Isuzu Cars and Trucks 1981-1991

Tires and Wheels

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TIRE ROTATION

Tire rotation is recommended every 6000 miles or so, to obtain maximum tire wear. The pattern you use depends on whether or not your car has a usable spare. Radial tires should not be cross-switched (from one side of the car to the other); they last longer if their direction of rotation is not changed. Snow tires sometimes have directional arrows molded into the side of the carcass; the arrow shows the direction of rotation. They will wear very rapidly if the rotation is reversed.


NOTE
Mark the wheel position or direction of rotation on radial tires or studded snow tires before removing them.



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Fig. How to read tire wear



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Fig. Tire rotation diagrams Note that radials should not be cross-switched

TIRE DESIGN

For maximum satisfaction, tires should be used in sets of five. Mixing or different types (radial, bias-belted, fiberglass belted) should be avoided. Conventional bias tires are constructed so that the cords run bead-to-bead at an angle. Alternate plies run at an opposite angle. This type of construction gives rigidity to both tread and sidewall. Bias-belted tires are similar in construction to conventional bias ply tires. Belts run at an angle and also at a 90and#x00B0; angle to the bead, as in the radial tire. Tread life is improved considerably over the conventional bias tire. The radial tire differs in construction, but instead of the carcass plies running at an angle of 90and#x00B0; to each other, they run at an angle of 90and#x00B0; to the bead. This gives the tread a great deal of rigidity and the sidewall a great deal of flexibility and accounts for the characteristic bulge associated with radial tires.

Radial tire are recommended for use on all models. If they are used, tire sizes and wheel diameters should be selected to maintain ground clearance and tire load capacity equivalent to the minimum specified tire. Radial tires should always be used in sets of five, but in an emergency radial tires can be used with caution on the rear axle only. If this is done, both tires on the rear should be of radial design.


NOTE
Radial tires should never be used on only the front axle.

TIRE INFLATION

Tires should be checked weekly for proper air pressure. A chart, located either in the glove compartment or on the driver's or passenger's door, gives the recommended inflation pressures. Maximum fuel economy and tire life will result if the pressure is maintained at the highest figure given on the chart. Pressures should be checked before driving since pressure can increase as much as 6 pounds per square inch (psi) due to heat buildup. It is a good idea to have your own accurate pressure gauge, because not all gauges on service station air pumps can be trusted. When checking pressures, do not neglect the spare tire. Note that some spare tires require pressures considerably higher than those used in the other tires.

While you are about the task of checking air pressure, inspect the tire treads for cuts, bruises and other damage. Check the air valves to be sure that they are tight. Replace any missing valve caps.

Check the tires for uneven wear that might indicate the need for front end alignment or tire rotation. Tires should be replaced when a tread wear indicator appears as a solid band across the tread.

When buying new tires, give some thought to the following points, especially if you are considering a switch to larger tires or a different profile series:

  1. All 4 tires must be of the same construction type. This rule cannot be violated. Radial, bias, and bias-belted tires must not be mixed.
  2.  
  3. The wheels should be the correct width for the tire. Tire dealers have charts of tire and rim compatibility. A mismatch will cause sloppy handling and rapid tire wear. The tread width should match the rim width (inside bead to inside bead) within 25mm (1 in.). For radial tires, the rim width should be 80% or less of the tire (not tread) width.
  4.  
  5. The height (mounted diameter) of the new tires can change speedometer accuracy, engine speed at a given road speed, fuel mileage, acceleration, and ground clearance. Tire manufacturers furnish full measurement specifications.
  6.  
  7. The spare tire should be usable, at least for short distance and low speed operation, with the new tires.
  8.  
  9. There should not be any body interference when loaded, on bumps, or in turns.
  10.  


NOTE
The tires will perform well at all normal loads when inflated as recommended on the Tire Placard (located on the driver's door of your car).



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Fig. Tread wear indicators will appear when the tire is worn out



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Fig. A penny works as well as anything for checking tire tread depth; when you can see the top of Lincoln's head, it is time for a new tire.



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Fig. Tread depth can be checked with an inexpensive gauge

STORAGE

Store the tires at the proper inflation pressure if they are mounted on wheels. Keep them in a cool dry place, laid on their sides. If the tires are stored in the garage or basement, do not let them stand on a concrete floor; set them on strips of wood.

CARE OF SPECIAL WHEELS

An aluminum wheel may become porous and leak air. Locate the leak by inflating the assembly to 40 psi and dipping the assembly into water. Mark the leak areas. Remove the tire from the wheel and scuff the inside rim surface with 80 grit sandpaper. Apply a thick layer of adhesive/sealant part number 1052366 or equivalent to the leak area and allow six hours to dry.

Clean special wheels with a special mag wheel cleaner or mild soap and water. Do not use harsh detergents or solvents because the protective coating may be damaged.



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Fig. Troubleshooting Basic Wheel Problems



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Fig. Troubleshooting Basic Wheel Problems

 
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