Inner Tie Rods
Disassembly of the rack and pinion assembly requires special tools and skills. Before attempting this time consuming and difficult procedure, check on the availability of already rebuilt rack and pinion assemblies. You may find it more cost effective to purchase a rebuilt assembly from your local parts jobber.
- Raise and safely support the vehicle.
- Remove the rack and pinion assembly from the vehicle, as outlined later in this section.
- Remove the tie rod end.
- Remove the hexagonal jam nut from the tie rod.
- Remove the tie rod end clamp.
- Remove the boot clamp with side cutters.
Mark the location of the breather tube on the housing before removing the rack and pinion boot and breather tube.
- Remove the rack and pinion boot and breather tube.
- Remove the shock dampener from the tie rod and slide it back on the rack.
- Remove the inner rod from the rack. Place a wrench on the flat of rack. Place a wrench on the flat of the tie rod housing and rotate the housing counterclockwise until the tie rod separates from the rack.
- Hold the rack during tie rod installation to prevent internal gear damage.
- Install the shock dampener onto the rack.
- Install the tie rod to the rack, and tighten the tie rod to 70 ft. lbs. (95 Nm).
Make certain the tie rod rocks freely in the housing before staking the inner rod to the rack.
- Support the rack and housing of the tie rod.
- Stake both sides of the tie rod housing to the flats on the rack.
- Check both stakes by inserting a 0.010 inch (0.25mm) feeler gauge between the rack and tie rod housing. The feeler gauge must not pass between the rack and housing stake.
- Slide the shock dampener over the housing until it engages.
- Install the new boot.
- Apply grease to the tie rod in the illustrated areas.
- Install the boot onto the tie rod and up to the housing.
- Align the breather tube with the mark made during removal, elbow of boot to the breather tube.
- Install the boot onto the housing until seated in the housing groove. After installation, the boot must NOT be twisted.
- Position the boot clamp on the boot and crimp securely.
- Install the hexagonal jam nut on the tie rod.
- Attach the tie rod ends, then install the rack and pinion assembly into the car, as outlined later in this section.
- Carefully lower the vehicle.
- Take the vehicle to reputable repair shop and have the toe professionally set. If it is out of adjustment enough, a tire can wear out in only a few miles. It is advisable to have a front end alignment professional done after replacing steering or suspension components to avoid costly tire wear.