The coolant temperature sending unit is used to operate the temperature gauge. Do not confuse this sending unit with the other switches or sensors used to signal the engine control unit or air conditioning regarding temperature of the coolant. Usually, these other units are mounted near the coolant temperature sensor used for engine control.Gauge Check
- Detach the engine coolant gauge sending unit electrical connector.
- Connect a suitable test light (12V-3.4W) between the harness side connector and the ground.
- Turn the ignition switch to the ON position.
- Check the condition of the test light and gauge as follows:
- If all components are operating properly, the test light should illuminate and the gauge needle should move.
- If the test light is illuminated and the gauge needle does not move, replace the coolant temperature gauge.
- If the test light is illuminated and the gauge needle does not move, check the fuse for a broken wire, or resistance between the gauge terminals
- If the test light is not illuminated and the gauge is not moving, check, then replace the wiring harness, if necessary.
- Drain the engine coolant to a level below the coolant temperature sending unit.
- Disconnect the sending unit wiring harness and remove the coolant temperature sending unit.
- Place the sending unit tip in a pan of warm water. Use a thermometer to measure the water temperature.
- Measure the resistance across the sending unit terminals while the sending unit is in the water.
- Note the ohm reading and compare to the following specifications:
- Water temperature of 68°F (20°C)-2.21-2.69 kilo-ohms resistance
- Water temperature of 158°F (70°C)-90.5-117.5 ohms resistance
- Water temperature of 176°F (80°C)-264-328 ohms resistance.
If the resistance is not approximately accurate for the temperature, the sending unit must be replaced.
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION
- Disconnect the negative battery cable.
- Position a suitable drain pan under the radiator.
- Drain the engine coolant a level below the coolant temperature sending unit.
- Disconnect the sending unit wiring harness, then remove the coolant temperature sending unit from the engine.
- Coat the sending unit threads with a suitable thread sealant.
- Install the engine coolant temperature gauge sending unit into the bore in the engine and tighten to 7-8 ft. lbs. (10-12 Nm).
- Attach the electrical harness connector to the sending unit.
- Fill the cooling system to the proper level. Connect the negative battery cable.