GM Lumina/Grand Prix/Cutlass Supreme/Regal 1988-1996

Engine

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REMOVAL & INSTALLATION




CAUTION
The EPA warns that prolonged contact with used engine oil may cause a number of skin disorders, including cancer! You should make every effort to minimize your exposure to used engine oil. Protective gloves should be worn when changing the oil. Wash your hands and any other exposed skin areas as soon as possible after exposure to used engine oil. Soap and water, or waterless hand cleaner should be used.

In the process of removing the engine, you will come across a number of steps which call for the removal of a separate component or system, i.e. "disconnect the exhaust system'' or "remove the radiator.'' In most instances, a detailed removal procedure can be found elsewhere in this information.

It is virtually impossible to list each individual wire and hose which must be disconnected, simply because so many different model and engine combinations have been manufactured. Careful observation and common sense are the best possible additions to any repair procedure. Be absolutely sure to tag and wire or hose before it is disconnected, so that you can be assured of proper reconnection during installation.

2.2L Engine
  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. With the help of an assistant, matchmark the hood hinges, then remove the hood.
  4.  
  5. Properly relieve the fuel system pressure.
  6.  
  7. Remove the air cleaner and duct assembly.
  8.  
  9. Properly drain the cooling system into an approved container.
  10.  
  11. Remove the engine torque strut, as follows:
    1. Unfasten the torque strut-to-engine bracket bolt and nut.
    2.  
    3. Remove the torque strut-to-upper tie bar bracket bolt and nut, then remove the torque strut.
    4.  

  12.  
  13. Remove the air intake silencer assembly.
  14.  
  15. Remove the coolant recovery reservoir.
  16.  
  17. Disconnect the upper radiator hose at the engine, then disconnect the lower radiator/heater hose at the water pump, at the rear of the engine.
  18.  
  19. Detach the brake booster vacuum hose at the intake manifold.
  20.  
  21. Disconnect the throttle control cables at the throttle body.
  22.  
  23. Remove the serpentine drive belt, as outlined in Routine Maintenance of this repair guide.
  24.  
  25. Detach the electrical connection, unfasten retaining screws at the right side engine cooling fan, then remove the fan.
  26.  
  27. Remove the power steering pump. Refer to Suspension & Steering for details regarding this procedure.
  28.  
  29. Disconnect the fuel lines.
  30.  
  31. Unfasten the retaining screws, then remove the alternator heat shield.
  32.  
  33. Detach the electrical connections at the alternator.
  34.  
  35. Disengage the electrical connector at the exhaust oxygen sensor.
  36.  
  37. Unfasten the nuts retaining the engine torque strut mount bracket, battery cable/ground wires, bracket at the bellhousing and the bolt retaining the torque strut bracket at the engine lift bracket.
  38.  
  39. Raise and safely support the vehicle.
  40.  
  41. Unfasten the retaining screws, then remove the flywheel cover. Remove the flywheel-to-torque converter retaining bolts.
  42.  
  43. Disconnect the front exhaust pipe from the exhaust manifold.
  44.  
  45. Carefully lower the vehicle.
  46.  
  47. Rotate the engine and install the strut to the bolt hole in the engine lift bracket and torque strut mount bracket. This holds the engine forward and gives access to the rear of the engine.
  48.  
  49. Detach the electrical connections at the starter motor and the ground wires at the engine block in front of the starter.
  50.  
  51. Unfasten the bolts retaining the A/C compressor to the mount bracket, then position the compressor aside.
  52.  
  53. Remove the bolts retaining the engine to the transaxle bracket at the transaxle.
  54.  
  55. Disconnect the vacuum hose at the intake manifold.
  56.  
  57. Detach the electrical connections at the Vehicle Speed Sensor (VSS), knock sensor, engine block ground wires and the wire harness clamp nut under the intake manifold.
  58.  
  59. Disengage the electrical connectors at the throttle body and injector harness. Leave the harness on the injectors and pull the harness from the manifold.
  60.  
  61. Remove the bellhousing-to-engine bolts/nuts, ground wires and battery ground cable.
  62.  
  63. Remove the engine torque struts.
  64.  
  65. Install a suitable engine lifting device.
  66.  
  67. With the help of an assistant, pull the engine assembly halfway out.
  68.  
  69. Detach the electrical connections at the ignition module, then carefully remove the engine from the vehicle.
  70.  

To install:
  1. Partially install the engine to the vehicle, then attach the electrical connectors at the ignition module.
  2.  
  3. Carefully lower the engine into the vehicle, with the help of an assistant, then remove the engine lifting device.
  4.  
  5. Install the engine torque struts.
  6.  
  7. Fasten the bellhousing-to-engine retaining bolts/nuts, the ground wires and the battery ground cable.
  8.  
  9. Attach the electrical connector at the throttle body and injector harness.
  10.  
  11. Engage the electrical connectors at the speed sensor, knock sensor, engine block ground wires and the wire harness clamp nut under the intake manifold.
  12.  
  13. Connect the vacuum hose at the intake manifold.
  14.  
  15. Install the bolts retaining the engine-to-transaxle bracket at the transaxle.
  16.  
  17. Position the A/C compressor, then install the bolts retaining the compressor to the mount bracket.
  18.  
  19. Attach the electrical connections at the starter motor and ground wires at the engine block in front of the starter.
  20.  
  21. Push the engine back and remove the strut-to-bolt hole in the engine lift bracket and torque strut mount bracket.
  22.  
  23. Attach the front exhaust pipe to the manifold.
  24.  
  25. Install the engine mount-to-frame nuts.
  26.  
  27. Fasten the flywheel-to-torque converter retaining bolts.
  28.  
  29. Position the flywheel cover, then install the retaining screws.
  30.  
  31. Carefully lower the vehicle.
  32.  
  33. Install the nuts retaining the engine torque strut mount bracket, battery cable/ground wires, bracket at the bellhousing and the bolt retaining the torque strut bracket at the engine lift bracket.
  34.  
  35. Attach the electrical connections at the oxygen sensor.
  36.  
  37. Engage the electrical connectors at the alternator. Install the alternator heat shield, and secure with the retaining screws.
  38.  
  39. Connect the fuel lines.
  40.  
  41. Install the power steering pump and secure with the retaining bolts. For details, please refer to the procedure in Suspension & Steering of this repair guide.
  42.  
  43. Position the right side cooling fan, secure with the retaining screws and attach the electrical connection.
  44.  
  45. Install the serpentine belt, as outlined in Routine Maintenance of this repair guide.
  46.  
  47. Connect the throttle control cables at the throttle body.
  48.  
  49. Fasten the brake booster hose at the throttle body.
  50.  
  51. Connect the lower radiator/heater hose at the water pump, at the rear of the engine.
  52.  
  53. Attach the upper radiator hose at the engine.
  54.  
  55. Install the coolant recovery reservoir.
  56.  
  57. Install the air intake silencer assembly.
  58.  
  59. Install the engine torque strut, as follows:
    1. Position the torque strut, then install the strut-to-upper tie bar bracket bolt and nut.
    2.  
    3. Install the torque strut-to-engine bracket bolt and nut and tighten to 39 ft. lbs. (53 Nm).
    4.  

