Removal & Installation
- Park the vehicle on a level surface.
- Remove the jack, tire iron and, if necessary, the spare tire from their storage compartments.
- Check the owner's manual or refer to General Information and Maintenance of this repair guide for the jacking points on your vehicle. Then, place the jack in the proper position.
See Figure 1
- If equipped with lug nut trim caps, remove them by either unscrewing or pulling them off the lug nuts, as appropriate. Consult the owner's manual, if necessary.
- If equipped with a wheel cover or hubcap, insert the tapered end of the tire iron in the groove and pry off the cover.
See Figure 2
- Apply the parking brake and block the diagonally opposite wheel with a wheel chock or two.
Wheel chocks may be purchased at your local auto parts store, or a block of wood cut into wedges may be used. If possible, keep one or two of the chocks in your tire storage compartment, in case any of the tires has to be removed on the side of the road.
- Place the selector lever in P or Park.
- With the tires still on the ground, use the tire iron/wrench to break the lug nuts loose. Do not remove them at this time.
See Figure 3
Sometimes wheels can be difficult to remove from the vehicle due to foreign material or a tight fit between the wheel center hole and the hub or rotor. These wheels can be removed without damage as follows:
Before installing the wheels, remove any build up of corrosion on the wheel mounting surface by scraping and wire brushing.
The wheel nuts must be tightened in sequence and to the proper torque to avoid bending the wheel, brake drum or rotor.
- Using the jack, raise the vehicle until the tire is clear of the ground. Support the vehicle safely using jackstands.
- Remove the lug nuts, then remove the tire and wheel assembly.
See Figures 4, 5 and 6
- Make sure the wheel and hub mating surfaces, as well as the wheel lug studs, are clean and free of all foreign material. Always remove rust from the wheel mounting surface and the brake rotor or drum. Failure to do so may cause the lug nuts to loosen in service.
- Install the tire and wheel assembly and hand-tighten the lug nuts.
- Using the tire wrench, tighten all the lug nuts, in a crisscross pattern, (for 4 lug) or a `star' pattern (for 5 lug) until they are snug.
- Raise the vehicle and withdraw the jackstands, then lower the vehicle.
- Using a torque wrench, tighten the lug nuts in a crisscross pattern to 100 ft. lbs. (140 Nm). Check your owner's manual or refer to General Information and Maintenance of this repair guide for the proper tightening sequence.
See Figure 7
- If so equipped, install the wheel cover or hubcap. Make sure the valve stem protrudes through the proper opening before tapping the wheel cover into position.
- If equipped, install the lug nut trim caps by pushing them or screwing them on, as applicable.
- Remove the jack from under the vehicle, and place the jack and tire iron/wrench in their storage compartments. Remove the wheel chock(s).
- If you have removed a flat or damaged tire, place it in the storage compartment of the vehicle and take it to your local repair station to have it fixed or replaced as soon as possible.
Inspect the tires for lacerations, puncture marks, nails and other sharp objects. Repair or replace as necessary. Also, check the tires for treadwear and air pressure as outlined in General Information and Maintenance of this repair guide.
Check the wheel assemblies for dents, cracks, rust and metal fatigue. Repair or replace as necessary.