LS400 1990-1997

Camshaft Position Sensor

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Operation



Specific to:

Lexus LS400 1990-1999

The Camshaft Position (CMP) Sensor is a permanent magnet output coil device that operates within a 5 volt DC reference range, and monitors the speed and position of the camshaft. A reluctor is attached directly to the camshaft, and is used to generate a digital signal as it passes the magnetic coil; the alternating lines of magnetic flux are used by the sensor to produce a digital pulse. The CMP signal is used by the Powertrain Control Module (PCM) to calculate ignition timing, firing order, fuel injector timing, and misfire diagnostics.

Removal & Installation



Specific to:

Lexus LS400 1990-1999

  1. Remove V-Bank cover
  2.  
  3. Remove battery clamp cover
  4.  
  5. Remove air cleaner inlet
  6.  
  7. Drain engine coolant
  8.  
  9. Disconnect radiator hose
  10.  
  11. Remove no. 3 timing belt cover
  12.  
  13. Disconnect camshaft position sensor connector
  14.  
  15. Remove camshaft position sensor
    1. Remove the bolt, stud bolt and camshaft position sensor.

      Click image to see an enlarged view

      Fig. Camshaft position sensor components

    2.  

  16.  

To install:

  1. Install camshaft position sensor. Tighten the sensor to 66 inch lbs. (7.5 Nm).
  2.  
  3. Connect camshaft position sensor connector
  4.  
  5. Install no.3 timing belt cover
  6.  
  7. Connect radiator hose
  8.  
  9. Install air cleaner inlet
  10.  
  11. Install battery clamp cover
  12.  
  13. Install v-bank cover
  14.  
  15. Fill engine coolant
  16.  
  17. Check engine coolant for leaks
  18.  
  19. Check ignition timing
  20.  

Testing



Specific to:

Lexus LS400 1990-1999


NOTE
Refer to the Electrical Wiring Diagram for component and connector locations, connector views, and circuit-specific information.

CMP Circuit Testing

Specific to:

Lexus LS400 1990-1999

Use a suitable scan tool or a Graphing Multi-Meter (GMM in order to view the CMP data.

CMP Sensor logic is based on alternating lines of magnetic flux which generate a digital ON/OFF signal to the PCM, and are based on the speed and position of the camshaft.

Verify that the engine timing components (timing belt, timing chain, or timing gears) are properly installed, and that there is no foreign material obstructing the path between the reluctor and the CMP sensor. If any engine mechanical faults are evident, locate and repair as required before continuing.

A Digital Volt-Ohm Meter (DVOM) may be used to verify the condition of the wiring: additional information may be acquired by taking measurements at the sensor connector as well as the PCM connector. If significant resistance is measured (greater than 5 ohms) is measured, check the wiring harness and connections for corrosion, poor pin connections, or damaged wires.

If all engine wiring and pin connections are confirmed, disconnect the CMP Sensor to verify the signal with a GMM, and verify PCM communication before replacing the CMP Sensor.

Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. CMP Sensor Range Chart

CMP Sensor Strategy

Specific to:

Lexus LS400 1990-1999

The CMP Sensor provides a digital input signal to the Powertrain Control Module (PCM) for a number of engine control system calculations. The CMP signal is compared with the Crankshaft Position Sensor (CKP) and Vehicle Speed Sensor (VSS) for measured operating conditions, and the Pulse Width Modulation pattern is used by the Powertrain Control Module (PCM) to calculate ignition timing, firing order, fuel injector timing, and misfire diagnostics.

CMP Sensor feedback patterns vary according to the reluctor configuration and PCM logic. While most models use a single tooth for Top Dead Center (TDC), others may use multiple reluctor teeth for additional positions of camshaft rotation, which may include one per cylinder, or 0°,90°, 180°, and 270° respectively.

Connection & Wiring Diagnosis

Specific to:

Lexus LS400 1990-1999

Refer to the Electrical Wiring Diagram for component and connector locations, connector views, and circuit-specific information.

Many intermittent open or short circuits may be caused by wiring harness and connector movement due to vibration, engine torque, bumps and rough pavement, etc.

  1. Test the wiring harness and connectors by performing the following tests:

    Move the related connectors and wiring while monitoring the appropriate scan tool data.
     
    Move the related connectors and wiring with the component commanded ON and OFF. Using a suitable the scan tool, observe the component operation.
     
    With the engine running, move the related connectors and wiring while monitoring component operation.
     
    If harness or connector movement affects the data displayed, the component and system operation, or the engine operation, inspect and repair the harness or connections as necessary.
     

  2.  
  3. Test the connector terminal pins and/or wiring by performing the following tests:

    Inspect for incorrect mating of the connector halves, or terminals not fully seated in the connector body.
     
    Inspect for improperly formed or damaged terminals and test for incorrect terminal tension.
     
    Inspect for poor terminal to wire connections including terminals crimped over insulation. This requires removing the terminal from the connector body.
     
    Inspect for corrosion or water intrusion. Pierced or damaged insulation can allow moisture to enter the wiring. The conductor can corrode inside the insulation with little visible evidence. Look for swollen and/or brittle sections of wire in the suspect circuits.
     
    Inspect for wires that are broken inside the insulation by gently pulling on suspect sections of wiring.
     

  4.  

Related Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Specific to:

Lexus LS400 1990-1999



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Related Diagnostic Trouble Codes

 
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