  60.  
  61. Properly fill the engine cooling system.
  62.  
  63. Install the air cleaner and duct assembly.
  64.  
  65. With the help of an assistant, install the hood.
  66.  
  67. Connect the negative battery cable, inspect the fluid levels, then start the engine and check for proper operations and/or leaks.
  68.  

2.3L Engine

See Figures 1 and 2



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 1: Make sure the engine-to-transaxle fasteners are in the correct positions



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 2: Transaxle-to-engine tightening specifications

  1. If equipped with A/C, have a certified repair shop recover the refrigerant using the proper equipment.
  2.  
  3. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  4.  
  5. Relieve the fuel system pressure, as outlined in Fuel System of this repair guide.
  6.  
  7. Properly drain the engine cooling system into an approved container.
  8.  
  9. Scribe a mark around the hood hinges, then remove the hood with the help of an assistant.
  10.  
  11. Remove the heater hoses at the heater core and thermostat housing.
  12.  
  13. Disconnect the radiator upper (inlet) hose.
  14.  
  15. Remove the air cleaner-to-throttle body duct..
  16.  
  17. If equipped with A/C, remove the compressor and condenser hose at the compressor.
  18.  
  19. Tag and disconnect the two vacuum hoses from the front of the engine.
  20.  
  21. Label and detach the following electrical connectors:

    Alternator
     
    A/C compressor (if equipped)
     
    Fuel injector harness (position the harness aside)
     

  22.  
  23. Detach the electrical connectors from the starter solenoid
  24.  
  25. Disengage the ground connections at the front of the engine, and the negative battery cable from the transaxle.
  26.  
  27. Tag and detach the following electrical connectors:

    Ignition coil and module assembly
     
    Coolant sensors (there are 2)
     
    Oil pressure sensor/switch
     
    Knock sensor
     
    Oxygen sensor
     
    Idle Air Control (IAC) valve and Throttle Position Sensor (TPS) at the throttle body and position the harness aside
     

  28.  
  29. Disconnect the power brake vacuum hose from the throttle body, then remove the throttle cable and bracket.
  30.  
  31. Remove the power steering pump, hydraulic lines and the front/rear brackets.
  32.  
  33. Remove the power steering pivot bolt and drive belt.
  34.  
  35. If not done already, relieve the fuel system pressure and disconnect the fuel lines.
  36.  
  37. Remove the engine torque strut mounts.
  38.  
  39. For vehicles equipped with an automatic transaxle, remove the transaxle fill tube.
  40.  
  41. Remove the exhaust heat shield.
  42.  
  43. As outlined in Routine Maintenance of this repair guide, remove the serpentine belt.
  44.  
  45. Remove the upper transaxle-to-engine bolts.
  46.  
  47. Raise and safely support the vehicle.
  48.  
  49. Unfasten the exhaust pipe-to-manifold bolts.
  50.  
  51. Remove the remaining transaxle-to-cylinder block retaining bolts.
  52.  
  53. Remove the exhaust-to-transaxle brace.
  54.  
  55. Disconnect the lower radiator (outlet) hose.
  56.  
  57. Remove the flywheel or converter cover.
  58.  
  59. Scribe a mark on the torque converter and flywheel. Unfasten the retaining nuts and remove the torque converter.
  60.  
  61. Remove the transaxle-to-engine bracket.
  62.  
  63. Remove the lower engine mount.
  64.  
  65. Carefully lower the vehicle.
  66.  
  67. Properly support the transaxle.
  68.  
  69. Install a suitable engine lifting fixture and remove the engine. Disconnect the vacuum lines and pull the vacuum harness back through the front lift bracket.
  70.  

To install:

Make sure all the engine mounting bolts are in their correct location to prevent transaxle and engine damage.

  1. Install the engine to a lifting fixture and position the engine in the vehicle. With the help of an assistant, align the engine to transaxle. Make sure the bolts are in the proper locations, as shown in the accompanying figure. If not engine damage may occur. Tighten to the specifications shown.
  2.  
  3. Raise and safely support the vehicle.
  4.  
  5. Install the transaxle-to-engine brace.
  6.  
  7. Apply a suitable thread locking compound, then install the torque converter-to-flywheel bolts. Tighten the bolts to 46 ft. lbs. (63 Nm). Install the flywheel cover.
  8.  
  9. At the right side of the vehicle, install the engine mount bolt.
  10.  
  11. Connect the lower (outlet) radiator hose.
  12.  
  13. Attach the ground connections at the front of the engine and the negative battery cable to the transaxle.
  14.  
  15. Fasten the A/C compressor (if equipped) and alternator electrical harnesses.
  16.  
  17. If equipped with A/C, connect the compressor and condenser hose at the compressor.
  18.  
  19. Connect the lower heater hose.
  20.  
  21. Install the exhaust-to-transaxle brace.
  22.  
  23. Fasten the exhaust pipe-to-manifold bolts.
  24.  
  25. Carefully lower the vehicle.
  26.  
  27. Install the serpentine drive belt, as outlined in Routine Maintenance of this repair guide.
  28.  
  29. Install the exhaust heat shield. Tighten the exhaust bolts to 22 ft. lbs. (30 Nm).
  30.  
  31. Install the front upper engine mounts.
  32.  
  33. Connect the fuel lines.
  34.  
  35. Install the power steering pump, lines and drive belt.
  36.  
  37. Install the throttle cable and bracket. Connect the power brake vacuum hose to the throttle body.
  38.  
  39. Attach the following electrical connectors, as tagged during removal:

    Oxygen sensor
     
    Knock sensor
     
    Oil pressure sensor/switch
     
    Coolant sensors
     
    Ignition coil and module assembly
     
    TPS sensor and IAC valve at the throttle body
     

  40.  
  41. Attach the electrical connectors to the starter solenoid.
  42.  
  43. Connect the two vacuum hoses to the front of the engine.
  44.  
  45. Install the air cleaner-to-throttle body duct.
  46.  
  47. Connect the upper radiator hose. Fill the radiator with coolant until the coolant reaches the heater hose water outlet, then install the hose. This assists with the complete cylinder block fill. Finish filling the cooling system.
  48.  
  49. Check the engine oil level, and add as necessary.
  50.  
  51. Fill and bleed the power steering system.
  52.  
  53. Install the hood assembly with the help of an assistant.
  54.  
  55. Recheck all procedures for completion of repair.
  56.  
  57. Recheck all fluid levels.
  58.  
  59. Connect the negative battery cable. Start the engine and check for fluid leaks.
  60.  
  61. If equipped, have a certified repair shop evacuate and recharge the A/C system.
  62.  

