Testing & Troubleshooting
This test requires an ammeter (0-400A), a voltmeter (0-20V accurate within 0.1 volt) and a tachometer (0-1,200 rpm)
- Hook up a voltmeter and ammeter as shown.
Check the starter engagement as follows:
- Remove the ECM(B+) fuse from the fuse/relay box.
Turn the ignition switch to START (III) with the shift lever in N or P position (A/T) or with the clutch pedal depressed (M/T). The starter should crank the engine.
If the starter cranks the engine erratically or too slowly, go to "Check for Wear and Damage".
Check the battery, battery positive cable, ground, starter cut relay, and the wire connections for looseness and corrosion.
If a problem is found, repair and retest.
- Unplug the connector from the starter.
Connect a jumper wire from the battery positive (+) terminal to the solenoid terminal. The starter should crank the engine.
NOTEAfter this test, or any subsequent repair, reset the ECM/PCM to clear any codes.
If the starter still does not crank the engine, remove it, and diagnose its internal problem.
Removal & Installation
- Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the Precautions Section.
- Disconnect the battery negative cable.
- Disconnect the starter cable (A) from the B terminal (B) on the solenoid (C), then disconnect the connector (D) from the "S" terminal (E).
- Remove the 2 bolts holding the starter, then remove the starter.
- Installation is the reverse of removal. Torque the nuts and bolts to 20 ft. lbs. (27 Nm).
Connect the battery positive cable and negative cable to the battery.