Quest 1995-1996

Starter

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Removal & Installation



  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2.  
  3. Remove the air cleaner lid and filter element. (For the procedure, please refer to General Information and Maintenance, Routine Maintenance and Tune-Up, Air Cleaner Element, Removal and Installation).
  4.  
  5. Remove the three air cleaner housing mounting bolts and remove the housing.
  6.  
  7. Slide the B terminal protective boot back and remove the nut. Remove the battery cable from the terminal.
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  9. Disconnect the S terminal lead connector from the ignition wiring harness.
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  11. Remove the two starter motor mounting bolts.
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  13. Remove the starter motor.
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  15. The installation is the reverse of removal. Tighten the starter motor bolts to 17-19 ft. lbs. (23-26 Nm). Tighten the B terminal nut to 71-79 inch lbs.
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Testing & Troubleshooting



Voltage Drop Test

NOTE
The battery must be in good condition and fully charged prior to performing these tests.

Motor Feed Circuit

Specific to:

Mercury Villager 1993-2000

Nissan Quest 1993-2000

  1. Make sure the battery terminals are clean and tight.
  2.  
  3. Check the starter motor electrical wires for insulation damage. Ensure that the connections are properly engaged and have no dirt or corrosion.
  4.  
  5. On 1993-98 3.0L engine models, disable the ignition system by disconnecting the coil wire from the distributor cap. On 1999-00 3.3L engine models, disconnect the inertia fuel shutoff switch (refer to Fuel System, Fuel Injection, Inertia Switch for the location and procedure). Verify that the vehicle will not start.
  6.  
  7. Using a digital volt ohmmeter (DVOM) set on the voltage scale, connect the DVOM positive lead to the battery positive terminal and connect the negative lead to the starter solenoid M terminal.
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  9. With a remote starter (connected between the battery positive terminal and the starter motor S terminal lead), or with the help an assistant, crank the engine and observe the voltage reading.
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  11. If the voltage is higher than 0.5 volts, move the DVOM negative lead to the solenoid B terminal and repeat the test.
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  13. If the voltage is lower than 0.5 volts, proceed to step 9. If the voltage is higher than 0.5 volts, clean the positive cable at both terminal ends and retest. If the voltage is still too high, replace the cable.
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  15. If the voltage reading is less than 0.5 volts there may be a problem with the solenoid or the solenoid connections.
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  17. Disengage, clean and reinstall the B , S and M terminals. Repeat Steps 4 and 5.
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  19. If the voltage reading is still the same, the solenoid is defective and must be replaced.
    NOTE
    Many automotive parts stores have starter bench testers available for use by customers. A starter bench test is the most definitive way to determine the condition of your starter.



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Wiring schematic of the remote starter and DVOM connections required when performing a voltage drop test of the motor feed circuit

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Motor Ground Circuit

Specific to:

Mercury Villager 1993-2000

Nissan Quest 1993-2000

  1. On 1993-98 3.0L engine models, disable the ignition system by disconnecting the coil wire from the distributor cap. On 1999-00 3.3L engine models, disconnect the inertia fuel shutoff switch. Please refer to Fuel System, Fuel Injection, Inertia Fuel Shutoff Switch for the location and procedure. Verify that the vehicle will not start.
  2.  
  3. Connect the digital volt ohmmeter (DVOM) positive lead to the starter motor housing (the connection should be clean and free of rust or grease) and the negative lead to the negative battery terminal.
  4.  
  5. Either use the remote starter or have your assistant crank the engine and note the voltage reading. The reading should be 0.2 volts or less.
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  7. If the reading is more than 0.2 volts, clean the negative cable connections at both the battery and body connections, and retest. If the voltage is still too high, check the individual cable as follows:
    1. Connect the negative lead of the DVOM to the end of the negative cable nearest battery and the positive lead of the DVOM to the other end of the cable.
    2.  

  8.  
  9. Crank the engine and observe the voltage reading, which should be 0.2 volts or lower. If the voltage reading is too high, clean the terminal ends and retest. If the reading is still too high, replace the cable.
    NOTE
    Many automotive parts stores have starter bench testers available for use by customers. A starter bench test is the most definitive way to determine the condition of your starter.



    Click image to see an enlarged view

    Fig. Wiring schematic of the remote starter and DVOM connections required when performing a voltage drop test of the motor ground circuit

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