2.5L Engine

1990-91 VEHICLES

  1. Properly relieve the fuel system pressure as outlined in Fuel System of this repair guide.
  2.  
  3. Disconnect the negative, then the positive battery cables.
  4.  
  5. Place a suitable drainPan under the radiator drain valve and drain the engine coolant into a suitable container.
  6.  
  7. Remove the air cleaner assembly.
  8.  
  9. Mark the hood hinges with a scribe mark, then remove the hood assembly.
  10.  
  11. Mark and remove all engine wiring. Place all the wire assemblies out of the way.
  12.  
  13. Tag and disconnect the vacuum, heater and radiator hoses.
  14.  
  15. If equipped, remove the A/C from the engine and position it aside with the lines attached. Do NOT disconnect the hoses from the compressor.
  16.  
  17. Remove the alternator and bracket.
  18.  
  19. Remove the engine torque strut.
  20.  
  21. Unfasten the throttle and transaxle linkage.
  22.  
  23. Remove the transaxle-to-engine bolts except the 2 upper bolts.
  24.  
  25. Raise and safely support the vehicle.
  26.  
  27. Unfasten the engine mount-to-frame nuts.
  28.  
  29. Remove the exhaust pipe from the manifold.
  30.  
  31. Remove the flywheel cover.
  32.  
  33. Unfasten the torque converter-to-flywheel bolts.
  34.  
  35. Remove the starter motor. For details, please refer to the procedure in Engine Electrical of this repair guide.
  36.  
  37. Unfasten the power steering pump and position it aside with the lines attached.
  38.  
  39. Disconnect the fuel lines at the throttle body assembly.
  40.  
  41. Unfasten the retaining bolts, then remove the rear engine support bracket.
  42.  
  43. Support the transaxle assembly with a suitable holding fixture or jack.
  44.  
  45. Separate the transaxle from the engine.
  46.  
  47. Attach an suitable engine lifting device, then remove the engine from the vehicle.
  48.  
  49. Place the engine on a suitable workstand.
  50.  

To install:
  1. Place the engine assembly onto a lifting device.
  2.  
  3. With an assistant, install the engine into the vehicle. Remove the lifting device.
  4.  
  5. Position the engine into the engine mounts and engage the transaxle with the engine.
  6.  
  7. Remove the transaxle support fixture.
  8.  
  9. Install the rear support bracket bolts.
  10.  
  11. Install the engine mount nuts. Tighten to 35 ft. lbs. (47 Nm).
  12.  
  13. Install the rear transaxle bracket bolts. Tighten all bolts except the right bolt to 35 ft. lbs. (48 Nm). Tighten the right bolt to 61 ft. lbs. (83 Nm).
  14.  
  15. Connect the fuel lines to the throttle body assembly.
  16.  
  17. Install power steering pump.
  18.  
  19. Install the starter motor assembly as outlined in Engine Electrical of this repair guide.
  20.  
  21. Install the torque converter-to-flywheel bolts. Tighten the torque converter bolts to 55 ft. lbs. (75 Nm).
  22.  
  23. Install the flywheel cover plate.
  24.  
  25. Fasten the exhaust pipe to the manifold.
  26.  
  27. Install the engine torque strut.
  28.  
  29. Install the alternator and bracket.
  30.  
  31. If equipped, install the A/C compressor.
  32.  
  33. Connect the heater, radiator and vacuum hoses.
  34.  
  35. Install the throttle and transaxle linkages.
  36.  
  37. Attach all engine wiring harnesses as tagged during removal.
  38.  
  39. With the help of an assistant, install the hood assembly.
  40.  
  41. Fill the cooling system with the proper type and quantity of engine coolant.
  42.  
  43. Connect the positive, then the negative battery cables.
  44.  
  45. Install the air cleaner assembly.
  46.  
  47. Check for proper fluid levels, then start the vehicle and inspect for any fluid leaks.
  48.  

1992 VEHICLES
  1. Matchmark the hood hinges for installation reference and remove the hood.
  2.  

For the procedure to relieve the fuel system pressure, please refer to Fuel System of this information.

  1. Properly relieve the fuel system pressure and disconnect the negative, then the positive battery cables.
  2.  
  3. Properly drain the cooling system into an approved container.
  4.  
  5. Remove the coolant recovery reservoir.
  6.  
  7. Remove the air cleaner assembly.
  8.  
  9. Detach the plastic ECM cover.
  10.  
  11. Remove the serpentine drive belt, as outlined in Routine Maintenance of this repair guide.
  12.  
  13. Unfasten the radiator and heater hose clamps, then disconnect the hoses at the engine.
  14.  
  15. Disconnect the throttle control cables and position them aside.
  16.  
  17. Rotate the engine forward, as outlined earlier in this information.
  18.  
  19. Unfasten the power steering pump bolts, then position the pump aside. Do NOT disconnect the fluid lines.
  20.  
  21. Rotate the engine back to its original position.
  22.  
  23. Raise and safely support the vehicle.
  24.  
  25. Unfasten the front exhaust pipe bolts at the converter and manifold.
  26.  
  27. Remove the starter motor. For details, please refer to the procedure located in Engine Electrical of this repair guide.
  28.  
  29. Detach the right engine splash shield.
  30.  
  31. Unfasten the flywheel-to-torque converter bolts.
  32.  
  33. Remove the transaxle support bracket-to-transaxle bolts.
  34.  
  35. Unfasten the engine and transaxle mount nuts at the frame.
  36.  
  37. Carefully lower the vehicle.
  38.  
  39. Unfasten the front exhaust pipe bracket bolts and detach the exhaust pipe.
  40.  
  41. Tag and detach the engine electrical connectors.
  42.  
  43. Unfasten the engine wiring harness clips.
  44.  
  45. If equipped, unfasten the A/C compressor bolts and use a piece of wire or coathanger to hang the compressor aside. Do NOT disconnect the refrigerant lines.
  46.  
  47. Detach the fuel line quick connect fittings. Unfasten the fuel line bracket screws and remove the bracket. Remove the fuel line bracket at the transaxle bolt.
  48.  
  49. Tag and disconnect all necessary vacuum lines.
  50.  
  51. Remove the exhaust pipe bracket at the transaxle bolt.
  52.  
  53. Unfasten the transaxle-to-engine bolts. Support the transaxle with a suitable fixture.
  54.  
  55. Attach a suitable engine lifting device. Carefully lift the engine from the vehicle.
  56.  
  57. Unfasten the flywheel bolts, remove the flywheel and spacer.
  58.  
  59. Place the engine on an engine stand.
  60.  

