Removal & Installation
See Figures 1 through 15
Even though the accompanying photos show the replacement of the front brake pads, this procedure also applies to the replacement of rear disc brake pads.
- Raise and support the vehicle safely using jackstands. Remove the wheel(s) on the side to be worked on.
For vehicles equipped with Anti-Lock Brakes (ABS), refer to the proper procedures concerning brake system servicing.
- Drain a small amount of the brake fluid from the front reservoir using a suction gun or a turkey baster.
- Place a C-clamp on the caliper so that the solid end contacts the back of the caliper and the screw end contacts the metal part of the outboard brake pad.
- Tighten the clamp until the caliper moves far enough to force the piston to the bottom of the piston bore. This will back the brake pads off of the rotor surface to facilitate the removal and installation of the caliper assembly.
- Remove the C-clamp.
Do not push down on the brake pedal or the piston and brake pads will return to their original positions up against the rotor.
- Remove the caliper mounting bolts. Tilt the top of the caliper outward and lift it off the rotor.
- Hold the anti-rattle clip against the caliper anchor plate and remove the outboard brake pad.
- Remove the inboard pad and the anti-rattle clip. Be sure that the support spring is removed with the inboard pad.
- Use a piece of wire to support the caliper so that no tension is placed on the brake hose. Do not allow the caliper to hang by the brake hose.
- Clean all the mounting holes and bushing grooves in the caliper ears. Clean the mounting bolts. Replace the bolts if they are corroded or if the threads are damaged. Wipe the inside of the caliper clean, including the exterior of the dust boot. Inspect the dust boot for cuts or cracks and for proper seating in the piston bore. If evidence of fluid leakage is noted, the caliper should be rebuilt.
Do not use abrasives on the bolts in order not to destroy their protective plating. You should not use compressed air to clean the inside of the caliper, as it may unseat the dust boot seal.
- If not already in place, attach the support spring to the inboard brake pad.
- Install the anti-rattle clip on the trailing end of the inboard pad's anchor plate. The split end of the clip must face away from the rotor.
- Install the inboard pad in the caliper. The pad must lay flat against the piston.
- Install the outboard pad in the caliper while holding the anti-rattle clip.
- With the pads installed, position the caliper over the rotor.
Before securing the caliper, ensure the brake hose is not twisted, kinked or touching any chassis parts.
- Lubricate the caliper pins and bushings with silicone grease. Line up the mounting holes in the caliper and the support bracket and insert the mounting bolts. Make sure that the bolts pass under the retaining ears on the inboard shoes. Push the bolts through until they engage the holes of the outboard pad and caliper ears. Thread the bolts into the support bracket and tighten them to 7-15 ft. lbs. (9-20 Nm).
- Fill the master cylinder with brake fluid and pump the brake pedal to seat the pads.
- Install the wheel assembly and lower the vehicle. Check the level of the brake fluid in the master cylinder and fill as necessary.
Measure lining wear by measuring the combined thickness of the pad and pad backing plate at the thinnest point. It must measure at least 5 / 16 in. (8mm) thick on all vehicles covered by this guide.
Always replace both brake pad assemblies (inboard and outboard pad) on both front wheels whenever necessary. The specifications given above on front disc brake lining wear should be used as the guide for replacement.