Nissan Maxima 1993-1998 Repair Guide

Spark Plug Wires

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Every 15,000 miles (24,000 km) ,inspect the spark plug wires for burns, cuts or breaks in the insulation. Check the boots and the nipples on the distributor cap. Replace any damaged wiring.

Every 50,000 miles (80,000 km) or 60 months, the resistance of the wires should be checked with an ohmmeter. Wires with excessive resistance will cause misfiring, and may make the engine difficult to start in damp weather.

TESTING



See Figure 1



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 1: Checking individual plug wire resistance with a digital ohmmeter

  1. Remove the distributor cap, leaving the wires in place.
  2.  
  3. Connect one lead of an ohmmeter to an electrode within the cap. Connect the other lead to the corresponding spark plug terminal (remove it from the spark plug for this test). Replace any wire which shows a resistance over 30,000 ohms. Resistance should not be over 25,000 ohms; 30,000 ohms must be considered the outer limit of acceptability.
  4.  

Resistance is also a function of length; the longer the wire, the greater the resistance. Thus, if the wires on your vehicle are longer than the factory originals, resistance will be higher, quite possibly outside the limits.

REMOVAL & INSTALLATION



When installing new wires, replace them one at a time to avoid mix-ups. Start by replacing the longest one first. Install the boot firmly over the spark plug. Route the wire over the same path as the original. Insert the nipple firmly onto the tower on the distributor cap, then install the cap cover and latches to secure the wires.

 
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