To install:
  1. Remove the engine from the engine stand.
  2.  
  3. Install the spacer, flywheel and secure with the retaining bolts.
  4.  
  5. Use the engine lifting device to position the engine into the vehicle.
  6.  
  7. Remove the lifting device.
  8.  
  9. Install the transaxle-to-engine bolts and tighten to 55 ft. lbs. (75 Nm).
  10.  
  11. Remove the transaxle support.
  12.  
  13. Fasten the exhaust pipe bracket at the transaxle bolt.
  14.  
  15. Attach the fuel line bracket at the transaxle retaining bolt. Install the fuel line bracket and secure with the retaining screws. Attach the fuel line quick connect fittings.
  16.  
  17. Position the A/C compressor, then install the retaining bolts.
  18.  
  19. Connect the wiring harness to the clips.
  20.  
  21. Attach the engine electrical connectors, as tagged during removal.
  22.  
  23. Fasten the front exhaust pipe and bracket bolt.
  24.  
  25. Raise and safely support the vehicle.
  26.  
  27. Install the engine and transaxle mount nuts at the frame. Tighten to 35 ft. lbs. (47 Nm).
  28.  
  29. Fasten the transaxle support bracket-to-transaxle bolts.
  30.  
  31. Install the flywheel-to-converter bolts. Tighten to 44 ft. lbs. (60 Nm).
  32.  
  33. Install the right engine splash shield.
  34.  
  35. As outlined in Engine Electrical , install the starter motor.
  36.  
  37. Fasten the front exhaust pipe bolts at the converter and manifold.
  38.  
  39. Carefully lower the vehicle.
  40.  
  41. Rotate the engine forward, as outlined in this information.
  42.  
  43. Position the power steering pump, then secure with the retaining bolts.
  44.  
  45. Rotate the engine back to its original position and install the engine torque strut.
  46.  
  47. Fasten the throttle control cables.
  48.  
  49. Connect the heater and radiator hoses and secure with the retaining clamps.
  50.  
  51. Install the serpentine drive belt. For details, please refer to Routine Maintenance of this repair guide.
  52.  
  53. Attach the plastic ECM cover.
  54.  
  55. Install the air cleaner assembly and the coolant recovery reservoir.
  56.  
  57. Connect the positive, then the negative battery cables. Tighten the bolts to 11 ft. lbs. (15 Nm).
  58.  
  59. Install the hood, using the marks made during removal.
  60.  
  61. Fill the cooling system with the proper type and quantity of coolant.
  62.  
  63. Check all fluid levels, then start the engine and check for leaks.
  64.  

2.8L and 3.1L engines
1988-93 VEHICLES
  1. Remove the air cleaner and duct assembly, including the air flow tube from the throttle body.
  2.  
  3. Properly relieve the fuel system pressure.
  4.  
  5. Disconnect the negative, then the positive battery cables.
  6.  
  7. Scribe a mark around the hood hinges to ensure proper reinstallation. With the help of an assistant, remove the hood assembly.
  8.  
  9. Drain the coolant into a suitable container. Remove the coolant recovery reservoir.
  10.  
  11. For 1992-93 vehicles, rotate the engine forward. Disconnect the brake vacuum tube at the plenum and the booster.
  12.  
  13. Tag and detach all necessary engine wiring and place the harnesses out of the way.
  14.  
  15. Disconnect the throttle, TV and cruise control cables, if equipped, from the throttle body assembly.
  16.  
  17. For 1992-93 vehicles, rotate the engine back to its original position.
  18.  
  19. Unfasten the fuel lines at engine.
  20.  
  21. If equipped remove the AIR belt.
  22.  
  23. For 1991 vehicles, remove the crossover pipe.
  24.  
  25. Remove the serpentine belt.
  26.  
  27. Disconnect the upper and lower radiator hoses.
  28.  
  29. If equipped, remove the A/C compressor mounting bolts at the front mounting bracket.
  30.  
  31. Remove the power steering pump and position it aside. Do not disconnect the pump hoses.
  32.  
  33. Disconnect the heater hoses from the engine.
  34.  
  35. If not already done, detach the brake booster vacuum supply line.
  36.  
  37. Remove the EGR hose from the exhaust manifold. Remove pipe from EGR valve, if equipped.
  38.  
  39. Raise the vehicle and support it safely.
  40.  
  41. If equipped, remove the A/C conditioning compressor from the engine and position it aside, but DO NOT disconnect the refrigerant lines.
  42.  
  43. Remove the flywheel cover(s).
  44.  
  45. As outlined in Engine Electrical , remove the starter motor.
  46.  
  47. Remove the right engine splash shield.
  48.  
  49. Unfasten the torque converter bolts.
  50.  
  51. For 1992-93 vehicles, drain the engine oil, then remove the oil filter.
  52.  
  53. Remove the transaxle bracket.
  54.  
  55. Unfasten the engine front mount nuts.
  56.  
  57. For vehicles through 1991, disconnect the exhaust pipe at the crossover.
  58.  
  59. For 1992-93 vehicles, unfasten the exhaust pipe bolts at the rear exhaust manifold.
  60.  
  61. Carefully lower the vehicle.
  62.  
  63. For vehicles through 1991, remove the engine torque struts.
  64.  
  65. For 1992-93 vehicles, remove the exhaust crossover pipe.
  66.  
  67. For vehicles through 1990, remove the left crossover pipe-to-manifold clamp.
  68.  
  69. For vehicle through 1990, pull the engine assembly forward and suitably support it.
  70.  
  71. Detach the bulkhead electrical connector.
  72.  
  73. For vehicles through 1990, remove the right crossover pipe-to-manifold clamp.
  74.  
  75. For vehicles through 1990, remove the engine support, and allow the engine to move to the normal position.
  76.  
  77. For 1992-93 vehicles, disconnect the vacuum modulator line at the modulator.
  78.  
  79. Support the transaxle with a suitable floor jack or equivalent.
  80.  
  81. Unfasten the transaxle-to-engine bolts.
  82.  
  83. Attach an engine lifting device and remove the engine from the vehicle. Check for connected wires and hoses as the engine is coming out of the body.
  84.  
  85. For 1992-93 vehicles, remove the flywheel bolts, flywheel and spacer.
  86.  
  87. Place the engine on a workstand.
  88.  

