Removal & Installation
On this vehicle, right side refers to the -rear- components (near the firewall) and left side refers to the "front" components (near the radiator).
- If the timing belt is to be removed, it is good practice to turn the crankshaft until the engine is at Top Dead Center (TDC) of the No. 1 cylinder, compression stroke (firing position), before beginning work. This should align all timing marks and serve as a reference for all work that follows. After verifying that the engine is at TDC for the No. 1 cylinder, do not crank the engine or allow the crankshaft or camshaft sprockets to be turned otherwise engine timing will be lost.
- Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the precautions section.
- Drain the cooling system.
Remove or disconnect the following:
Negative battery cable
- Use a strap wrench to hold the water pump pulley. Remove the 4 pulley bolts, and the water pump pulley.
Use a strap wrench to hold the crankshaft pulley. Remove the center pulley bolt, and the crankshaft pulley using a harmonic balancer (damper) puller to draw the pulley from the front of the crankshaft.
5 lower engine front cover bolts, then remove the lower engine front cover
- Be sure that the timing marks between the crankshaft sprocket and the oil pump housing align.
- If the timing belt is to be reused, mark an arrow on the belt indicating the direction of rotation. The directional arrow is necessary to ensure that the timing belt, if it to be reused, can reinstalled in the same direction.
- Loosen the timing belt tensioner nut and slip the timing belt off of the sprockets.
If necessary, the camshaft sprockets can be removed. A special spanner tool is designed to hold the sprocket to keep it from turning while the center bolt is being loosened. Use care if using substitutes.
NOTEThe sprockets are not interchangeable.
If necessary, the crankshaft sprocket can be removed. The outer timing belt guide (looks like a large washer) and the crankshaft sprocket simply pull off the front of the crankshaft.
NOTEBe careful, there are 2 crankshaft keys. Use care not to loose them.
- Clean all parts well. If removed, inspect the crankshaft sprocket for warping or abnormal wear. Check the sprocket teeth for wear, deformation, chipping or other damage. Replace as necessary. Clean the sprocket mounting surface to ease installation. Install the key. Slip the sprocket onto the crankshaft. Tap it in place with a suitably-sized socket.
- If removed, inspect the camshaft sprockets for damage and wear. Replace as required. The sprockets should be marked L3 to designate the front, or left side camshaft and R3 to designate the rear, or right side camshaft. Use care to install the sprockets properly. A special spanner tool is designed to hold the sprocket to keep it from turning while the center bolt is being tightened. Use care if using a substitute. Tighten the camshaft sprocket center bolts to 61 ft. lbs. (83 Nm). Verify that the timing marks on the camshaft sprockets and the timing marks on the rear cover (called the seal plate) are aligned.
- Use an Allen wrench to turn the timing belt tensioner clockwise until the belt tensioner spring is fully extended. Temporarily tighten the tensioner nut to 32-43 ft. lbs. (43-58 Nm).
- If a new timing belt is to be installed, look for a printed arrow on the belt. Be sure the arrow is pointing away from the engine. If the original timing belt is to be reused, be sure that the directional arrow that was marked at disassembly is facing the correct direction.
- A new Original Equipment Manufacture (OEM) timing belt should have 3 white timing marks on it that indicate the correct timing positions of the camshafts and the crankshaft. These marks are to help ensure that the engine is properly timed. When the engine is properly timed, each white timing mark on the timing belt will be aligned with the corresponding camshaft and crankshaft timing mark on the sprocket. Because the white timing marks are not evenly spaced, the technician needs to use care in installing the belt. There should be 40 timing belt teeth between the timing marks on the front and rear camshaft sprockets and 43 teeth between the timing mark on the front camshaft sprocket and the timing mark on the crankshaft sprocket.
- Verify that the camshaft timing marks are aligned with the timing marks on the rear cover (seal plate) and that the crankshaft sprocket timing mark is aligned with the timing mark on the oil pump housing.
- Install the timing belt starting at the crankshaft sprocket and moving around the camshaft sprockets following a counterclockwise path. Do not allow any slack in the timing belt between the sprockets. After all of the timing marks are aligned with the timing belt installed, slip the timing belt onto the belt tensioner.
While holding the timing belt tensioner with an Allen wrench, loosen the tensioner nut. Allow the tensioner to put pressure on the timing belt. Use an Allen wrench to turn the timing belt tensioner 70-80 degrees clockwise and tighten the timing belt tensioner nut to 32-43 ft. lbs. (43-58 Nm).
WARNINGIf any binding is felt when adjusting the timing belt tension by turning the crankshaft, STOP turning the engine, because the pistons may be hitting the valves.
- Rotate the crankshaft clockwise twice and align the No. 1 piston to TDC on the compression stroke (firing position).
Apply 22 lbs. (10kg) of force on the timing belt between the rear camshaft sprocket and the timing belt tensioner. An assistant may be needed. While holding the timing belt tensioner steady with an Allen wrench, loosen the timing belt tensioner nut. Remove the Allen wrench and adjust the timing belt tensioner using the following procedure:
- Install a 0.0138 in. (0.35mm) thick and 0.500 in. (12.7mm) wide feeler gauge where the timing belt just starts to go around the tensioner (approximately the 4 o'clock position, looking at the tensioner).
- Turn the crankshaft sprocket clockwise, which should force the feeler gauge between the timing belt and the tensioner, up to a position on the tensioner of about 1 o'clock.
- Tighten the timing belt tensioner nut to 61 ft. lbs. (83 Nm).
- Turn the crankshaft clockwise to rotate the feeler gauge out from between the timing belt tensioner and the timing belt.
- Rotate the crankshaft clockwise twice, and once again align the No. 1 piston to TDC on the compression stroke (firing position).
- Apply 22 lbs. (10kg) of force on the timing belt between the front and rear camshaft sprockets. Measure the amount of belt deflection. Belt deflection should be between 0.51-0.59 in. (13-15mm). If belt deflection is out of specification, repeat Steps 29 through 33. If the timing belt deflection cannot be adjusted into specification, the timing belt will have to be replaced.
Install or connect the following:
Lower engine front cover and the 5 lower cover bolts. Do not over tighten. Tighten to 27-44 inch lbs. (3-5 Nm).
- Fill the cooling system.
- Start the engine and allow it to warm to operating temperature. Check and adjust the ignition timing. Road test to verify correct engine operation.