GM Full Size Vans 1967-1986 Repair Guide

Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR)

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DESCRIPTION



The EGR system and valve were introduced in 1973. Its purpose is to control oxides of nitrogen which are formed during the peak combustion temperatures. The end products of combustion are relatively inert gases derived from the exhaust gases which are directed into the EGR valve to help lower peak combustion temperatures.

The EGR valve contains a vacuum diaphragm operated by manifold vacuum. The vacuum signal port is located in the carburetor body and is exposed to engine vacuum in the off/idle and part throttle operation. In 1974, a thermal delay switch was added to delay operation of the valve during engine warmup, when NOx levels are already at a minimum.

On inline sixes, the EGR valve is located on the intake manifold adjacent to the carburetor. On V6 and V8 engines, the valve is located on the right rear side of the intake manifold adjacent to the rocker arm cover.

TESTING



See Figure 1



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Fig. Fig. 1: Some EGR valves may be tested using a vacuum pump by watching for diaphragm movement

The EGR valve is not serviceable, except for replacement. To check the valve, proceed as follows:

  1. Connect a tachometer to the engine.
  2.  
  3. With the engine running at normal operating temperature, with the choke valve fully open, set the engine rpm at 2000. The transmission should be in Park (automatic) or Neutral (manual) with the parking brake On and the wheels blocked.
  4.  
  5. Disconnect the vacuum hose at the valve. Make sure that vacuum is available at the valve and look at the tachometer to see if the engine speed increases. If it does, the system is OK.
  6.  
  7. If necessary, replace the valve.
  8.  

REMOVAL & INSTALLATION



See Figures 2 through 6



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Fig. Fig. 2: Remove the air cleaner assembly from the vehicle



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Fig. Fig. 3: Unfasten the EGR valve retaining bolts ...



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Fig. Fig. 4: ... then remove the EGR valve and gasket



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Fig. Fig. 5: Common location and mounting of the EGR valve on the inline six cylinder engine



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Fig. Fig. 6: Common EGR valve mounting-V8 engines

  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Remove the air cleaner assembly from the engine.
  4.  
  5. Remove the EGR valve vacuum tube from the valve.
  6.  
  7. Remove the EGR bolts and/or nuts and remove the EGR valve and gasket.
  8.  

To install:
  1. Install a new gasket to the EGR valve and install the EGR valve to the manifold.
  2.  
  3. Install the nuts and/or bolts. Tighten the bolts to 17 ft. lbs. (24 Nm) and the nuts to 15 ft. lbs. (20 Nm).
  4.  
  5. Connect the vacuum tube to the EGR valve.
  6.  
  7. Install the air cleaner and connect the negative battery cable.
  8.  

 
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