To install:
  1. For vehicles through 1991, with an assistant, install a lifting device onto the engine and position into the vehicle.
  2.  
  3. Remove the lifting device.
  4.  
  5. Install the transaxle-to-engine bolts.
  6.  
  7. Remove the transaxle support.
  8.  
  9. For 1992-93 vehicles, perform the following:
    1. Install the flywheel, spacer and retaining bolts. Tighten the bolts to 60 ft. lbs. (82 Nm).
    2.  
    3. Use a lifting device to position the engine assembly into the vehicle, then install two engine-to-transaxle retaining bolts.
    4.  
    5. Remove the lifting device and transaxle support.
    6.  
    7. Install the retaining transaxle-to-engine bolts. Tighten to 55 ft. lbs. (75 Nm).
    8.  
    9. Connect the vacuum modulator line to the modulator.
    10.  
    11. Fasten the power steering lines to the pump. Tighten to 20 ft. lbs. (27 Nm).
    12.  
    13. Install the crossover pipe.
    14.  

  10.  
  11. For vehicles through 1990, pull the engine assembly forward and suitable support it.
  12.  
  13. For vehicles through 1990, fasten the right crossover pipe-to-manifold clamp.
  14.  
  15. Attach the bulkhead electrical connector.
  16.  
  17. For vehicles through 1990, remove the engine support and allow the engine to roll back to its original position.
  18.  
  19. For vehicles through 1990, fasten the left crossover pipe-to-manifold clamp.
  20.  
  21. Install the coolant recovery reservoir.
  22.  
  23. Install the engine torque struts.
  24.  
  25. Raise and safely support the vehicle.
  26.  
  27. Fasten the exhaust pipe to the crossover.
  28.  
  29. Install the engine front mount retaining nuts and tighten to 32 ft. lbs. (43 Nm).
  30.  
  31. Install the transaxle bracket. Tighten the retaining bolts to 35 ft. lbs. (48 Nm).
  32.  
  33. Install a new oil filter.
  34.  
  35. Install the torque converter bolts and tighten them to 44 ft. lbs. (60 Nm).
  36.  
  37. If removed, install the right engine splash shield.
  38.  
  39. Install the starter motor.
  40.  
  41. Install the flywheel cover(s).
  42.  
  43. If equipped, install the A/C compressor.
  44.  
  45. Carefully lower the vehicle.
  46.  
  47. Install the EGR pipe and hose to valve.
  48.  
  49. Connect the brake booster vacuum supply line.
  50.  
  51. Attach the heater hoses to the engine.
  52.  
  53. Install the power steering pump.
  54.  
  55. Install the A/C mounting bolts to the front mounting bracket.
  56.  
  57. Connect the upper and lower radiator hoses.
  58.  
  59. Install the serpentine and AIR pump (if equipped) belts.
  60.  
  61. For 1991 vehicles, install the crossover pipe.
  62.  
  63. Attach the fuel lines. Tighten the fittings to 22 ft. lbs. (30 Nm).
  64.  
  65. For 1992-93 vehicles, rotate the engine forward.
  66.  
  67. Connect the throttle, TV and cruise control linkage to the throttle body.
  68.  
  69. Attach all necessary engine electrical and ground wiring, as tagged during removal.
  70.  
  71. Attach the brake vacuum tube at the plenum and booster. -93 vehicles, rotate the engine back to its original position.
  72.  
  73. Connect the airflow tube to the air cleaner and throttle valve.
  74.  
  75. Install the hood assembly with the help of an assistant.
  76.  
  77. Connect the positive, then the negative battery cables.
  78.  
  79. Install the air cleaner and duct assembly.
  80.  
  81. Fill the engine with clean engine oil, coolant and transaxle fluid, if needed.
  82.  

On the 1991-93 3.1L engines, the following test, which requires the use of a Tech 1® or equivalent scan tool, must be done before the engine is started.

  1. If equipped with a 1991-93 3.1L, perform the idle learn procedure to allow the ECM/PCM memory to be updated with the correct IAC valve pintle position and provide for a stable idle speed.
    1. Install a Tech 1® or equivalent scan tool.
    2.  
    3. Turn the ignition to the ON position, engine not running.
    4.  
    5. Select IAC SYSTEM , then IDLE LEARN in the MISC TEST mode.
    6.  
    7. Place the transaxle inPark or Neutral, as applicable.
    8.  
    9. Proceed with idle learn as directed by the scan tool.
    10.  

  2.  
  3. Turn ignition ON for 3 seconds and turn OFF . Check for fuel leaks. Repeat this procedure a second time and recheck for fuel leaks.
  4.  
  5. Inspect the vehicle for fluid leaks before and after starting the engine. Check the fluid levels, and add as necessary.
  6.  
  7. Road test the vehicle and recheck for fluid leaks.
  8.  

1994-96 VEHICLES
  1. Properly relieve the fuel system pressure as outlined in Fuel System of this repair guide.
  2.  
  3. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  4.  
  5. Scribe a mark around the hood hinges to ensure proper reinstallation. With the help of an assistant, remove the hood assembly.
  6.  
  7. Properly drain the engine coolant into a suitable container.
  8.  
  9. Remove the air cleaner and duct assembly.
  10.  
  11. Remove the transaxle fluid filler tube.
  12.  
  13. Remove the engine mount strut brackets.
  14.  
  15. Raise and safely support the vehicle.
  16.  
  17. Position a drainPan under the oil pan, then drain the engine oil.
  18.  
  19. Remove the front exhaust manifold pipe. Remove the front exhaust pipe heat shield.
  20.  
  21. Unfasten the lower rear transaxle bolt/screw.
  22.  
  23. Detach the electrical connector from the Vehicle Speed Sensor (VSS).
  24.  
  25. Unfasten the engine mount frame side nuts.
  26.  
  27. Remove the flywheel inspection cover.
  28.  
  29. Remove the starter motor. For details, please refer to the procedure in Engine Electrical of this repair guide.
  30.  
  31. Unfasten the torque converter bolts/screws.
  32.  
  33. Remove the transaxle mount.
  34.  
  35. Carefully lower the vehicle.
  36.  
  37. Remove the coolant recovery reservoir.
  38.  
  39. Remove the serpentine drive belt, as outlined in Routine Maintenance of this repair guide.
  40.  
  41. Disconnect the accelerator control and cruise control servo cable from the throttle body.
  42.  
  43. Remove the accelerator control cable bracket and position the cable aside.
  44.  
  45. Disconnect the power brake booster vacuum hose from the upper intake manifold.
  46.  
  47. Unfasten the plastic cover from the shock tower.
  48.  
  49. Remove the alternator front and rear braces, then remove the alternator from the vehicle.
  50.  
  51. Disconnect the fuel feed and return pipes.
  52.  
  53. Tie straps around the ignition wiring harness and the engine mount strut and A/C compressor bracket.
  54.  
  55. Remove the power steering pump pulley, then unfasten the pump retaining bolts/screws and position the pump aside. Leave the fluid lines attached.
  56.  
  57. Disconnect the heater inlet and outlet hoses.
  58.  
  59. Detach the upper radiator hose from the engine and lower radiator hose from the water pump.
  60.  
  61. Unfasten the engine mount strut and A/C compressor bracket bolts/screw and position the compressor aside. Do NOT disconnect the refrigerant lines.
  62.  
  63. Disconnect the automatic transaxle vacuum pipe.
  64.  
  65. Tag and detach the electrical connectors from the following components:

