Mazda Trucks 1994-1998 Repair Guide

Vehicle Speed Sensor (VSS)

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OPERATION



The Vehicle Speed Sensor (VSS) is a magnetic pick-up that sends a signal to the Powertrain Control Module (PCM). The sensor measures the rotation of the transmission and the PCM determines the corresponding vehicle speed.

TESTING



See Figure 1

  1. Turn the ignition switch to the OFF position.
  2.  
  3. Disengage the wiring harness connector from the VSS.
  4.  
  5. Using a Digital Volt-Ohmmeter (DVOM), measure the resistance (DVOM ohmmeter function) between the sensor terminals. If the resistance is 190-250 ohms, the sensor is okay.
  6.  



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 1: Typical Vehicle Speed Sensor (VSS) and its wiring harness connections

REMOVAL & INSTALLATION



The VSS is located half-way down the right-hand side of the transmission assembly.

  1. Apply parking brake, block the rear wheels, then raise and safely support the front of the vehicle on jackstands.
  2.  
  3. From under the right-hand side of the vehicle, disengage the wiring harness connector from the VSS.
  4.  
  5. Loosen the VSS hold-down bolt, then pull the VSS out of the transmission housing.
  6.  

To install:
  1. If a new sensor is being installed, transfer the driven gear retainer and gear to the new sensor.
  2.  
  3. Ensure that the O-ring is properly seated in the VSS housing.
  4.  
  5. For ease of assembly, engage the wiring harness connector to the VSS, then insert the VSS into the transmission assembly.
  6.  
  7. Install and tighten the VSS hold-down bolt to 62-88 inch lbs. (7-10 Nm).
  8.  
  9. Lower the vehicle and remove the wheel blocks.
  10.  

 
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