Quest 1995-1996

Automatic Transaxle

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Fluid & Filter Change



Specific to:

Mercury Villager 1993-2000

Nissan Quest 1993-2000

The manufacturers do not recommend periodic automatic transaxle fluid replacement under normal use conditions. For vehicles used for towing, those equipped with a car-top carrier, or those operated in a dirty or muddy environment, fluid change is recommended every 30,000 miles (48,000 km) or 24 months, whichever comes first.

Before draining the transaxle, run the engine for about 15 minutes to warm the fluid. Then, turn the engine OFF .

  1. Raise and safely support the front of the vehicle securely on jackstands.
  2.  
  3. Remove the engine and transaxle splash shields.
  4.  
  5. Clean the transaxle oil pan area around the drain plug.
  6.  
  7. Place a drain pan under the transaxle oil pan drain.
    CAUTION
    The transaxle and transaxle fluid are hot and may cause burns.

  8.  
  9. Loosen the drain plug with a wrench. Gently hold in on the drain plug as it is unscrewed to prevent fluid from escaping until the plug is fully removed.
    NOTE
    Measure the amount of fluid drained to determine the amount needed to refill the transaxle. Transaxle fluid capacity specifications include the amount needed to fill the transaxle and the torque converter. Draining the torque converter requires the use of special tools and should not be attempted.

  10.  
  11. Allow the fluid to drain fully.
  12.  
  13. Clean the drain plug and inspect it for stripped threads or damage. Replace it, if needed. Discard the old drain plug gasket and install a new one.
  14.  
  15. Install the drain plug and tighten to 22-29 ft. lbs. (29-39 Nm).
  16.  
  17. Remove the drain pan from under the vehicle.
  18.  
  19. Install the splash shields.
  20.  
  21. Lower the vehicle.
  22.  
  23. Remove the transaxle dipstick. Insert a funnel into the dipstick tube and fill with the same amount of fluid that was drained.
  24.  
  25. Remove the funnel. Start the engine and check the fluid level as described under -Automatic Transaxle-Level Check-.
  26.  
  27. Turn the engine OFF and check for leaks.

    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. The transaxle fluid drain plug can be removed using a 19mm wrench

  28.  

Specific to:

Mercury Villager 1993-2000

Nissan Quest 1993-2000

While it is possible to drain and refill the transaxle without removing the transaxle oil pan, we recommend removing the pan and replacing the filter whenever the transaxle fluid is changed.

  1. Raise and safely support the front of the vehicle securely on jackstands.
  2.  
  3. Drain the transaxle as described under Automatic Transaxle, Drain and Refill.
  4.  
  5. Remove the transaxle oil pan bolts and remove the pan. It may be necessary to use a prybar to separate the pan from the transaxle case. Be careful not to bend the pan or score the case when prying.
    NOTE
    There are two magnets inside of the transaxle pan. They are installed to trap metallic debris and keep it from circulating through the transmission. Note the position of the magnets in the pan before cleaning it. If they are not installed in their original positions, the magnetic fields they generate may interfere with the operation of electrical components inside of the transaxle

  6.  
  7. Clean the pan and magnets with solvent and allow them to air dry, or dry them with compressed air. Do not use paper towels or rags to dry the parts, since minute traces of fiber or lint can interfere with the operation of internal transmission components.
  8.  
  9. Remove the transaxle oil filter bolts and oil filter. Discard the filter and filter gasket.
  10.  
  11. Install a new filter and filter gasket. Tighten the filter bolts to 62-79 inch lbs. (7-9 Nm).
  12.  
  13. Clean the gasket surface of the transaxle case.
  14.  
  15. Position a new pan gasket on the pan, and install the pan.
  16.  
  17. Install the pan bolts finger-tight. With a wrench, tighten the bolts in stages, going around the pan tightening every other bolt in sequence. For the final tightening sequence, torque the bolts to 62-79 inch lbs. (7-9 Nm).
  18.  
  19. Install the drain plug and tighten to 22-29 ft. lbs. (29-39 Nm).
  20.  
  21. Remove the drain pan from under the vehicle.
  22.  
  23. Install the splash shields.
  24.  
  25. Lower the vehicle.
  26.  
  27. Fill the transaxle and check the fluid level as described under Automatic Transaxle, Drain and Refill.

    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. After the transaxle fluid is drained, remove the twenty one pan bolts and remove the pan



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Typical transaxle oil pan magnet location

  28.  

Fluid Pan

For transaxle fluid pan removal and filter replacement procedures, please refer to General Information and Maintenance, Fluids and Lubricants, Automatic Transaxle, Pan and Filter Service.

Fluid Level Check



Specific to:

Mercury Villager 1993-2000

Nissan Quest 1993-2000

The manufacturers recommend that automatic transaxle fluid (ATF) be inspected every 15,000 miles (25,000 km) or 12 months, however, it is generally a good idea to check the fluid level every time the engine oil is changed.

The transaxle fluid level may be checked either hot or cold, although checking it hot is preferable. To check it when hot, the vehicle should be driven at least 15 minutes to bring the transaxle up to normal operating temperature. The fluid level can then be checked in the HOT range on the dipstick. If the vehicle has not been driven and the outside temperature is 50°F (10°C) or above, the fluid level may be checked in the COLD range. If the vehicle has been driven for an extended time at high speeds, or in city traffic in hot weather, or if it has been used to pull a trailer, the engine should be turned off for about 30 minutes to allow the fluid to cool to normal operating temperature before checking the level.

When checking the automatic transaxle fluid level, inspect the fluid on the dipstick. It should appear bright red. Fluid that is brown or black, smells burnt, or appears gritty, indicates overheating and possible internal damage to the transaxle.

To check the automatic transaxle fluid level:

  1. Make sure the vehicle is parked on a level surface with the transmission in park and the parking brake applied.
  2.  
  3. Start the engine and move the gearshift lever through all of the ranges, allowing time for each position to engage.
  4.  
  5. Return the gearshift to park (P) and leave the engine running.
    CAUTION
    Keep away from moving engine parts such as the cooling fan and drive belts. Do not wear loose clothing or jewelry while under the hood of the car with the engine running.

  6.  
  7. Open the hood and locate the automatic transaxle dipstick.
  8.  
  9. Remove the dipstick and wipe it clean with lint-free paper. Reinsert it all the way in.
  10.  
  11. Remove the dipstick, holding it horizontally, and check the fluid level. It should be within the crosshatched area if checked hot, or between the notches or dots if checked cold. If the fluid level is low, insert a funnel into the dipstick tube and add fluid in 1 / 2 pint increments.
  12.  
  13. Replace the dipstick. If fluid was added, recheck the fluid level.
    WARNING
    Do not overfill the transaxle.



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. To check the transaxle fluid level, remove the dipstick with the engine running and the transaxle in PARK



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Automatic transaxle dipstick markings-1993-97 vehicles



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Automatic transaxle dipstick markings-1998-00 vehicles

  14.  

Fluid Recommendations



Specific to:

Mercury Villager 1993-2000

Nissan Quest 1993-2000

Only Motorcraft MERCON®, Nissan Matic -D-, or an equivalent fluid such as Dexron®III/Mercon® is recommended for use in all 1993-00 Mercury Villagers and Nissan Quests.

 
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