    Knock sensor
     
    Heated oxygen sensor
     
    Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) sensor
     
    Camshaft Position (CMP) sensor
     
    Crankshaft Position (CKP) sensor
     
    Wheel speed sensors
     

  66.  
  67. Detach the electrical connectors from the ignition coil.
  68.  
  69. Tag and detach the Idle Air Control (IAC) valve and the Throttle Position (TP) sensor electrical connectors.
  70.  
  71. Disconnect the vacuum hoses from the upper intake manifold.
  72.  
  73. Unfasten the transaxle-to-engine bolts/screws.
  74.  
  75. Install a safely bolt between the alternator bracket and the engine lift bracket.
  76.  
  77. Suitable support the transaxle with a jack or floor stands.
  78.  
  79. Attach a suitable engine lifting device and remove the engine from the vehicle. Check for connected wires and hoses as the engine is coming out of the body.
  80.  
  81. Place the engine on a workstand.
  82.  

To install:
  1. With an assistant, install a lifting device onto the engine and position into the vehicle.
  2.  
  3. Remove the lifting device.
  4.  
  5. Remove the floor stands or jack from under the transaxle.
  6.  
  7. Remove the safely bolt from the alternator bracket and front engine lift bracket.
  8.  
  9. Install the transaxle-to-engine bolts. Tighten to 55 ft. lbs. (75 Nm).
  10.  
  11. Connect the vacuum hoses to the upper intake manifold.
  12.  
  13. Attach the electrical connections to the TP sensor and IAC valve.
  14.  
  15. Fasten the electrical connector to the ignition coil.
  16.  
  17. Attach the following electrical connectors, as tagged during removal:

    Knock sensor
     
    Heated oxygen sensor
     
    Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) sensor
     
    Camshaft Position (CMP) sensor
     
    Crankshaft Position (CKP) sensor
     
    Wheel speed sensors
     

  18.  
  19. Connect the vacuum modulator pipe to the modulator.
  20.  
  21. Position the A/C compressor and engine mount strut and install the compressor bracket bolts/nuts.
  22.  
  23. Connect the lower radiator hose to the water pump and the upper radiator hose to the engine.
  24.  
  25. Fasten the heater inlet and outlet hoses.
  26.  
  27. Position the power steering pump and secure with the retaining bolts/screws. Install the power steering pump pulley.
  28.  
  29. Unfasten the tie straps from around the ignition wiring harness and engine mount strut and A/C compressor bracket.
  30.  
  31. Connect the fuel feed and return pipes.
  32.  
  33. Install the alternator, then install the front and rear braces.
  34.  
  35. Position the cable, then install the accelerator control cable bracket.
  36.  
  37. Connect the accelerator control and cruise control servo cable to the throttle body.
  38.  
  39. Install the serpentine drive belt, as outlined in Routine Maintenance of this repair guide.
  40.  
  41. Install the coolant recovery reservoir.
  42.  
  43. Raise and safely support the vehicle.
  44.  
  45. Fasten the transaxle mount to the engine block.
  46.  
  47. Install the torque converter bolts/screws.
  48.  
  49. Install the starter motor. For details, please refer to Engine Electrical of this repair guide.
  50.  
  51. Fasten the flywheel inspection cover.
  52.  
  53. Install the engine mount frame side nuts to the drivetrain and front suspension.
  54.  
  55. Attach the VSS electrical connector.
  56.  
  57. Fasten the lower rear transaxle bolt/screw.
  58.  
  59. Install the front exhaust manifold pipe heat shield, then install the front exhaust manifold pipe.
  60.  
  61. Carefully lower the vehicle.
  62.  
  63. Refill the engine with the proper quantity of clean engine oil.
  64.  
  65. Install the engine mount strut brackets.
  66.  
  67. Install the transaxle fluid filler tube.
  68.  
  69. Install the air cleaner and duct assembly.
  70.  
  71. With the help of an assistant, install the hood assembly, making sure to align the marks made during removal.
  72.  
  73. Connect the negative battery cable.
  74.  
  75. Refill the engine with the proper type and amount of coolant and engine oil.
  76.  
  77. Check the fluid levels and inspect vehicle for fluid leaks before and after starting the engine.
  78.  
  79. Road test the vehicle and recheck for fluid leaks.
  80.  

