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    1982 Toyota Corona 2.4L 2BL 4cyl

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    ISUZU Amigo/Pick-ups/Rodeo/Trooper 1981-1996

    Axle Shaft, Bearing and Seal

    Print

    REMOVAL & INSTALLATION



    Pick-Up, Amigo, Hombre, 1991-94 Rodeo and 1985-94 Trooper Models

    BANJO TYPE-WITH REAR DISC BRAKES

    See Figures 1, 2, 3 and 4



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Fig. 1: Exploded view of the rear axle shaft and related components-Banjo type rear axle with disc brakes



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Fig. 2: Use snapring pliers to remove the snapring from the axle shaft



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Fig. 3: To remove the retainer, first grind the retainer until it is thin, then break it in 1/2 with a hammer and chisel



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Fig. 4: Support the bearing holder with Bearing Remover Tool J-33949, or an equivalent sized pair of wooden blocks, and drive the axle out

    1. Block the front wheels.
    2.  
    3. Raise and safely support the rear of the vehicle on jackstands.
    4.  
    5. Remove the rear wheel assembly and rear brake components. For more information on removing the brake components, refer to Brakes .
    6.  
    7. Remove the 4 axle retaining nuts and lockwashers.
    8.  
    9. Pull the axle shaft assembly out of the axle housing.
    10.  
    11. Remove the snapring and bearing cup from the axle shaft.
    12.  
    13. Grind the retainer ring down until thin enough to be broken with a chisel and hammer; do not grind the axle shaft. Break the retainer ring with a hammer and chisel.
    14.  
    15. Break the bearing cage with a hammer and chisel and remove the bearing cage and rollers.
    16.  
    17. Remove the oil seal, retainer and the parking brake assembly from the axle.
    18.  
    19. Remove the inner race from the axle shaft using a press and a bearing splitter.
    20.  

    To install:
    1. Install the parking brake assembly and the oil seal, in the proper direction, into the bearing holder. Install the bearing holder onto the axle assembly.
    2.  
    3. Press the bearing onto the axle shaft using a steel pipe 25.5 in. (64.77cm) long, 2 in. (50.8mm) O.D and 1.625 in. (41.27mm) I.D.
    4.  

    Install the bearing with the cup toward the inboard side.

    1. Install the retainer ring using a press. If equipped with a bearing retainer bolt, tighten the bolt to 275 ft. lbs. (372 Nm).
    2.  
    3. Install the snapring.
    4.  
    5. Slide the axle shaft into the axle tube. Make sure the splines on the axle shaft properly engage the grooves in the differential unit.
    6.  
    7. Install the lockwashers and nuts. Tighten the nuts to 55 ft. lbs. (75 Nm), or to 76 ft. lbs. (103 Nm) for 1992-95 Pick-Up models.
    8.  
    9. Install the rear brake components, as described in Brakes .
    10.  
    11. Install the wheel and tire assemblies, lower the vehicle and remove the front wheel blocks.
    12.  

    BANJO TYPE-WITH REAR DRUM BRAKES

    See Figure 5



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Fig. 5: Exploded view of the rear axle shaft and related components-Banjo Type rear axle with drum brakes

    1. Block the front wheels.
    2.  
    3. Raise and safely support the rear of the vehicle on jackstands.
    4.  
    5. Remove the rear wheels and brake components.
    6.  
    7. Remove the 4 axle retaining bolts.
    8.  
    9. Using a slide hammer, pull the axle out of the housing.
    10.  
    11. Support the axle shaft and remove the bearing retainer locknut.
    12.  
    13. Remove the retainer, bearing and seal from the axle shaft.
    14.  
    15. Using a seal driver tool, remove the seal from the bearing holder.
    16.  

    To install:
    1. Install a new seal in the bearing holder with the seal driver tool. Install the bearing holder.
    2.  
    3. Position the bearing and lockwasher. Tighten the bearing retaining nut to 188-195 ft. lbs. (250-275 Nm).
    4.  
    5. If your vehicle had shims between the bearing holder and the axle case at disassembly (1992-95 Pick-Up and Amigo models), perform the following procedure:
      1. Install the axle assembly into the axle housing, making sure the end splines of the axle shaft engage the grooves in the differential unit correctly, with a 0.079 in. (2mm) thick spacer between the bearing holder and the axle case flange.
      2.  
      3. Install the axle shaft assembly on the opposite side and push it in until it fits against the differential thrust block.
      4.  
      5. Measure the clearance between the bearing holder and the axle case flange and determine the thickness of the shim to be installed by the following formula: Measured clearance + 0.012 in. (0.3mm) = thickness of shim to be installed on the second axle shaft. Shims are available in the following thicknesses: 0.039 in. (1mm), 0.026 in. (0.5mm), 0.005 in. (0.13mm), 0.003 in. (0.076mm), 0.002 in. (0.05mm).
      6.  

