The HO2S detects the presence of oxygen in the exhaust and produces a variable voltage according to the amount of oxygen detected. A high concentration of oxygen (lean air/fuel ratio) in the exhaust produces a voltage signal less than 0.4 volt. A low concentration of oxygen (rich air/fuel ratio) produces a voltage signal greater than 0.6 volt. The HO2S provides feedback to the PCM indicating air/fuel ratio in order to achieve a near stoichiometric air/fuel ratio of 14.7:1 during closed loop engine operation. The HO2S generates a voltage between 0.0 and 1.1 volts.
Embedded with the sensing element is the HO2S heater. The heating element heats the sensor to a temperature of 800°C (1400°F). At approximately 300°C (600°F) the engine can enter closed loop operation. The VPWR circuit supplies voltage to the heater. The PCM will turn on the heater by providing the ground when the proper conditions occur. The heater allows the engine to enter closed loop operation sooner. The use of this heater requires the HO2S heater control to be duty cycled, to prevent damage to the heater.
Removal & Installation
- Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the Precautions section.
- Raise and support the vehicle.
- Disconnect the wiring harness connector.
- Using an oxygen sensor wrench or socket, remove the oxygen sensor.
- Install the oxygen sensor and tighten to 30 ft. lbs. (40 Nm).
- Connect the wiring harness connector.
Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the Precautions section.
WARNINGUse only a high-impedance multimeter, otherwise damage to the PCM and/or sensors can result.
WARNINGDo not measure resistance between pins 3 and 4. Damage to the HO2S will result.
- With the key OFF , disconnect the HO2S harness connector.
Measure the HO2S sensor resistances as follows:
Pins 1 and 2: 3-30 ohms
- If any measurement is outside the range given, replace the HO2S.