Accords and Preludes may be fitted with either a direct-drive starter or a gear reduction starter. The differences are internal and depend on the manufacturer of the starter.
The two units are similar in operation and service. Both starters are 4-pole, series wound, DC units to which an outboard solenoid is mounted. When the ignition switch is turned to the START position, the solenoid armature is drawn in, engaging the starter pinion with the engine flywheel. When the starter pinion and flywheel are fully engaged, the solenoid armature closes the main contacts for the starter, causing the starter to crank the engine.
When the engine starts, the increased speed of the flywheel causes the gear to overrun the starter clutch and rotor. The gear continues in full mesh until the ignition is released from the START to the ON position, interrupting the starter current. A spring then returns the gear to its neutral position.
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION
See Figures 1 and 2
- Disconnect both battery terminals, negative first.
- Disconnect the large cable from the starter motor; label and disconnect the wiring to the starter solenoid. Certain engine/transmission combinations have an engine harness secured in a clip on the starter or transaxle. Remove the harness from the clip and position it out of the way.
- Remove the starter motor by loosening the attaching bolts.
- To install, reverse the removal procedures. Tighten the starter-to-engine bolts to 47 ft. lbs. (64 Nm) on the Accord V-6 and 32 ft. lbs. (45 Nm) on other models.
- Connect the wiring to the starter securely.
- Connect the battery cables, positive cable first.
STARTER SOLENOID REPLACEMENT
- Remove the starter from the vehicle.
- Remove the screws securing the solenoid to the starter housing.
- Pull out the solenoid. On the Nippodenso type, there is a spring on the shaft and a steel ball at the end of the shaft, be sure not to lose them. On the Mitsuba type, move the solenoid away from the plane of the armature to disengage it from the solenoid lever.
- Install the solenoid with a new gasket (if equipped). On the Mitsuba type, make certain the lever is correctly installed to, and engaged with, the lever. On the Nippodenso unit, make certain the steel ball and spring are correctly placed. All the sliding surfaces of the solenoid should be lightly greased before installation.
- Tighten the retaining screws until snug.
- Install the starter.