Neon, 2000 - 2005

Description & Operation (16 of 19)

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Fig.

The Powertrain Control Module (PCM) is a digital computer containing a microprocessor. The PCM receives input signals from various switches and sensors that are referred to as PCM Inputs. Based on these inputs, the PCM adjusts various engine and vehicle operations through devices that are referred to as PCM Outputs. Location of the PCM on 2.0L engines

PCM Ground



Ground is provided through multiple pins of the PCM connector. Depending on the vehicle there may be as many as three different ground pins. There are power grounds and sensor grounds.

The power grounds are used to control the ground side of any relay, solenoid, ignition coil or injector. The signal ground is used for any input that uses sensor return for ground, and the ground side of any internal processing component.

The SBEC III case is shielded to prevent RFI and EMI. The PCM case is grounded and must be firmly attached to a good clean body ground.

Internally all grounds are connected together, however there is noise suppression on the sensor ground. For EMI and RFI protection the case is also grounded separately from the ground pins.

PCM Inputs





Air Conditioning Controls
 
Battery Voltage
 
Inlet Air/Battery Temperature Sensor
 
Brake Switch
 
Camshaft Position Sensor
 
Crankshaft Position Sensor
 
Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor
 
Fuel Level Sensor
 
Ignition Switch
 
Inlet Air/Intake Air Temperature Sensor
 
Knock Sensor
 
Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP) Sensor
 
Oxygen Sensors
 
Power Steering Pressure Switch
 
SCI Receive
 
Speed Control Switches
 
Throttle Position Sensor
 
Transmission Park/Neutral Switch (automatic transmission)
 
Vehicle Speed Sensor
 

PCM Outputs





Air Conditioning WOT Relay
 
Auto Shutdown (ASD) Relay
 
Charging Indicator Lamp
 
Data Link Connector
 
Proportional Purge Solenoid
 
EGR Solenoid
 
Fuel Injectors
 
Fuel Pump Relay
 
Generator Field
 
Idle Air Control Motor
 
Ignition Coils
 
Malfunction Indicator (Check Engine) Lamp
 
Radiator Fan Relay
 
Speed Control Solenoids
 
Tachometer
 
Torque Converter Clutch Solenoid
 

Based on inputs it receives, the PCM adjusts fuel injector pulse width, idle speed, ignition spark advance, ignition coil dwell and EVAP canister purge operation. The PCM regulates the cooling fan, air conditioning and speed control systems, and changes generator charge rate by adjusting the generator field. The PCM also performs diagnostics.

The PCM adjusts injector pulse width (air-fuel ratio) based on the following inputs:



Battery voltage
 
Coolant temperature
 
Inlet Air/Intake air temperature
 
Exhaust gas content (oxygen sensor)
 
Engine speed (crankshaft position sensor)
 
Manifold absolute pressure
 
Throttle position
 

The PCM adjusts ignition timing based on the following inputs:



Coolant temperature
 
Inlet Air/Intake air temperature
 
Engine speed (crankshaft position sensor)
 
Knock sensor
 
Manifold absolute pressure
 
Throttle position
 
Transmission gear selection (park/neutral switch)
 

The PCM also adjusts engine idle speed through the idle air control motor based on the following inputs:



Air conditioning sense
 
Battery voltage
 
Battery temperature
 
Brake switch
 
Coolant temperature
 
Engine speed (crankshaft position sensor)
 
Engine run time
 
Manifold absolute pressure
 
Power steering pressure switch
 
Throttle position
 
Transmission gear selection (park/neutral switch)
 
Vehicle distance (speed)
 

The crankshaft position sensor signal is sent to the PCM. If the PCM does not receive the signal within approximately one second of engine cranking, it deactivates the ASD relay and fuel pump relay. When these relays deactivate, power is shut off from the fuel injectors, ignition coils, heating element in the oxygen sensors and the fuel pump.

The PCM contains a voltage converter that changes battery voltage to a regulated 8 volts direct current to power the camshaft position sensor, crankshaft position sensor and vehicle speed sensor. The PCM also provides a 5-volt direct current supply for the manifold absolute pressure sensor and throttle position sensor.

 
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