Honda Civic/CRX/del Sol 1984-1995 Repair Guide

Cooling System

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FLUID RECOMMENDATIONS



Use a good quality ethylene glycol-based engine coolant specifically recommended for use with vehicles utilizing aluminum engine parts. Note that some coolants, although labeled for use in such vehicles, actually may fail to provide effective corrosion protection. It is best to buy a top quality product that is known to work effectively under such conditions. Always add coolant mixed with the proper amount of clean water. Never add either water or coolant alone. Consult the chart on the antifreeze container and utilize the proportions recommended for the lowest expected temperatures in your area. Coolant is usually mixed at a 50:50 ratio.

LEVEL CHECK



To check the coolant level, simply discern whether the coolant is up to the FULL line on the expansion tank. Add coolant to the expansion tank if the level is low, being sure to mix it first with clean water. Never add cold water or coolant to a hot engine as damage to both the cooling system and the engine could result.

The radiator cap should be removed only for the purpose of cleaning or draining the system.

If any coolant spills on painted portions of the body, rinse it off immediately.

DRAIN AND REFILL



See Figures 1 through 6



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Fig. Fig. 1: Check the radiator cap gasket for cracks or wear. If necessary, replace the cap



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Fig. Fig. 2: Keep the radiator fins clear of debris for maximum cooling



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Fig. Fig. 3: A coolant tester is available at most auto parts stores


CAUTION
The cooling system is under pressure when hot. Removing the radiator cap when the engine is warm or overheated will cause coolant to spill or shoot out, possibly causing serious burns. The system should be allowed to cool before attempting removal of the radiator cap or hoses.

The coolant should be changed every 45,000 miles (72,400 km); thereafter, replace every 24 months or 30,000 miles (48,300 km). When following this procedure, be sure to follow the proper precautions.

  1. Remove the radiator cap and splash shield if it obstructs access.
  2.  
  3. Slide a drain pan under the radiator. Loosen the drain bolt at the base of the radiator and allow the coolant to drain. If equipped, loosen the drain bolt on the drain cock on the side of the block.
  4.  


CAUTION
When draining the coolant, keep in mind that cats and dogs are attracted by ethylene glycol antifreeze, and are quite likely to drink any that is left in an uncovered container or in puddles on the ground. This will prove fatal in sufficient quantity. Always drain the coolant into a sealable container.

  1. Drain the coolant in the reservoir tank by unclipping and disconnecting the hose.
  2.  

It may be necessary to remove the thermostat to completely drain the engine.

  1. Mix a solution of 50% ethylene glycol (designed for use in aluminum engines) and 50% clean water. Tighten the drain bolt(s) and refill the radiator all the way to the filler mouth. Reconnect the overflow tank connecting tube.
  2.  



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Fig. Fig. 4: After the cooling system is drained, fill the system through the radiator



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Fig. Fig. 5: The cooling system should be topped off through the expansion tank

Honda recommends that antifreeze be maintained at a 50/50 ratio year round.

  1. Loosen the cooling system bleed bolt to purge air from the system. When coolant flows out of the bleed port, close the bolt and refill the radiator with coolant up to the mouth.
  2.  
  3. To purge any air trapped in other parts of the cooling system, set the heater control to Hot, start the engine, set it to fast idle and allow it to reach normal operating temperatures. DO NOT tighten the radiator cap and leave the heater control in the Hot position. When the engine reaches normal operating temperatures, top off the radiator and keep checking until the level stabilizes; then, refill the coolant reservoir to the Full mark and make sure that the radiator cap is properly tightened.
  4.  



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Fig. Fig. 6: A funnel should be used to prevent spilling coolant over the engine and painted surfaces

FLUSHING AND CLEANING THE SYSTEM



  1. Remove the thermostat from the engine (refer to Engine & Engine Overhaul ).
  2.  
  3. Using a high pressure water hose, force fresh water into the thermostat housing opening, allowing the water to back-flush into the engine, heater and radiator. Back-flush the system until the water flowing from the radiator hose is clear.
  4.  
  5. After cleaning, reverse the removal procedures. Torque the thermostat mounting bolts to 7 ft. lbs. (10 Nm.) Refill the cooling system with fresh coolant.
  6.  

Honda recommends that you use new gaskets and O-rings when reassembling.

 
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