    6.  
    7. If the vehicle did not utilize shims, install the axle shaft into the housing, making sure the splines on the end of the axle shaft properly engage the grooves in the differential unit.
    8.  
    9. Tighten the 4 axle retaining bolts to 50-58 ft. lbs. (68-81 Nm).
    10.  
    11. Install the rear brake components. Adjust the rear brakes if necessary. Refer to Brakes for more information regarding rear brake procedures.
    12.  
    13. Install the rear wheels.
    14.  
    15. Check the level of the axle lubricant and add fluid, if necessary. For more details, refer to General Information & Maintenance .
    16.  
    17. Lower the vehicle and remove the front wheel blocks.
    18.  

    SALISBURY (SAGINAW) REAR AXLE

    See Figures 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 and 11



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Fig. 6: Exploded view of the entire rear axle assembly-Salisbury Type (Saginaw) rear axle



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Fig. 7: Cross-section of the axle shaft bearings and seal



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Fig. 8: After removing the pinion shaft lockbolt and pinion shaft, push the axle in toward the differential and remove the C lockclip



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Fig. 9: Use Tool J-22813-01 and J-2619-01, or their equivalents, to pull the old axle shaft bearing out of the axle tube



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Fig. 10: Install the new bearing with Tool J-23765 and J-8092, or equivalents, until the bearing is seated flush against the stop



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Fig. 11: Use Tool J-23771, or equivalent, and a hammer to tap a new oil seal into the axle tube bore

    1. Block the front wheels.
    2.  
    3. Raise and safely support the front of the vehicle on jackstands.
    4.  
    5. Remove the rear wheels and brake drums.
    6.  
    7. Drain the rear axle lubricant into a catch pan by removing the rear axle housing cover. For more information, refer to General Information & Maintenance .
    8.  
    9. Remove the pinion shaft lockbolt and the pinion shaft.
    10.  

    Do not turn the driveshaft or rotate the ring gear with the pinion shaft removed or the spider gears will not be properly aligned and may fall out.

    1. From the wheel mounting flange, push the axle shaft slightly inward and remove the C lockclip from the innermost end of the axle shaft.
    2.  
    3. Pull the axle shaft out of the axle housing.
    4.  
    5. Pry the oil seal out of the axle housing with an oil seal removing tool.
    6.  
    7. Use tool No. J-22813-01, or a similar slide hammer with a hook, to remove the axle bearing from the end of the axle tube.
    8.  

    To install:
    1. Use a bearing driver, or properly-sized large socket, to drive the new bearing into the axle shaft housing. Make sure it is installed until it is completely flush against the bearing stop in the axle tube.
    2.  
    3. Use an oil seal installer, or properly-sized large socket, to install the new oil seal into the axle housing.
    4.  
    5. Carefully slide the axle shaft into the axle housing, taking care not to damage the oil seal. The axle may have to be rotated a little to properly engage the splines in the differential side gear.
    6.  
    7. Push the axle shaft in until the C lockclip groove is accessible, then install the C lockclip.
    8.  
    9. Pull the axle shaft out to seat the C lockclip against the stop. Install the pinion shaft and pinion shaft lockbolt. Tighten the lockbolt to 25 ft. lbs. (34 Nm).
    10.  
    11. Install the differential cover using a new gasket. Tighten the cover bolts to 20 ft. lbs. (27 Nm).
    12.  
    13. Fill the differential with the proper amount of lubricant. For more information, refer to General Information & Maintenance .
    14.  
    15. Install the rear brake drums and rear wheels.
    16.  
    17. Lower the vehicle and remove the front wheel blocks.
    18.  

