The PCM requires the VSS to be able to control the following programs:
The vehicle speed sensor on 3-speed automatic and manual transaxle vehicles is a Hall-effect sensor. This sensor is mechanically driven by a pinion gear that is in mesh with the right axle drive shaft. The hall-effect sensor switches a 5-volt signal sent from the PCM from a ground to an open circuit.
Like all Hall-effect sensors, the electronics of the sensor needs a power source. This power source is provided by the PCM. It is the same 8-volt power supply that is used by the CKP and CMP sensors.
The vehicle speed sensor generates 8 pulses per sensor revolution. This signal, in conjunction with a closed throttle signal from the throttle position sensor, indicates a closed throttle deceleration to the PCM. Under deceleration conditions, the PCM adjusts the Idle Air Control (IAC) motor to maintain a desired MAP value.
When the vehicle is stopped at idle, a closed throttle signal is received by the PCM (but a speed sensor signal is not received). Under idle conditions, the PCM adjusts the IAC motor to maintain a desired engine speed