Nissan Pick-ups and Pathfinder 1970-1988

Starter

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REMOVAL & INSTALLATION



See Figures 1 and 2

On some models with automatic transmission, it may be necessary to disconnect the throttle rod.

  1. Disconnect the negative (-) battery cable at the battery, then disconnect the positive (+) battery cable at the starter.
  2.  
  3. Disconnect the remaining electrical connections at the starter solenoid.
  4.  
  5. Remove the two nuts holding the starter to the bell housing and pull the starter toward the front of the vehicle.
  6.  
  7. To install the unit, insert the starter into the bell housing being sure that the starter drive is not jammed against the flywheel. Tighten the attaching nuts EVENLY and replace all electrical connections making the battery connection the last.
  8.  



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Fig. Fig. 1: Removing the starter mounting bolts



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Fig. Fig. 2: Removing the starter assembly

OVERHAUL



See Figures 3 and 4

Solenoid Replacement
  1. Remove the starter.
  2.  
  3. Unscrew the two solenoid switch (magnetic switch) retaining screws.
  4.  
  5. Remove the solenoid. In order to unhook the solenoid from the starter drive lever, lift it up at the same time that you are pulling it out of the starter housing.
  6.  
  7. Installation is in the reverse order of removal. Make sure that the solenoid switch is properly engaged with the drive lever before tightening the mounting screws.
  8.  



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Fig. Fig. 3: Exploded view of a starter assembly-non-reduction gear



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Fig. Fig. 4: Exploded view of a starter assembly-reduction gear

Brush Replacement
NON-REDUCTION GEAR TYPE
  1. Remove the starter.
  2.  
  3. Remove the solenoid (magnetic switch).
  4.  
  5. Remove the two end frame cap mounting bolts and remove the end frame cap.
  6.  
  7. Remove the O-ring and lock plate from the armature shaft groove and then slide the shims off the shaft.
  8.  
  9. Unscrew the two long housing screws (they are found at the front of the starter) and carefully pull off the end plate.
  10.  
  11. Using a screwdriver, separate the brushes from the brush holder.
  12.  
  13. Slide the brush holder off of the armature shaft.
  14.  
  15. Crush the old brushes off of the copper braid and file away any remaining solder.
  16.  
  17. Fit the new brushes to the braid and spread the braid slightly.
  18.  

Use a soldering iron of at least 250 watts.

  1. Solder the brush to the braid using a radio-grade solder. Grip the copper braid with flat pliers to prevent the solder from flowing down its length.
  2.  
  3. File off any extra solder and then repeat the procedure for the remaining three brushes.
  4.  
  5. Installation is in the reverse order of removal.
  6.  

When installing the brush holder, make sure that the brushes line up properly.

REDUCTION GEAR TYPE
  1. Remove the starter. Remove the solenoid.
  2.  
  3. Remove the thru-bolts and the rear cover. The rear cover can be pried off with a small prybar, but be careful not to damage the O-ring.
  4.  
  5. Remove the starter housing, armature, and brush holder from the center housing. They can be removed as an assembly.
  6.  
  7. Remove the positive side brush from its holder. The positive brush is insulated from the brush holder, and its lead wire is connected to the field coil.
  8.  
  9. Carefully lift the negative brush from the commutator and remove it form the holder.
  10.  
  11. Installation is in the reverse order of removal.
  12.  

Starter Drive Replacement
NON-REDUCTION GEAR TYPE
  1. With the starter motor removed from the vehicle, remove the solenoid from the starter.
  2.  
  3. Remove the two through-bolts and separate the gear case from the yoke housing.
  4.  
  5. Remove the pinion stopper clip and the pinion stopper.
  6.  
  7. Slide the starter drive off the armature shaft.
  8.  
  9. Install the starter drive and reassemble the starter in the reverse order of removal.
  10.  

REDUCTION GEAR TYPE
  1. Remove the starter.
  2.  
  3. Remove the solenoid and the shift lever.
  4.  
  5. Remove the bolts securing the center housing to the front cover and separate the parts.
  6.  
  7. Remove the gears and starter drive.
  8.  
  9. Installation is in the reverse order of removal.
  10.  



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Fig. Fig. 5: Battery and Starter Specifications

 
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