3.4L Engine
  1. Take the car to a certified repair shop to have the A/C system discharged.
  2.  
  3. Remove the air cleaner assembly.
  4.  
  5. Scribe a mark around the hood hinges, then remove the hood with the help of an assistant.
  6.  
  7. Properly drain the engine cooling system into a suitable container.
  8.  
  9. Relieve the fuel system pressure, as outlined in Fuel System of this repair guide.
  10.  
  11. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  12.  
  13. Unfasten the heater hoses from the engine.
  14.  
  15. Remove the engine mount torque strut and mount.
  16.  
  17. Remove the coolant fan assemblies.
  18.  
  19. Disconnect the radiator hoses from the engine.
  20.  
  21. If equipped, disconnect the transaxle cooler lines.
  22.  
  23. Remove the radiator and hoses.
  24.  
  25. Detach the control cables from the bracket and throttle body.
  26.  
  27. Disengage the electrical bulkhead connector at the right side dash mat.
  28.  
  29. Disconnect the fuel lines.
  30.  
  31. Remove the exhaust crossover.
  32.  
  33. Unfasten the transaxle-to-engine retaining bolts, Remove the ground wires/straps from the bellhousing.
  34.  
  35. If equipped, remove the fuel injector cover.
  36.  
  37. Disconnect the power steering lines at the pump and front cover.
  38.  
  39. Remove the serpentine drive belt.
  40.  
  41. Unfasten the upper A/C compressor bolts. Detach the compressor electrical connector.
  42.  
  43. Detach the EGR pipe from the EGR valve.
  44.  
  45. Raise and safely support the vehicle.
  46.  
  47. Remove the right front wheel and tire assembly, then remove the right front splash shield.
  48.  
  49. For vehicles through 1993, remove the A/C manifold from the compressor.
  50.  
  51. For 1994-96 vehicles, unfasten the lower compressor bolts and position the compressor aside.
  52.  
  53. Unfasten the flywheel inspection cover(s).
  54.  
  55. Position a suitable drainPan under the oil pan, then drain the engine oil and remove the oil filter.
  56.  
  57. Remove the starter motor, as outlined in Engine Electrical of this repair guide.
  58.  
  59. Remove the front exhaust pipe and converter.
  60.  
  61. Remove the engine mount nuts from the frame.
  62.  
  63. Tag and detach the electrical connections from the rear of the engine.
  64.  
  65. Remove the steel torque converter inspection cover. Unfasten the torque converter bolts.
  66.  
  67. Tag and detach the electrical connections from the front of the engine.
  68.  
  69. Unfasten the right ball joint nut, then separate the ball joint from the control arm.
  70.  
  71. Remove the outer tie rod.
  72.  
  73. Remove the drive axle assembly.
  74.  
  75. If equipped, remove the transaxle shield.
  76.  
  77. Support the transaxle with a suitable jacking fixture.
  78.  
  79. Unfasten the motor mount bracket-to-transaxle bolts and nuts.
  80.  
  81. Detach the electrical connections from the alternator.
  82.  
  83. Carefully lower the vehicle.
  84.  
  85. Remove the plastic cover from the shock tower.
  86.  
  87. Detach the engine quick connects from the ECM/PCM.
  88.  
  89. Install an engine lifting device.
  90.  
  91. Unfasten the remaining engine-to-transaxle bolts, then lift the engine from the vehicle. Make sure to disconnect any remaining vacuum lines or electrical connectors from the rear of the engine while removing the engine.
  92.  

To install:
  1. Lower the engine into the vehicle, making sure to connect the vacuum lines to the rear of the engine. Attach any necessary electrical connectors.
  2.  
  3. Install the two transaxle-to-engine bolts.
  4.  
  5. Attach the electrical quick connects to the ECM/PCM.
  6.  
  7. Remove the engine lifting device and the transaxle support.
  8.  
  9. Raise and safely support the vehicle.
  10.  
  11. Attach the alternator electrical connections.
  12.  
  13. Fasten the motor mount bracket-to-transaxle nuts and bolts.
  14.  
  15. Install the transaxle shield.
  16.  
  17. Install the drive axle assembly.
  18.  
  19. Attach the ball joint to the control arm, then install the nut.
  20.  
  21. Install the outer tie rod.
  22.  
  23. Attach the electrical connections to the front of the engine, as tagged during removal.
  24.  
  25. Install the torque converter bolts, then fasten the steel torque converter inspection cover.
  26.  
  27. Attach the electrical connections to the rear of the engine, as tagged during removal.
  28.  
  29. Fasten the motor mount nuts at the frame.
  30.  
  31. Attach the front exhaust pipe and converter.
  32.  
  33. Install the starter motor. For details, please refer to the procedure in Engine Electrical .
  34.  
  35. Fasten the flywheel inspection cover(s).
  36.  
  37. For vehicles through 1993, install the A/C manifold to the compressor.
  38.  
  39. For 1994-96 vehicles, position the A/C compressor to the bracket, then install the lower compressor mounting bolts.
  40.  
  41. Install a new oil filter.
  42.  
  43. Install the right front splash shield and the right front wheel and tire assembly.
  44.  
  45. Carefully lower the vehicle.
  46.  
  47. Attach the electrical connector to the A/C compressor, then install the upper A/C compressor bolts.
  48.  
  49. Connect the EGR pipe to the EGR valve.
  50.  
  51. Install the serpentine drive belt.
  52.  
  53. Attach the power steering lines at the pump and front cover.
  54.  
  55. Install the fuel injector cover.
  56.  
  57. Fasten the remaining transaxle-to-engine bolts. Attach the ground wires/straps to the bellhousing.
  58.  
  59. Install the exhaust crossover pipe.
  60.  
  61. Connect the fuel lines.
  62.  
  63. Attach the electrical bulk head connector at the right side dash mat.
  64.  
  65. Secure the control cables to the bracket and throttle body.
  66.  
  67. Install the radiator and hoses. Connect the radiator hoses to the engine.
  68.  
  69. If equipped, connect the transaxle cooler lines.
  70.  
  71. Install the cooling fan assemblies.
  72.  
  73. Fasten the engine torque strut bracket and strut.
  74.  
  75. Connect the heater hoses to the engine.
  76.  
  77. Install the coolant recovery reservoir.
  78.  
  79. Refill the engine cooling system with the proper type and amount of coolant.
  80.  
  81. Install the hood assembly with the help of an assistant.
  82.  
  83. Install the air cleaner assembly.
  84.  
  85. Connect the negative battery cable.
  86.  
  87. Perform the idle learn procedure to allow the ECM/PCM memory to be updated with the correct IAC valve pintle position and provide for a stable idle speed.
    1. Install a Tech 1® or equivalent scan tool.
    2.  
    3. Turn the ignition to the ON position, engine not running.
    4.  
    5. Select IAC SYSTEM , then IDLE LEARN in the MISC TEST mode.
    6.  
    7. Place the transaxle inPark or neutral, as applicable.
    8.  
    9. Proceed with idle learn as directed by the scan tool.
    10.  

  88.  
  89. Bleed the power steering system, as outlined in Suspension & Steering of this repair guide.
  90.  
  91. Check the fluid levels and inspect the vehicle for fluid leaks before and after starting the engine.
  92.  
  93. Road test the vehicle and recheck for fluid leaks.
  94.  
  95. Take the vehicle to a certified repair shop to have the A/C system charged.
  96.  

