Jeep Wagoneer/Commando/Cherokee 1984-1998

Steering Linkage

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Removal & Installation



Pitman Arm (Steering Arm)

See Figure 1

It is recommended that that front end alignment be checked after performing this procedure.



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Fig. Fig. 1: Exploded view of the steering linkage

  1. Raise and support the vehicle safely.
  2.  
  3. Place the wheels in a straight ahead position.
  4.  
  5. Remove the cotter pin and nut, then disconnect the connecting rod from the pitman arm.
  6.  
  7. Matchmark the pitman arm and steering gear housing for installation alignment.
  8.  
  9. Remove the pitman arm nut. Some steering gears have a staked washer securing the nut. The arms of this washer must be bent out of the way to remove the nut.
  10.  
  11. Installation is the reverse of removal. Tighten the pitman arm nut to 185 ft. lbs. (250 Nm).
  12.  

Tie Rod End

It is recommended that that front end alignment be checked after performing this procedure.

CHEROKEE/WAGONEER AND COMANCHE

See Figures 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7

  1. Raise and support the vehicle safely.
  2.  



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Fig. Fig. 2: Using a pair of wire cutters, unbend the tie rod end cotter pin so that it is straight ...



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Fig. Fig. 3: ... then pull it out from the tie rod end ball stud



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Fig. Fig. 4: Loosen the castle nut just enough to provide room for the tie rod end ball stud to break loose from the knuckle



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Fig. Fig. 5: Using a socket and backup wrench, loosen the tie rod end clamp nut and bolt



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Fig. Fig. 6: Using a tie rod end puller tool, break loose the tie rod end from the steering knuckle

  1. Remove the cotter pins and retaining nuts at both ends of the tie rod.
  2.  
  3. Remove the tie rod ends from the steering arm and center link.
  4.  
  5. Count the number of visible threads on the tie rod and unscrew the tie rod ends.
  6.  



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Fig. Fig. 7: Be sure to count the number of turns to aid in installation of the new tie rod

  1. Installation is the reverse of removal. Install the tie rod ends, leaving the same number of threads exposed. Tighten the retaining nuts to 35 ft. lbs. (47 Nm).
  2.  

GRAND CHEROKEE/GRAND WAGONEER

See Figure 8

  1. Remove the cotter pins at the steering knuckle and drag link.
  2.  
  3. Loosen the ball studs using a suitable puller.
  4.  
  5. If necessary, loosen the end clamp bolts and remove the tie rod ends from the tube. Count the number of turns required to remove the tie rod ends so the replacement tie rod ends can be reinstalled in the same approximate position.
  6.  



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Fig. Fig. 8: Tie rod/drag link clamp bolts

To install:
  1. If removed, install the tie rod ends in the tube. Thread the tie rod ends into the tube the same number of turns required to remove the old ones.
  2.  
  3. Position the tie rod clamps and tighten to 20 ft. lbs. (27 Nm).
  4.  
  5. Install the tie rod on the drag link and steering knuckle and install the retaining nuts.
  6.  
  7. Tighten the ball stud nuts to 55 ft. lbs. (75 Nm) and install new cotter pins. If the ball stud hole does not align with the nut castellation, further tighten the nut in order to install the cotter pin.
  8.  
  9. Have the wheel alignment checked.
  10.  

Steering Connecting Rod (Drag Link)

It is recommended that that front end alignment be checked after performing this procedure.

CHEROKEE/WAGONEER AND COMANCHE

See Figures 9

  1. Raise and support the vehicle safely.
  2.  
  3. Place the wheels in a straight ahead position.
  4.  
  5. Remove the cotter pin and nut and disconnect the steering damper from the connecting rod.
  6.  



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Fig. Fig. 9: Connecting rod assembly

  1. Remove the cotter pins and nuts at each end of the rod, then disconnect the connecting rod from the knuckle and the pitman arm.
  2.  
  3. Install the connecting rod, with the wheels straight ahead and the pitman arm parallel with the vehicle centerline. Install the nuts and tighten all three to 35 ft. lbs. (47 Nm).
  4.  

GRAND CHEROKEE/GRAND WAGONEER
  1. Remove the cotter pins and nuts at the steering knuckle and drag link.
  2.  
  3. Remove the steering dampener ball stud from the drag link using a suitable puller tool.
  4.  
  5. Remove the tie rod from the drag link and remove the drag link from the steering knuckle and pitman arm using a suitable puller tool.
  6.  
  7. If necessary, loosen the end clamp bolts and remove the tie rod end from the link. Count the number of turns required to remove the tie rod end so the replacement tie rod end can be reinstalled in the same approximate position.
  8.  

To install:
  1. Install the drag link adjustment sleeve and tie rod end. Thread the tie rod end and sleeve onto the drag link the same number of turns required to remove the old ones.
  2.  
  3. Position the clamp bolts and tighten to 36 ft. lbs. (49 Nm).
  4.  
  5. Install the drag link to the steering knuckle, tie rod and pitman arm. Install the nuts and tighten to 55 ft. lbs. (75 Nm). Install new cotter pins. If the ball stud hole does not align with the nut castellation, further tighten the nut in order to install the cotter pin.
  6.  
  7. Install the steering dampener onto the drag link and tighten the nut to 55 ft. lbs. (75 Nm). Install a new cotter pin. If the ball stud hole does not align with the nut castellation, further tighten the nut in order to install the cotter pin.
  8.  
  9. Have the wheel alignment checked.
  10.  

Steering Dampener

See Figures 10, 11 and 12

It is recommended that that front end alignment be checked after performing this procedure.

  1. Raise and support the vehicle safely.
  2.  
  3. Place the wheels in a straight ahead position.
  4.  
  5. Remove the steering dampener retaining nut and bolt from the axle bracket.
  6.  
  7. Remove the cotter pin and nut from the piston rod ball stud at the drag link.
  8.  



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Fig. Fig. 10: Remove the cotter pin ...



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Fig. Fig. 11: ... and nut from the drag link

  1. Remove the steering dampener ball stud from the drag link.
  2.  



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Fig. Fig. 12: Separate the stud from the drag link

  1. Installation is the reverse of removal. Tighten retaining bolts to 55 ft. lbs. (75 Nm).
  2.  

 
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