See Figures 1 and 2
All 1984-87 sedan, hatchback and CRX models utilize an independent strut arrangement for the rear wheels. Each suspension unit consists of a combined coil spring/shock absorber strut, a lower control arm and a radius rod.
The 2WD and 4WD Civic Wagon uses a live (or solid) rear axle located by upper and lower fore and aft control arms and a panhard rod. The fore and aft arms keep the axle located fore and aft and vertically. The panhard rod runs from the right side of the axle up to a bushed mounting point on the wagon's body and stabilizes the axle in terms of side-to-side motion. Coil springs which are separate from conventional shock absorbers complete the rear suspension system on the 4WD models and on the 2WD models a coil over damper setup is used.
See Figures 3 and 4
The 1988-95 models use an independent trailing arm suspension system. Upper and lower controls arms are used to locate a trailing arm which uses a coil-over damper unit to control suspension travel. A unique feature of this suspension system is the compensator arm. This component allows a certain amount of side-to-side movement of the trailing arm, this helps to maintain a better toe angle of the wheel throughout the suspension travel.