3.8L Engine

See Figure 3



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 3: Removal of the acoustic engine/fuel injector sight cover on a 1996 vehicle

  1. Scribe a mark around the hood hinges for installation reference, then remove the hood with the help of an assistant.
  2.  
  3. Properly relieve the fuel system pressure. For details, please refer to the procedure in Fuel System of this repair guide.
  4.  
  5. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  6.  
  7. Remove the air cleaner assembly.
  8.  
  9. Disconnect the fuel lines from the fuel rail and mounting brackets and position aside.
  10.  
  11. Drain the engine coolant into a suitable container, then remove the coolant recovery reservoir.
  12.  
  13. Remove the inner fender electrical cover.
  14.  
  15. Remove the fuel injector sight/acoustic engine cover as follows:
    1. Twist to unlock tube/oil fill cap from the engine.
    2.  
    3. Lift the cover up at the front and slid the tab out of the engine bracket.
    4.  
    5. Replace the tube/oil fill cap in the rocker arm (valve) cover.
    6.  

  16.  
  17. Disconnect the throttle cables from the throttle body and mounting bracket.
  18.  
  19. Remove the rear heat shield from the crossover pipe.
  20.  
  21. Remove the throttle cable mounting bracket and vacuum line as an assembly.
  22.  
  23. Disconnect the exhaust crossover from the manifolds.
  24.  
  25. Unfasten the engine mount/torque strut bolt, then remove the strut from the engine.
  26.  
  27. Remove the engine cooling fans.
  28.  
  29. Detach the oil cooler hoses at the radiator.
  30.  
  31. Disconnect the vacuum line from the transaxle module.
  32.  
  33. Remove the serpentine belt as outlined in Routine Maintenance of this repair guide.
  34.  
  35. Remove the power steering pump. For details, please refer to the procedure in Suspension & Steering of this repair guide.
  36.  
  37. Remove the alternator, as outlined in Engine Electrical of this repair guide.
  38.  
  39. Remove the alternator support brace and engine strut bracket with the coil pack.
  40.  
  41. Tag and detach all electrical connections from the engine.
  42.  
  43. Disconnect the upper and lower radiator and heater hoses from the engine.
  44.  
  45. Unfasten the transaxle-to-engine bolts and remove the ground wire harness by unfastening the retaining bolt.
  46.  
  47. Raise and support the vehicle safely.
  48.  
  49. Remove the right front wheel and tire assembly.
  50.  
  51. Remove the inner splash shield.
  52.  
  53. Remove the flywheel cover, scribe a mark on the torque converter and flywheel, for installation purposes, and unfasten the flywheel to torque converter bolts.
  54.  
  55. Unfasten the wire harness clamps from the frame near the radiator.
  56.  
  57. Remove the A/C compressor from the bracket position it aside. Do NOT disconnect the refrigerant lines.
  58.  
  59. Disconnect the wires and remove the starter motor assembly. For details, please refer to the procedure in Engine Electrical of this repair guide.
  60.  
  61. Safely support the transaxle, then use a long extension through the wheel well to unfasten the transaxle-to-engine bolt.
  62.  
  63. Attach a suitable engine lifting device and unfasten the engine mount-to-frame nuts.
  64.  
  65. Drain the engine oil into a suitable container, then remove the oil filter.
  66.  
  67. Disconnect the oil cooler pipes from the hose connections.
  68.  
  69. Detach the exhaust pipe from the manifold.
  70.  
  71. Carefully lower the vehicle, then remove the engine assembly from the vehicle.
  72.  

To install:
  1. With an assistant, install a lifting device onto the engine and position into the vehicle. Make sure to align the engine with the transaxle dowel pins.
  2.  
  3. With the transaxle supported, install the transaxle-to-engine bolts and ground wire harness. Tighten the bolts to 46 ft. lbs. (62 Nm).
  4.  
  5. Remove the engine lifting device and transaxle support fixture.
  6.  
  7. Connect the heater hoses, and upper and lower radiator hoses to the engine.
  8.  
  9. Attach all electrical connections to the engine, as tagged during removal.
  10.  
  11. Install the alternator support brace and engine strut bracket with the coil pack.
  12.  
  13. Install the alternator as outlined in Engine Electrical of this repair guide.
  14.  
  15. Install the power steering pump assembly.
  16.  
  17. As outlined in Routine Maintenance , install the serpentine belt.
  18.  
  19. Connect the vacuum line to the transaxle module.
  20.  
  21. Position the engine torque strut, then secure with the retaining bolts. Tighten the bolt 41 ft. lbs. (56 Nm).
  22.  
  23. Attach the exhaust crossover pipe.
  24.  
  25. Install the throttle cable mounting bracket and connect the vacuum lines.
  26.  
  27. Fasten the heat shield to the crossover pipe.
  28.  
  29. Connect the throttle cables to the throttle body and mounting bracket.
  30.  
  31. Fasten the inner fender electrical cover.
  32.  
  33. Install the coolant recovery reservoir.
  34.  
  35. Connect the fuel hoses to the fuel rail and mounting brackets.
  36.  
  37. Raise and support the vehicle safely.
  38.  
  39. Connect the front exhaust pipe to the manifold.
  40.  
  41. Install the oil filter.
  42.  
  43. Connect the oil cooler pipes to the hose connections.
  44.  
  45. Install the engine mount nuts to the frame and tighten to 32 ft. lbs. (43 Nm).
  46.  
  47. Install the transaxle-to-engine bolt through the wheel well, then tighten to 46 ft. lbs. (62 Nm).
  48.  
  49. Install the starter motor assembly and attach the electrical connectors.
  50.  
  51. Fasten the A/C compressor to the bracket.
  52.  
  53. Attach the wire harness clamps to the frame, near the radiator.
  54.  
  55. Align the scribe marks made during removal, install the torque converter-to-flywheel bolts and tighten to 46 ft. lbs. (62 Nm).
  56.  
  57. Position the flywheel cover, then secure with the retaining bolts. Tighten the bolts to 53 inch lbs. (6 Nm).
  58.  
  59. Fasten the inner fender splash shield.
  60.  
  61. Install the right front wheel and tire assembly, then carefully lower the vehicle.
  62.  
  63. Refill the cooling system with the proper type and amount of coolant.
  64.  
  65. Install the right side cooling fan.
  66.  
  67. Bleed the power steering system, as outlined in Suspension & Steering of this repair guide.
  68.  
  69. Install the fuel injector sight/acoustic engine shield, as follows:
    1. Remove the tube/oil fill cap form the engine.
    2.  
    3. Insert the tab of the cover under the engine bracket.
    4.  
    5. Place the hole of the cover onto the oil fill neck of the valve (rocker arm) cover.
    6.  
    7. Install the tub/oil fill cap into the engine and twist to lock.
    8.  

  70.  
  71. Install the air cleaner assembly.
  72.  
  73. Connect the negative battery cable and install the hood, aligning the marks made during removal.
  74.  
  75. Check and add fluids as required. Test drive the vehicle and check for leaks and correct fluid levels.
  76.  

 
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