Honda Accord/Civic/Prelude 1973-1983 Repair Guide

Power Steering Gear

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ADJUSTMENT



Accord & Civic
  1. Make sure that the rack is well lubricated.
  2.  
  3. Loosen the rack guide adjusting locknut.
  4.  
  5. Tighten the adjusting screw until it compresses the spring and seats against the guide, then loosen it. Retorque it to 35 inch lbs. then back it off 25°.
  6.  
  7. Hold it in that position while adjusting the locknut to 18 ft. lbs.
  8.  
  9. Recheck the play, and then move the wheels lock-to-lock, to make sure that the rack moves freely.
  10.  
  11. Check the steering force by first raising the front wheels and then placing them in a straight ahead position. Turn the steering wheel with a spring scale to check the steering force. Steering force should be no more than 4 lbs.
  12.  

Prelude
  1. Make sure that the rack is well lubricated.
  2.  
  3. Loosen the rack guide adjusting locknut.
  4.  
  5. Tighten the adjusting screw until it compresses the spring and seats against the guide, then loosen it. Retorque it to 24 inch lbs. then back it off 25°.
  6.  
  7. Hold it in that position while adjusting the locknut to 18 ft. lbs.
  8.  
  9. Recheck the play, and then move the wheels lock-to-lock, to make sure that the rack moves freely.
  10.  
  11. Check the steering force by first raising the front wheels and then placing them in a straight ahead position. Turn the steering wheel with a spring scale to check the steering force. Steering force should be no more than 4 lbs.
  12.  

REMOVAL & INSTALLATION



See Figures 1 through 9

Accord and Prelude
  1. Raise and support the front end on jackstands.
  2.  
  3. Remove the steering shaft joint cover and disconnect the steering shaft at the coupling.
  4.  



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Fig. Fig. 1: Removing the shield or cover from the power steering gear assembly



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Fig. Fig. 2: Removing the hydraulic lines from power steering gear assembly



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Fig. Fig. 3: Removing the sway bar, if necessary for power steering gear removal



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Fig. Fig. 4: Removing the exhaust system for power steering gear removal



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Fig. Fig. 5: View of the power steering gear assembly mounting



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Fig. Fig. 6: View of the steering rack (inner components)



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Fig. Fig. 7: View of the steering column to steering rack connecting point



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Fig. Fig. 8: View of the dust cover at the bottom of the steering column assembly-note warning on the cover



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Fig. Fig. 9: Checking the power steering fluid

  1. Drain the power steering fluid by disconnecting the return hose at the box and running the engine while turning the steering wheel lock to lock until fluid stops draining.
  2.  
  3. Remove the gearbox shield.
  4.  
  5. Remove the front wheels.
  6.  
  7. Using a ball joint tool, disconnect the tie rods from the knuckles.
  8.  
  9. On cars with manual transmissions:

    Remove the shift extension from the transmission case.
     
    Disconnect the gear shift rod from the transmission case by removing the 8mm bolt.
     

  10.  
  11. On cars with automatic transmissions, remove the control cable clamp.
  12.  
  13. Remove the center beam.
  14.  
  15. Disconnect the exhaust header pipe at the manifold.
  16.  
  17. Remove the exhaust header pipe joint nuts.
  18.  
  19. Disconnect the hydraulic lines at the steering control until.
  20.  
  21. Shift the tie rods all the way right.
  22.  
  23. Remove the gearbox mounting bolts.
  24.  
  25. Slide the gearbox right so that the left tie rod clears the bottom of the rear beam. Remove the gearbox.
  26.  

To install:
  1. Install the steering rack in the steering coupling. Torque the mounting bracket bolts to 29 ft. lbs.
  2.  
  3. On the models equipped with manual transmissions, reinstall the pin retainer after driving in the pin and be sure that the projection on the pin retainer is in the hole.
  4.  
  5. Install the hydraulic lines and exhaust components.
  6.  
  7. Install the tie-rod assemblies. Refill the fluid level.
  8.  
  9. Check front end alignment, if necessary. Road test the vehicle for proper operation.
  10.  

Some Accord and Prelude models may experience a power steering moan noise. This noise comes from the power steering rack and is usually heard on hard left turns. The corrective action to be taken in this case is to remove and replace the old power steering control valve with the new improved control valve available from the manufacturer.

Civic
  1. Raise and support the front end on jackstands.
  2.  
  3. Remove the cover panel and steering joint cover. Unbolt and separate the steering shaft at the coupling.
  4.  
  5. Drain the power steering fluid by disconnecting the return hose at the box and running the engine while turning the steering wheel lock to lock until fluid stops draining. Remove the gearbox shield. Remove the front wheels.
  6.  
  7. Remove the cotter pins and unscrew the castle nuts on the tie rod ends. Using a ball joint tool disconnect the tie rod ends. Lift the tie rod ends out of the steering knuckles.
  8.  
  9. On cars with manual transmissions:

    Disconnect the shift lever torque rod from the clutch housing.
     
    Slide the pin retainer out of the way, drive out the spring pin and disconnect the shift rod.
     

  10.  
  11. On cars with automatic transmissions, remove the shift cable guide from the floor and pull the shift cable down by hand.
  12.  
  13. Remove the two nuts connecting the exhaust header pipe to the exhaust pipe and move the exhaust pipe out of the way. Disconnect the three hydraulic lines from the control unit.
  14.  
  15. Push the rack all the way to the right and remove the gearbox brackets. Slide the tie rod ends all the way to the right.
  16.  
  17. Drop the gearbox far enough to permit the end of the pinion shaft to come out of the hole in the frame channel, then rotate it forward until the shaft is pointing rearward.
  18.  
  19. Slide the gearbox to the right until the left tie rod clears the exhaust pipe, then drop it down and out of the car to the left.
  20.  

To install:
  1. Install the steering rack in the steering gear coupling. Torque the mounting bracket bolts to 29 ft. lbs.
  2.  
  3. On the models equipped with manual transmissions, reinstall the pin retainer after driving in the pin and be sure that the projection on the pin retainer is in the hole.
  4.  
  5. Install the hydraulic lines and exhaust components.
  6.  
  7. Install the tie-rod assemblies. Refill the fluid level.
  8.  
  9. Check front end alignment, if necessary. Road test the vehicle for proper operation.
  10.  

 
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