    1995-96 Trooper Models
    1. Block the front wheels.
    2.  
    3. Raise and safely support the front of the vehicle on jackstands.
    4.  
    5. Remove the rear wheels.
    6.  
    7. Remove the brake caliper and caliper brackets. Support the calipers up and out of the way with wire. Do not disconnect the brake hoses.
    8.  
    9. Remove the rear brake rotors. If equipped with ABS, unbolt the wheel sensor wire brackets from the axle tubes. Be careful not to damage the wheel sensors.
    10.  
    11. Disconnect the parking brake cable from the parking brake shoe assembly. Unbolt the brake cable bracket from the backing plate. Remove the parking brake shoe assembly. For more information, refer to Brakes .
    12.  
    13. Matchmark the bearing case to the axle tube flange. Mark the hubs so the axle shafts will not be confused.
    14.  
    15. Remove the bearing case mounting nuts from the axle tube flanges.
    16.  
    17. Remove the axle shafts from the axle.
    18.  
    19. Remove the snapring from the bearing case retainer.
    20.  
    21. Mount the axle shaft and bearing assembly into the special press holder, tool No. J-39211 or equivalent. Place the axle shaft assembly and the special holder into a hydraulic press.
    22.  
    23. Press the retainer from the axle shaft.
    24.  
    25. Remove the axle shaft bearing, bearing case, and brake rotor backing plate from the axle shaft.
    26.  
    27. Inspect the axle shaft and its splines for signs of wear, scoring, or other damage. Replace the retainer if it is damaged in the press.
    28.  

    To install:
    1. Use tool No. J-39379 or a suitably-sized seal installer to install a new shaft seal into the bearing case.
    2.  
    3. Assemble the brake backing plate and bearing case onto the axle shaft.
    4.  
    5. Install a new bearing onto the axle shaft. Place the retainer into position on the axle shaft.
    6.  
    7. Mount the axle shaft and bearing assembly into the special press base, tool No. J-39212. Place the axle shaft assembly and the special base into a hydraulic press.
    8.  
    9. Press the retainer onto the axle shaft. Do not exert more pressing force than is necessary to fit the retainer and bearing assembly together.
    10.  
    11. Install a new snapring onto the bearing case retainer.
    12.  
    13. Install the axle shaft assembly into the axle tube. Make sure the splines engage into the differential carrier. Use the matchmarks as reference points.
    14.  
    15. Install the bearing case nuts with new lockwashers. Tighten the nuts to 54 ft. lbs. (74 Nm).
    16.  
    17. Install the parking brake shoes. Reconnect the parking brake cable to the shoes and install its backing plate bracket mounting bolts.
    18.  
    19. Install the ABS wheel sensor wire brackets onto the axle tubes.
    20.  
    21. Install the rear brake rotors.
    22.  
    23. Install the brake caliper brackets and calipers. Tighten the bracket bolts on 1995 models to 109 ft. lbs. (148 Nm), or to 76 ft. lbs. (103 Nm) for 1996 models. Tighten the caliper bolts to 32 ft. lbs. (44 Nm).
    24.  
    25. Install the rear wheels.
    26.  
    27. Bleed the brakes, if necessary.
    28.  
    29. Check the differential oil level and refill as necessary. For more details, refer to General Information & Maintenance .
    30.  
    31. Road test the vehicle and check for abnormal bearing and gear noises.
    32.  

    1995-96 Rodeo Models

    The Dana rear drive axle on the 1995-96 Rodeo models is easy to distinguish from the Saginaw rear drive axle as follows: the Dana rear differential cover is asymmetrical and angular, whereas the Saginaw rear cover is symmetrical and oval-shaped.

    SALISBURY TYPE (DANA)

    See Figures 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17 and 18



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Fig. 12: The rear cover on the Dana rear axle is angular and asymmetrical, unlike the Saginaw rear axle



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Fig. 13: Cross-section view of the rear axle shaft bearings and oil seal-Dana Salisbury Type rear axle with disc brakes



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Fig. 14: Cross-section view of the rear axle shaft bearings and oil seal-Dana Salisbury Type rear axle with drum brakes



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Fig. 15: Use a hammer and chisel to break the old retainer ring off the axle shaft



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Fig. 16: Use the hammer and chisel to also break the bearing cage so it can be removed from the axle shaft as well



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Fig. 17: Use a bearing splitter and press tool (OTC-1126 or equivalent) to remove the old inner bearing race from the axle shaft



