GM Firebird 1967-1981 Repair Guide

Steering Linkage

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See Figures 1 through 7

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Fig. Fig. 1: Identification of the steering linkage components used on all models



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Fig. Fig. 2: The tie rod end (A) is secured to the steering knuckle (B) with a castellated nut and cotter pin (C)



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Fig. Fig. 3: To remove the tie rod end, loosen the toe-in adjuster fitting ...



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Fig. Fig. 4: ... then remove the cotter pin from the castellated nut



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Fig. Fig. 5: Matchmark the outer tie-rod to the adjuster fitting for reinstallation ...



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Fig. Fig. 6: ... then remove the castellated nut from the tie rod end



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Fig. Fig. 7: Separate the tie rod from the steering knuckle a press-out tool will be needed

REMOVAL & INSTALLATION Tie Rods



  1. Raise the vehicle and support securely.
  2.  
  3. Remove the cotter pins from the ball studs and remove the castellated nuts.
  4.  
  5. Remove the outer ball stud by tapping on the steering arm at the tie rod end with a heavy hammer on the other side of the steering arm as a backing. If necessary, pull downward on the tie rod to disconnect it from the steering arm.
  6.  
  7. Remove the inner ball stud from the relay rod using a similar procedure.
  8.  
  9. Remove the tie rod end or ends to be replaced by loosening the clamp bolt and unscrewing them.
  10.  
  11. Lubricate tie rod threads with chassis grease and install new tie rod end(s). Make sure both ends are an equal distance from the tie rod and tighten clamp bolts.
  12.  
  13. Make sure ball studs, tapered surfaces, and all threaded surfaces are clean and smooth, and free of grease. Install seals on the ball studs. Install the ball stud in the steering arm and relay rod.
  14.  
  15. Rotate both inner and outer tie rod housings rearward to the limit of ball joint travel before tightening clamps. Make sure clamp slots and sleeve slots are aligned before tightening the bolts in the horizontal position to 45 degrees upward (in the forward direction) when the tie rod is in its normal position. Make sure the tie rod end stays in position relative to the rod during the tightening operation. Tighten the clamps, and return the assembly to the center of its travel.
  16.  
  17. Install the ball stud nuts and tighten to 35 ft. lbs. Then tighten (do not loosen) further as required to align cotter pin holes in studs and nuts. Install new cotter pins.
  18.  
  19. Lubricate the new tie rod ends and lower the vehicle.
  20.  

 
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