Description & Operation
The crankshaft position sensor mounts to the engine block below the generator and near the oil filter.
The PCM sends approximately 9 volts to the Hall-effect sensor. This voltage is required to operate the Hall-effect chip and the electronics inside the sensor. A ground for the sensor is provided through the sensor return circuit. The input to the PCM occurs on a 5-volt output reference circuit that operates as follows: The Hall-effect sensor contains a powerful magnet. As the magnetic field passes over the dense portion of the counterweight, the 5-volt signal is pulled to ground (.3 volts) through a transistor in the sensor. When the magnetic field passes over the notches in the crankshaft counterweight, the magnetic field turns off the transistor in the sensor, causing the PCM to register the 5-volt signal. The PCM identifies crankshaft position by registering the change from 5 to 0 volts, as signaled from the Crankshaft Position sensor.
The PCM determines what cylinder to fire from the crankshaft position sensor input and the camshaft position sensor input. The second crankshaft counterweight has machined into it two sets of four timing reference notches including a 60 degree signature notch. From the crankshaft position sensor input the PCM determines engine speed and crankshaft angle (position).
The notches generate pulses from high to low in the crankshaft position sensor output voltage. When a metal portion of the counterweight aligns with the crankshaft position sensor, the sensor output voltage goes low (less than 0.5 volts) When a notch aligns with the sensor, voltage goes high (5.0 volts) As a group of notches pass under the sensor, the output voltage switches from low (metal) to high (notch) then back to low.
Removal & Installation
- Remove the air cleaner lid, disconnect the inlet air temperature sensor and makeup air hose.
- Remove the negative battery cable.
- Raise the vehicle and support.
- Disconnect electrical connector from crankshaft position sensor.
- Remove sensor mounting screw. Remove sensor.
- Install sensor and tighten the screw to 13 Nm (115 inch lbs.)
- Connect electrical connector to crankshaft position sensor.
- Lower vehicle.
- Install the negative battery cable.
Install the air cleaner lid, connect the inlet air temperature sensor and makeup air hose.