See Figure 1
The engine is equipped with a Positive Crankcase Ventilation (PCV) system in which blow-by gas is returned to the combustion chamber through the intake manifold and/or the air cleaner. Blow-by gas is the portion of the normal combustion gasses that get by the piston rings and pressurize the lower part of the engine. If not vented, these gasses will eventually force their way through gaskets at the top or bottom of the engine, causing improper running and/or fluid leaks.
The PCV system captures these gasses and routes them back into the engine where they can be reburned. The PCV valve controls the flow into the engine. If the valve sticks closed, excess pressure can build in the engine. If it sticks open, too much gas may be admitted to the engine, causing a rich mixture, black exhaust smoke and generally poor driveability.
The function of the PCV valve should be checked every 60,000 miles (96,000 km) or whenever an emission-related problem is being diagnosed. As long as the valve is functioning properly, it does not need replacement.
See Figures 2 and 3
Inspect the hoses for cracks, leaks or clogging. With the engine running at warm idle, use fingers or pliers to gently pinch the PCV hose running to the valve. You shoud hear the valve click when the hose is pinched.
On some models, it will be necessary to remove the air cleaner support brace to access the PCV valve.
If no clicking is heard, inspect the rubber grommet around the valve for cracks or damage. If the grommet is good, replace the valve.
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION
To remove the valve, disconnect the hose and pull the valve from the grommet. Install the new valve and connect the hose. Attempting to clean the valve is not recommended; always replace it. Install the new valve firmly into the grommet. Connect and secure the hose.