Description & Operation
High tension leads route to each cylinder from the coil. The coil fires 2 spark plugs at every power-stroke: one at compression; the other on the exhaust stroke. Coil No. 1 fires cylinders 1 and 4. Coil No. 2 fires cylinders Nos. 2 and 3. The PCM determines which of the coils to charge and fire at the correct time.
The Auto Shutdown (ASD) relay provides battery voltage to the ignition coil. The PCM provides a ground contact (circuit) for energizing the coil. When the PCM breaks the contact, the energy in the coil primary transfers to the secondary causing the spark. The PCM will de-energize the ASD relay if it does not receive the crankshaft position sensor and camshaft position sensor inputs. Refer to Auto Shutdown (ASD) Relay.
Base timing is non-adjustable, but is set from the factory at approximately 10 BTDC when the engine is warm and idling.
There is an adaptive dwell strategy that runs dwell from 4-6 msec when engine speed is below 3000 rpm and battery voltage is 12-14 volts. During cranking, dwell can be as much as 200 msec. The adaptive dwell is driven by the sensed current flow through the injector drivers. Current flow is limited to 8 amps. The coil pack assembly consists of 2 coils molded together. The coil pack is mounted on the valve cover.
The low resistance of the primary coils can allow current flow in excess of 15 amps. The PCM has a current sensing device in the coil output circuit. As dwell time starts, the PCM allows current to flow. When the sensing device registers 8 amps, the PCM begins to regulate current flow to maintain and not exceed 8 amps through the remainder of the dwell time. This prevents the PCM from being damaged by excess current flow.
Removal & Installation
- Disconnect electrical connector from coil pack.
- Remove coil pack mounting bolts.
- Remove coil pack.
- Install coil pack on valve cover.
- Transfer spark plug cables to new coil pack. The coil pack towers are numbered with the cylinder identification. Be sure the ignition cables snap onto the towers.
|Coil Manufacturer||Primary Resistance||Secondary Resistance|
|Weastec (Steel Towers)||0.45-0.65 ohms @ 21-27C||11.5-13.5K ohms @ 21-27C|
|Diamond (Copper Towers)||0.53-0.65 ohms @ 21-27C||10.9-14.7K ohms @ 21-27C|
Identifying ignition coil resistances
- Disconnect the negative battery cable.
- Tag and unplug the spark plug wires from the ignition coil.
- Detach the electrical connector from the ignition coil.
Remove the ignition coil mounting nuts, then remove the ignition coil pack from the vehicle.
- Install the ignition coil pack and secure with the mounting nuts.
- Attach the electrical connector to the ignition coil.
- Connect the spark plug wires to the coil, as tagged during removal. Make sure the wires are installed correctly and that the cables snap onto the towers.
- Connect the negative battery cable.
Resistance values are for ambient temperature of 70°F to 80°F.Primary Coil Resistance Test
- Unplug the electrical connector from the ignition coil pack.
Measure the primary resistance of each coil. At the coil, connect an ohmmeter between the B+ pin and the pin corresponding to the cylinders in question. The resistance on the primary side of each coil should be:
- Weastec (Steel Towers): 0.45-0.65 ohms.
- Diamond (Brass Towers): 0.53-0.65 ohms.
Replace the coil if not within specifications.
- Disconnect the spark plug wires from the secondary towers of the ignition coil.
- Use an ohmmeter to measure the secondary resistance of the coil between towers 1 and 4, then between towers 2 and 3.
The secondary resistance should be:
- Weastec (Steel Towers): 11,500-13,500 ohms
- Diamond (Brass Towers): 10,900-14,700 ohms
If resistance is not within specifications, the coil must be replaced.