Mazda Tribute 2001-06

Starter

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Removal & Installation



2.0L Engine
  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the Precautions section.
  2.  
  3. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Negative battery cable
     
    Starter bolts
     
    Exhaust system, AWD vehicles only
     
    Halfshaft support bracket bolts
     
    Starter electrical connectors
     
    Starter
     

  4.  


    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Removal of the starter motor-2.0L engine


To install:

  1. Install or connect the following:

    Starter. Torque bolts to 20 ft. lbs. (27 Nm).
     
    Starter electrical connectors
     
    Halfshaft support bracket. Torque the bolts to 11 ft. lbs. (15 Nm).
     
    Exhaust system on AWD vehicles. Torque the bolts to 18 ft. lbs. (25 Nm).
     
    Negative battery cable
     

  2.  

  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the Precautions Section.
  2.  
  3. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Negative battery cable
     
    Starter bolts
     
    Exhaust system, AWD vehicles only
     
    Halfshaft support bracket bolts
     
    Starter electrical connectors
     
    Starter
     

  4.  

To install:

  1. Install or connect the following:

    Starter. Torque bolts to 20 ft. lbs. (27 Nm).
     
    Starter electrical connectors
     
    Halfshaft support bracket. Torque the bolts to 11 ft. lbs. (15 Nm).
     
    Exhaust system on AWD vehicles. Torque the bolts to 18 ft. lbs. (25 Nm).
     
    Negative battery cable
     

  2.  

2.3L Engine


Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Starter mounting-2.3L engine


WARNING
When performing maintenance on the starting system, be aware that heavy gauge leads are connected directly to the battery. Make sure protective caps are in place when maintenance is completed.

  1. With the vehicle in NEUTRAL, position it on a hoist
  2.  
  3. Disconnect the battery ground cable.
  4.  
  5. Starter motor solenoid terminal cover
  6.  
  7. Starter solenoid wire
  8.  
  9. Starter solenoid battery cable
  10.  
  11. Wiring harness retainer
  12.  
  13. Ground strap
  14.  
  15. Starter motor stud bolts
  16.  
  17. Starter motor bracket bolt
  18.  
  19. Starter motor
  20.  
  21. To install, reverse the removal procedure. Torque the starter and bracket bolts to 18 ft. lbs. (25 Nm).
  22.  



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Starter and related components-2.3L engine


WARNING
When performing maintenance on the starting system, be aware that heavy gauge leads are connected directly to the battery. Make sure protective caps are in place when maintenance is completed.

  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the Precautions Section.
  2.  
  3. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
    NOTE
    To deplete the backup power supply energy, disconnect the negative battery cable and wait at least one minute. Be sure to disconnect auxiliary batteries and power supplies, if equipped.

  4.  
  5. Raise and support the vehicle safely.
  6.  
  7. Remove the halfshaft support bracket bolts and nuts.
  8.  
  9. Remove the starter motor solenoid terminal cover, solenoid wire and the solenoid battery cable.
  10.  
  11. Disconnect the wiring harness retainer and ground strap.
  12.  
  13. Remove the starter motor stud bolts, starter motor bracket bolt and starter motor.
  14.  

To install:

  1. To install, reverse the removal procedure.
  2.  
  3. Torque the starter and bracket bolts to 20 ft. lbs. (27 Nm).
  4.  

3.0L Engine
  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the Precautions section.
  2.  
  3. Drain the cooling system.
  4.  
  5. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Negative battery cable
     
    Air cleaner outlet tube
     
    Coolant hoses and move the thermostat aside
     
    Starter electrical connectors
     
    Starter
     

  6.  

To install:

  1. Install or connect the following:

    Starter. Torque bolts to 20 ft. lbs. (27 Nm).
     
    Starter electrical connectors and reposition the thermostat
     
    Connect the 4 coolant hoses
     
    Air cleaner outlet tube
     
    Negative battery cable
     

  2.  
  3. Fill the cooling system to the proper level.
  4.  
  5. Start the vehicle and check for leaks, repair if necessary.
  6.  



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Starter and related components-3.0L engine


WARNING
When performing maintenance on the starting system, be aware that heavy gauge leads are connected directly to the battery. Make sure protective caps are in place when maintenance is completed.

  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the Precautions Section.
  2.  
  3. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
    NOTE
    To deplete the backup power supply energy, disconnect the negative battery cable and wait at least one minute. Be sure to disconnect auxiliary batteries and power supplies, if equipped.

  4.  
  5. Drain the cooling system.
  6.  
  7. Remove the air cleaner assembly.
  8.  
  9. Disconnect the hoses and position the thermostat to the side.
  10.  
  11. Disconnect the starter motor electrical connections, and position them to the side.
  12.  
  13. Remove the starter mounting bolts. Remove the starter from the vehicle.
  14.  

To install:

  1. To install, reverse the removal procedure.
  2.  
  3. Torque the starter and bracket bolts to 20 ft. lbs. (27 Nm).
  4.  
  5. Fill the cooling system, using the proper grade and type coolant.
  6.  
  7. Start the engine and check for leaks.
  8.  

Testing & Troubleshooting



Feed Circuit Test

NOTE
Make all multimeter connections at the component terminal rather than the cable or wiring terminal.

  1. Make sure the battery is fully charged.
  2.  
  3. Disconnect the ignition coil connector.
  4.  
  5. Connect a remote starter switch between the starter solenoid S-terminal and the battery positive post.
  6.  
  7. Connect the positive lead of digital multimeter to the battery positive post. Connect the negative lead of the multimeter to the starter solenoid M-terminal.

    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Testing starter motor feed circuit

  8.  
  9. Engage the remote starter switch. Read and record the voltage. The multimeter reading should be 0.5 volt or less.
  10.  
  11. If the voltage reading is 0.5 volt or less, go to the Ground Circuit Component Test
  12.  
  13. If the voltage reading is greater than 0.5 volt, this is an indication of excessive resistance in the connections, the positive battery cable or in the starter solenoid. Move the digital multimeter negative lead to the starter solenoid B-terminal and repeat the test. If the voltage reading at the B-terminal is lower than 0.5 volt, the concern is either in the connections at the starter solenoid or in the solenoid contacts.
  14.  
  15. Remove the cables at the starter solenoid B-, S-, and M-terminals. Clean the connections and install the cables. Repeat Steps 3 through 6 above. If the reading is still higher than 0.5 volt at the M-terminal and 0.5 volt or lower at the B-terminal, the concern is the solenoid contacts. Install a new starter motor.
  16.  
  17. If the voltage measured in Step 5 is greater than 0.5 volt, the concern is either the positive battery cable connection or the positive battery cable itself. Clean the positive battery cable connection. If this does not solve the problem, install a new positive battery cable.
  18.  

Ground Circuit Test
  1. Disconnect the ignition coil connector.
  2.  
  3. Connect a remote starter switch between the starter solenoid S-terminal and the battery positive (+) terminal.
  4.  
  5. Connect the positive lead of digital multimeter to the starter motor housing. The connection must be clean and free of rust or grease. Connect the negative lead to the negative battery terminal.
  6.  


  7. Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Starter motor circuit test

  8.  
  9. Engage the remote starter switch and read the voltage. The reading should be 0.2 volt or less.
  10.  
  11. If the voltage drop is greater than 0.2 volt, clean the negative battery cable connections at the battery, the body ground connections, and the starter ground connections. Retest.
  12.  
  13. If the voltage is still more than 0.2 volt, install a new cable. If the reading is less than 0.2 volt and the engine still cranks slowly, install a new starter motor.
  14.  

 
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