Nissan Pick-ups and Pathfinder 1989-1995

Transfer Case

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FLUID RECOMMENDATIONS





1989 models: multipurpose gear oil API GL-4; SAE 75W-90 or 80W-90
 
1990-95 models: DEXRON®reg; ATF
 

FLUID LEVEL CHECK



See Figures 1 and 2

The oil in the transfer case should be checked at least every 15,000 miles (24,000 km) or every 12 months, and replaced every 25,000-30,000 miles (40,000-48,000 km) or every 24 months.

  1. With the truck parked on a level surface, remove the filler plug from the rear of the housing.
  2.  



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Fig. Fig. 1: Removing the filler plug with the proper tool



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Fig. Fig. 2: Checking the fluid level in the transfer case

  1. If the lubricant begins to trickle out of the hole, there is enough. Otherwise, carefully insert your finger (watch out for sharp threads!) and check to see if the oil is up to the edge of the hole.
  2.  
  3. If not, add oil through the hole until the level is at the edge of the hole. Most gear lubricants come in a plastic squeeze bottle with a nozzle; making additions simple. You can also use a common everyday kitchen baster.
  4.  
  5. Replace the filler plug and tighten it to 18-25 ft. lbs. (25-34 Nm). Run the engine and check for leaks.
  6.  

DRAIN AND REFILL



See Figures 3, 4 and 5

Once every every 30,000 miles (48,000 km) or every 24 months, the oil in the transfer case should be changed.

  1. The transfer case oil should be hot before it is drained. If the engine is at normal operating temperature, the oil should be hot enough.
  2.  



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Fig. Fig. 3: Transfer case fill and drain plug locations



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Fig. Fig. 4: Remove the drain plug with the proper tool, being careful not to round off the edges of the socket fitting



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Fig. Fig. 5: After the drain plug is removed, the lubricant can be drained from the case assembly

  1. Raise the truck and support it properly on jackstands so that you can safely work underneath. You will probably not have enough room to work if the truck is not raised.
  2.  
  3. The drain plug is located near the bottom of the transfer case, toward the front. Place a pan under the drain plug and remove it. Keep a slight inward pressure on the plug while unscrewing it, as this will keep the oil from pouring out until the plug is removed.
  4.  


CAUTION
The oil will be HOT. Be careful when removing the plug, so that you don't take a bath in hot gear oil.

  1. Allow the oil to drain completely. Clean off the plug, then reinstall and tighten it to 18-25 ft. lbs. (25-34 Nm).
  2.  
  3. Remove the filler plug from the side of the case. There will be a gasket underneath this plug. Replace it if damaged.
  4.  
  5. Fill the transfer case with gear oil through the filler plug hole. Refer to the Capacities Chart for the amount of oil needed to refill your transfer case.
  6.  
  7. The oil level should come right up to the edge of the hole. You can stick your finger in to verify this. Watch out for sharp threads.
  8.  
  9. Replace the filler plug and gasket, then lower the truck and check for leaks. Dispose of (recycle) the old oil in the proper manner.
  10.  

 
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