GM Firebird 1982-1992 Repair Guide

Struts

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REMOVAL & INSTALLATION



See Figures 1, 2, 3 and 4



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Fig. Fig. 1: Strut removal



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Fig. Fig. 2: Matchmarking the strut brace position



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Fig. Fig. 3: Removing the strut brace nuts



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Fig. Fig. 4: Lifting out the strut

  1. Place the ignition key in the unlocked position so that the front wheels can be moved.
  2.  
  3. From inside the engine compartment, remove the upper strut to upper mount nut.
  4.  


CAUTION
Do not attempt to move the vehicle with the upper strut fastener disconnected.

  1. Raise the front of the vehicle and position safety stands under the vehicle.
  2.  
  3. Remove the wheel and tire assembly.
  4.  
  5. Remove the brake caliper without disconnecting the fluid hose, and hang out of the way on a wire. Do not allow the caliper to hang by its fluid hose.
  6.  
  7. Remove the two lower bolts attaching the strut to the steering knuckle.
  8.  
  9. Lift the strut up from the steering knuckle to compress the rod, then pull down and remove the strut.
  10.  

To install:
  1. Half extend the rod through the upper mount, then hand-start the upper fastener, engaging as many threads as possible.
  2.  
  3. Extend the strut and position it onto the steering knuckle.
  4.  
  5. Install the lower mount bolts hand-tight.
  6.  
  7. Tighten the upper fastener fully.
  8.  
  9. Fully tighten the lower bolts only when the front suspension is on the ground. Torque the steering knuckle-to-strut nuts to 125 ft. lbs. (170 Nm) followed by a 120 degree turn. Do not exceed a final torque of 148 Ft. lbs. (200 Nm).
  10.  
  11. Install the brake caliper
  12.  
  13. Install the wheel and tire assembly.
  14.  
  15. Lower the front of the vehicle.
  16.  
  17. From inside the engine compartment, tighten the upper strut to upper mount nut to 44 ft. lbs. (60 Nm).
  18.  
  19. Have the front end aligned.
  20.  

OVERHAUL



The OEM domestic struts are serviced by replacement of the entire unit. There is no strut cartridge to replace.

 
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