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Fig. 18: Make sure to install the various components, such as the bearing retainer, facing the correct direction

    1. Block the front wheels.
    2.  
    3. Raise and safely support the front of the vehicle on jackstands.
    4.  
    5. Remove the rear wheels.
    6.  
    7. If equipped with disc brakes, remove the rear brake caliper and support bracket. Use wire hooks to support the calipers.
    8.  
    9. If equipped with drum brakes, remove the brake drums and shoe assemblies.
    10.  
    11. Place a container under the axle flange to catch any dripping gear oil.
    12.  
    13. Remove the 4 axle retaining nuts and lockwashers.
    14.  
    15. Remove the axle shaft assembly from the axle housing.
    16.  
    17. Remove the snapring and bearing cup from the axle shaft.
    18.  
    19. Break the retainer ring with a hammer and chisel.
    20.  
    21. Break the bearing cage with a hammer and chisel and remove the bearing cage and roller.
    22.  
    23. Remove the oil seal and retainer. Then, remove the parking brake assembly and brake backing plate from the axle.
    24.  
    25. Use a press and a bearing splitter to remove the inner race from the axle shaft.
    26.  

    To install:
    1. Install the parking brake assembly and brake backing plate. Then, install the retainer plate.
    2.  
    3. Install the oil seal into the bearing holder. Install the bearing holder onto the axle assembly. The cup side of the bearing faces the inboard side of the axle shaft.
    4.  
    5. Press the bearing assembly on the axle shaft.
    6.  
    7. Install the retainer ring using a press.
    8.  
    9. Install the snapring.
    10.  
    11. Place the axle assembly into the axle housing, making sure the splines on the end of the axle shafts engage the grooves in the differential unit properly, then install the lockwashers and retaining nuts. Tighten the retaining nuts to 55 ft. lbs. (75 Nm).
    12.  
    13. Install the rear brake components.
    14.  
    15. Refill the differential with the proper type of gear oil. For more details, refer to General Information & Maintenance .
    16.  
    17. Install the rear wheels, lower the vehicle and remove the front wheel blocks.
    18.  

    SALISBURY TYPE (SAGINAW)
    1. Block the front wheels.
    2.  
    3. Raise and safely support the front of the vehicle on jackstands.
    4.  
    5. Remove the rear wheels and brake drums.
    6.  
    7. Drain the rear axle lubricant into a catch pan by removing the rear axle housing cover. For more information, refer to General Information & Maintenance .
    8.  
    9. Remove the pinion shaft lockbolt and the pinion shaft.
    10.  

    Do not turn the driveshaft or rotate the ring gear with the pinion shaft removed or the spider gears will not be properly aligned and may fall out.

    1. From the wheel mounting flange, push the axle shaft slightly inward and remove the C lockclip from the innermost end of the axle shaft.
    2.  
    3. Pull the axle shaft out of the axle housing.
    4.  
    5. Pry the oil seal out of the axle housing with an oil seal removing tool.
    6.  
    7. Use tool No. J-22813-01, or a similar slide hammer with a hook, to remove the axle bearing from the end of the axle tube.
    8.  

    To install:
    1. Use a bearing driver, or properly-sized large socket, to drive the new bearing into the axle shaft housing. Make sure it is installed until it is completely flush against the bearing stop in the axle tube.
    2.  
    3. Use an oil seal installer, or properly-sized large socket, to install the new oil seal into the axle housing.
    4.  
    5. Carefully slide the axle shaft into the axle housing, taking care not to damage the oil seal. The axle may have to be rotated a little to properly engage the splines in the differential side gear.
    6.  
    7. Push the axle shaft in until the C lockclip groove is accessible, then install the C lockclip.
    8.  
    9. Pull the axle shaft out to seat the C lockclip against the stop. Install the pinion shaft and pinion shaft lockbolt. Tighten the lockbolt to 25 ft. lbs. (34 Nm).
    10.  
    11. Install the differential cover using a new gasket. Tighten the cover bolts to 20 ft. lbs. (27 Nm).
    12.  
    13. Fill the differential with the proper amount of lubricant. For more information, refer to General Information & Maintenance .
    14.  
    15. Install the rear brake drums and rear wheels.
    16.  
    17. Lower the vehicle and remove the front wheel blocks.
    18.  

     
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