Nissan Maxima 1993-1998 Repair Guide

Power Steering Gear

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REMOVAL & INSTALLATION



See Figures 1 and 2


CAUTION
The air bag system must be disarmed before removing the steering wheel. Failure to do so may cause accidental deployment, property damage or personal injury.

  1. Point the front tires straight ahead and lock the steering in this position.
  2.  


WARNING
Do not turn the steering wheel or column with the lower joint removed from the steering column or the spiral cable may be damaged.

  1. Remove the steering wheel.
  2.  

The steering wheel must be removed before disconnecting the steering column lower joint to avoid damaging the SRS spiral cable.

  1. Raise and support the vehicle safely and remove the front wheels.
  2.  
  3. Disconnect the tie rod ends from the steering knuckles.
  4.  
  5. Remove the carbon canister from the vehicle.
  6.  
  7. Support the engine then remove the bolts attaching the engine mounts to the engine mounting center member. Remove the engine mounting center member.
  8.  
  9. Remove the front stabilizer bar from the vehicle.
  10.  
  11. Remove the nuts attaching the hole cover to the bulkhead.
  12.  
  13. Move the hole cover aside and disconnect the lower joint from the rack and pinion. Matchmark the pinion shaft and the pinion housing to record the steering neutral position.
  14.  
  15. Disconnect the power steering fluid pipes from the rack and pinion.
  16.  
  17. Remove the bolts attaching the mounting brackets and remove the rack and pinion from the vehicle.
  18.  

To install:
  1. Position the rack and pinion in the vehicle and install the mounting brackets. Tighten the mounting nuts and bolts in the proper sequence.
  2.  
  3. Install new O-rings to the power steering fluid pipes and connect them to the rack and pinion. Tighten the low pressure line 20-29 ft. lbs. (27-39 Nm). Tighten the high pressure line to 11-18 ft. lbs. (15-25 Nm).
  4.  
  5. Align the lower steering joint to the pinion shaft and install the joint onto the pinion shaft. Install the bolt and tighten to 17-22 ft. lbs. (24-29 Nm).
  6.  
  7. Properly position the hole cover and install the attaching nuts, tighten the nuts to 2.9-3.6 ft. lbs. (4-5 Nm).
  8.  
  9. Install the front stabilizer.
  10.  
  11. Install the engine mounting center member and tighten the attaching bolts. Attach the engine mounts to the center member and tighten the bolts. Remove the support from the engine.
  12.  



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 1: View of the steering gear and tie rods



Click image to see an enlarged view

Fig. Fig. 2: Tighten the steering rack fasteners in this order

  1. Install the remaining components in the reverse order of removal.
  2.  
  3. Tighten the tie rod end nuts, then install a new cotter pin.
  4.  
  5. Fill the power steering reservoir with fluid and bleed the air from the power steering system.
  6.  
  7. Check the vehicle front end alignment and adjust as necessary.
  8.  

 
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