damage to the sensors and/or their respective mounting brackets requires replacement, whether a deployment has occurred or not.

All components, including harnesses and brackets, must be inspected. Any wiring damage must only be repaired using repair kit J-38125-A. If the air bag was deployed, inspect the coil assembly for scorching or melting damage and replace if necessary. Never attempt to repair any ir system parts. Service is by replacement only. Never interchange parts from another vehicle.

The steering column jacket assembly should be visually checked for damage and collapsing or felt for looseness when pushed or pulled by hand. The steering shaft should be checked for shearing of the injected plastic, requiring the replacement of the steering shaft. The steering shaft runout must be checked if the collision caused frame damage that could have bent the steering shaft.

 
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