REMOVAL & INSTALLATION
Pickups and MPV
See Figures 1, 2 and 3
- Raise and support the rear end on jackstands.
- Remove the wheels.
- Remove the drum attaching screws and insert them in the threaded holes in the drum. Turn the screws inward, evenly, to force the rum off the hub.
- Thoroughly inspect the drum. Discard a cracked drum. If the drum is suspected of being out of round, or shows signs of wear or has a ridged or rough surface, have it turned on a lathe at a machine shop. The maximum oversize is stamped into the drum.
- Installation is the reverse of removal. Make sure that the holes are aligned for the attaching screws. Tighten the screws evenly to install the drum.
- Raise the vehicle so that the wheel to be worked on is clear of the floor and install jackstands under the vehicle.
- Remove the hub cap and the wheel/tire assembly. Remove the 3 retaining nuts and remove the brake drum. It may be necessary to back off the brake shoe adjustment in order to remove the brake drum. This is because the drum might be grooved or worn from being in service for an extended period of time.
- Before installing a new brake drum, be sure and remove any protective coating with carburetor degreaser.
- Install the brake drum in the reverse order of removal and adjusts the brakes.
See Figure 4
After the brake drum has been removed from the vehicle, it should be inspected for runout, severe scoring cracks, and the proper inside diameter.
Minor scores on a brake drum can be removed with fine emery cloth, provided that all grit is removed from the drum before it is installed on the vehicle.
A badly scored, rough, or out-of-round (runout) drum can be ground or turned on a brake drum lathe. Do not remove any more material from the drum than is necessary to provide a smooth surface for the brake shoe to contact. The maximum diameter of the braking surface is shown on the inside of each brake drum. Brake drums that exceed the maximum braking surface diameter shown on the brake drum, either through wear or refinishing, must be replaced. This is because after the outside wall of the brake drum reaches a certain thickness (thinner than the original thickness) the drum loses its ability to dissipate the heat created by the friction between the brake drum and the brake shoes, when the brakes are applied. Also the brake drum will have more tendency to warp and/or crack.
The maximum braking surface diameter specification, which is shown on each drum, allows for a 0.060 inch (1.5mm) machining cut over the original nominal drum diameter plus 0.030 inch (0.76mm) additional wear before reaching the diameter where the drum must be discarded. Use a brake drum micrometer to measure the inside diameter of the brake drums.